Spanish Verb Tense Names in English

Below we cover the major Spanish verb tenses (and moods), including their name in Spanish and in English. It can be confusing at times, but remember that in our app, you can choose to use either option! Here's a quick summary table, but you can scroll down (or click a specific tense) to get more information and examples.

SpanishEnglish
El presenteIndicative present
El presente progresivoIndicative present continuous
El futuro próximoIndicative informal future
El pretérito perfectoIndicative present perfect
El pretérito indefinidoIndicative preterite
El pretérito imperfectoIndicative imperfect
El pretérito pluscuamperfectoIndicative past perfect
El futuro simpleIndicative future
El futuro perfectoIndicative future perfect
El condicional simpleIndicative conditional
El condicional perfectoIndicative conditional perfect
El presente de subjuntivoSubjunctive present
El imperfecto subjuntivoSubjunctive imperfect
El pretérito perfecto de subjuntivoSubjunctive present perfect
El pretérito pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivoSubjunctive past perfect
El futuro de subjuntivoSubjunctive future
El futuro perfecto de subjuntivoSubjunctive future perfect
El imperativo afirmativoImperative affirmative present
El imperativo negativoImperative negative present

Note: above and below, we include the mood (e.g. indicative or subjunctive) in the tense names.

El Presente

In English: Indicative present

Explained: to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, John come el almuerzo a las 12:00 todos los días. John eats lunch at 12pm every day.

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El Presente Progresivo

In English: Indicative present continuous

Explained: to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, Matt está jugando al fútbol. Matt is playing football.

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El Futuro Próximo

In English: Indicative informal future

Explained: to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, Andy va a conducir el coche. Andy is going to drive the car.

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El Pretérito Perfecto

In English: Indicative present perfect

Explained: to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, Olga ha visto la película. Olga has seen that movie.

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El Pretérito Indefinido

In English: Indicative preterite

Explained: to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, Anoche fuimos a una fiesta hasta las seis de la mañana. Last night we went to a party until six in the morning.

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El Pretérito Imperfecto

In English: Indicative imperfect

Explained: to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, Las chicas hablaban en español. The girls spoke in Spanish.

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El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

In English: Indicative past perfect

Explained: to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, Cody había comido tacos antes de ir al club. Cody had eaten tacos before he went to the club.

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El Futuro Simple

In English: Indicative future

Explained: to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, Brian comerá paella con su familia en domingo. Brian will eat paella on Sunday with his family.

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El Futuro Perfecto

In English: Indicative future perfect

Explained: to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, I will have finished the interview by this time tomorrow. Habré terminado la entrevista mañana a esta hora.

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El Condicional Simple

In English: Indicative conditional

Explained: to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, Nos gustaría viajar el mundo. We would like to travel the world.

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El Condicional Perfecto

In English: Indicative conditional perfect

Explained: to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, Yo habría comprado los zapatos pero no tenía dinero. I would have bought the shoes, but I didn't have money.

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El Presente de Subjuntivo

In English: Subjunctive present

Explained: to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, No creo que el español sea un idioma fácil. I don't think Spanish is an easy language

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El Imperfecto Subjuntivo

In English: Subjunctive imperfect

Explained: to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, Si ganaran la lotería, darían la mayoría a la caridad. If they won the lottery, they would give the majority money to charity.

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El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo

In English: Subjunctive present perfect

Explained: to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, Es bueno que haya estudiado para el examen. It’s good that he studied for the exam.

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El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo

In English: Subjunctive past perfect

Explained: to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, Ojalá que hubiera/hubiese sabido. I wish I had known.

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El Futuro de Subjuntivo

In English: Subjunctive future

Explained: to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example,

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El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo

In English: Subjunctive future perfect

Explained: to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example,

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El Imperativo Afirmativo

In English: Imperative affirmative present

Explained: to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, Clare, come la cena! Clare, eat your dinner!

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El Imperativo Negativo

In English: Imperative negative present

Explained: to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, Harry, apaga la television! Harry, turn off the television!

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Spanish Verb Tables

Find full verb tables (including full English translation) for the most popular verbs here! If you'd like additional features such as pronounciation and conjugation steps, download our app :)

Abrir conjugation

to open

Irregular Conjugate abrir

Dar conjugation

to give

Irregular Conjugate dar

Decir conjugation

to say, to tell

Irregular Conjugate decir

Estar conjugation

to be (temporary)

Irregular Conjugate estar

Hacer conjugation

to do, to make

Irregular Conjugate hacer

Ir conjugation

to go

Irregular Conjugate ir

Oír conjugation

to hear

Irregular Conjugate oír

Poner conjugation

to put, to place

Irregular Conjugate poner

Saber conjugation

to know (things)

Irregular Conjugate saber

Ser conjugation

to be (permanent)

Irregular Conjugate ser

Tener conjugation

to have

Irregular Conjugate tener

Venir conjugation

to come

Irregular Conjugate venir