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How to conjugate Vivir in Spanish

To live

Introduction

Vivir is the Spanish verb for to live. It is a regular IR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivevivirto live
Past participlevividolived
Gerundviviendoliving

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Indicative Tenses of Vivir

Vivir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of vivir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "vivo cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I live close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivoI live
vivesyou live
Ella / Él / Ustedvives/he live, you (formal) live
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivimoswe live
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivísyou (plural) live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesviventhey live, you (plural formal) live
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Vivir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of vivir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "viví cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I lived close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivíI lived
vivisteyou lived
Ella / Él / Ustedviviós/he lived, you (formal) lived
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivimoswe lived
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivisteisyou (plural) lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivieronthey lived, you (plural formal) lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of vivir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "vivía cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I used to live close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivíaI used to live
vivíasyou used to live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivías/he used to live, you (formal) used to live
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivíamoswe used to live
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivíaisyou (plural) used to live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivíanthey used to live, you (plural formal) used to live
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Vivir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of vivir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "viviré cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I will live close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoviviréI will live
vivirásyou will live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivirás/he will live, you (formal) will live
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviremoswe will live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviviréisyou (plural) will live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesviviránthey will live, you (plural formal) will live
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Vivir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of vivir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "viviría cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I would live close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoviviríaI would live
viviríasyou would live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivirías/he would live, you (formal) would live
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviríamoswe would live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviviríaisyou (plural) would live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesviviríanthey would live, you (plural formal) would live
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Vivir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of vivir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I have lived close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe vividoI have lived
has vividoyou have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedha vividos/he has lived, you (formal) have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos vividowe have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis vividoyou (plural) have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan vividothey have lived, you (plural formal) have lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of vivir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I had lived close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía vividoI had lived
habías vividoyou had lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía vividos/he had lived, you (formal) had lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos vividowe had lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais vividoyou (plural) had lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían vividothey had lived, you (plural formal) had lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of vivir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I will have lived close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré vividoI will have lived
habrás vividoyou will have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá vividos/he will have lived, you (formal) will have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos vividowe will have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis vividoyou (plural) will have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán vividothey will have lived, you (plural formal) will have lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of vivir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I would have lived close to my sister".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría vividoI would have lived
habrías vividoyou would have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría vividos/he would have lived, you (formal) would have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos vividowe would have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais vividoyou (plural) would have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían vividothey would have lived, you (plural formal) would have lived
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Vivir

Vivir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "viva", meaning "I live".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivaI live
vivasyou live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivas/he live, you (formal) live
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivamoswe live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviváisyou (plural) live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivanthey live, you (plural formal) live
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "viviera", meaning "I lived".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivieraI lived
vivierasyou lived
Ella / Él / Ustedvivieras/he lived, you (formal) lived
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviéramoswe lived
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivieraisyou (plural) lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivieranthey lived, you (plural formal) lived
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "viviere", meaning "I will live".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoviviereI will live
vivieresyou will live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivieres/he will live, you (formal) will live
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviéremoswe will live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviviereisyou (plural) will live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivierenthey will live, you (plural formal) will live
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya vivido", meaning "I have lived".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya vividoI have lived
hayas vividoyou have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya vividos/he has lived, you (formal) have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos vividowe have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis vividoyou (plural) have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan vividothey have lived, you (plural formal) have lived
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera vivido", meaning "I had lived".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera vividoI had lived
hubieras vividoyou had lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera vividos/he had lived, you (formal) had lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos vividowe had lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais vividoyou (plural) had lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran vividothey had lived, you (plural formal) had lived
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere vivido", meaning "I will have lived".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere vividoI will have lived
hubieres vividoyou will have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere vividos/he will have lived, you (formal) will have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos vividowe will have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis vividoyou (plural) will have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren vividothey will have lived, you (plural formal) will have lived
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Imperative Tenses of Vivir

Vivir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "viva", meaning "(to you formal) live!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
vive(to you) live!
Ella / Él / Ustedviva(to you formal) live!
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivamos(to we) live!
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivid(to you plural) live!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivan(to you plural formal) live!
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Vivir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no viva", meaning "(to you formal) don't live!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no vivas(to you) don't live!
Ella / Él / Ustedno viva(to you formal) don't live!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno vivamos(to we) don't live!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno viváis(to you plural) don't live!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno vivan(to you plural formal) don't live!
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Example sentences and usage

  • El comunismo nunca será alcanzado mientras yo viva. Communism will never be reached in my lifetime.
  • En el verano vivimos en el campo. We live in the country during the summer.
  • Voy seguido a la playa porque vivo cerca del mar. I live near the sea so I often get to go to the beach.
  • Estoy vivo aunque no esté dando ninguna señal de vida. I am alive even though I am not giving any sign of life.
  • ¿Usted sabe dónde vive la chica? Do you know where the girl lives?
  • ¿Dónde vive tu tío? Where does your uncle live?
  • Es rico y vive como un mendigo. He is rich yet he lives like a beggar.
  • A menudo visitaba el museo cuando vivía en Kioto. I would often visit the museum when I lived in Kyoto.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out ayudar – to help, to assist or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

This is a really great format for genuine learning. Kudos to the developers! Having to type out the conjugations rather than choose from a multiple choice quiz may seem like an inconvenience at first, but it does wonders for one’s recall.

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