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How to conjugate Vivir in Spanish

To live Regular IR Verb

Introduction

Vivir is the Spanish verb for "to live". It is a regular IR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivevivirto live
Past participlevividolived
Gerundviviendoliving
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Indicative Tenses of Vivir

Vivir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of vivir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "vivo cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I live close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivoI live
TĂşvivesyou live
Ella / Él / Ustedvives/he live, you (formal) live
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivimoswe live
Vosotras / VosotrosvivĂ­syou (plural) live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesviventhey live, you (plural formal) live
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Vivir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of vivir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "vivĂ­ cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I lived close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivĂ­I lived
TĂşvivisteyou lived
Ella / Él / Ustedviviós/he lived, you (formal) lived
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivimoswe lived
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivisteisyou (plural) lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivieronthey lived, you (plural formal) lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of vivir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "vivĂ­a cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I used to live close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivĂ­aI used to live
TĂşvivĂ­asyou used to live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivías/he used to live, you (formal) used to live
Nosotras / NosotrosvivĂ­amoswe used to live
Vosotras / VosotrosvivĂ­aisyou (plural) used to live
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesvivĂ­anthey used to live, you (plural formal) used to live
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Vivir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of vivir is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy viviendo cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I am living close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy viviendoI am living
Túestás viviendoyou are living
Ella / Él / Ustedestá viviendos/he is living, you (formal) are living
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos viviendowe are living
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis viviendoyou (plural) are living
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán viviendothey are living, you (plural formal) are living
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Vivir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of vivir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a vivir cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I am going to live close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro PrĂłximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a vivirI am going to live
TĂşvas a viviryou are going to live
Ella / Él / Ustedva a vivirs/he is going to live, you (formal) are going to live
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a vivirwe are going to live
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a viviryou (plural) are going to live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a vivirthey are going to live, you (plural formal) are going to live
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Vivir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of vivir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "viviré cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I will live close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoviviréI will live
Túvivirásyou will live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivirás/he will live, you (formal) will live
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviremoswe will live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviviréisyou (plural) will live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesviviránthey will live, you (plural formal) will live
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Vivir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of vivir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "vivirĂ­a cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I would live close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivirĂ­aI would live
TĂşvivirĂ­asyou would live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivirías/he would live, you (formal) would live
Nosotras / NosotrosvivirĂ­amoswe would live
Vosotras / VosotrosvivirĂ­aisyou (plural) would live
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesvivirĂ­anthey would live, you (plural formal) would live
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Vivir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of vivir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I have lived close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe vividoI have lived
TĂşhas vividoyou have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedha vividos/he has lived, you (formal) have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos vividowe have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis vividoyou (plural) have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan vividothey have lived, you (plural formal) have lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of vivir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "habĂ­a vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I had lived close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabĂ­a vividoI had lived
TĂşhabĂ­as vividoyou had lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía vividos/he had lived, you (formal) had lived
Nosotras / NosotroshabĂ­amos vividowe had lived
Vosotras / VosotroshabĂ­ais vividoyou (plural) had lived
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabĂ­an vividothey had lived, you (plural formal) had lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of vivir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I will have lived close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré vividoI will have lived
Túhabrás vividoyou will have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá vividos/he will have lived, you (formal) will have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos vividowe will have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis vividoyou (plural) will have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán vividothey will have lived, you (plural formal) will have lived
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Vivir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of vivir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría vivido cerca de mi hermana", meaning "I would have lived close to my sister".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabrĂ­a vividoI would have lived
TĂşhabrĂ­as vividoyou would have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría vividos/he would have lived, you (formal) would have lived
Nosotras / NosotroshabrĂ­amos vividowe would have lived
Vosotras / VosotroshabrĂ­ais vividoyou (plural) would have lived
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂ­an vividothey would have lived, you (plural formal) would have lived
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Subjunctive Tenses of Vivir

Vivir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "viva", meaning "I live".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivaI live
TĂşvivasyou live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivas/he live, you (formal) live
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivamoswe live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviváisyou (plural) live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivanthey live, you (plural formal) live
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "viviera", meaning "I lived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YovivieraI lived
TĂşvivierasyou lived
Ella / Él / Ustedvivieras/he lived, you (formal) lived
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviéramoswe lived
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivieraisyou (plural) lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivieranthey lived, you (plural formal) lived
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "viviere", meaning "I will live".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoviviereI will live
TĂşvivieresyou will live
Ella / Él / Ustedvivieres/he will live, you (formal) will live
Nosotras / Nosotrosviviéremoswe will live
Vosotras / Vosotrosviviereisyou (plural) will live
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivierenthey will live, you (plural formal) will live
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya vivido", meaning "I have lived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya vividoI have lived
TĂşhayas vividoyou have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya vividos/he has lived, you (formal) have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos vividowe have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis vividoyou (plural) have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan vividothey have lived, you (plural formal) have lived
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera vivido", meaning "I had lived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera vividoI had lived
TĂşhubieras vividoyou had lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera vividos/he had lived, you (formal) had lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos vividowe had lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais vividoyou (plural) had lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran vividothey had lived, you (plural formal) had lived
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Vivir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere vivido", meaning "I will have lived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere vividoI will have lived
TĂşhubieres vividoyou will have lived
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere vividos/he will have lived, you (formal) will have lived
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos vividowe will have lived
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis vividoyou (plural) will have lived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren vividothey will have lived, you (plural formal) will have lived
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Imperative Tenses of Vivir

Vivir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "viva", meaning "(to you formal) live!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂşvive(to you) live!
Ella / Él / Ustedviva(to you formal) live!
Nosotras / Nosotrosvivamoslet's live!
Vosotras / Vosotrosvivid(to you plural) live!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvivan(to you plural formal) live!
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Vivir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no viva", meaning "(to you formal) don't live!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂşno vivas(to you) don't live!
Ella / Él / Ustedno viva(to you formal) don't live!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno vivamoslet's not live!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno viváis(to you plural) don't live!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno vivan(to you plural formal) don't live!
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Example sentences and usage

  • El comunismo nunca será alcanzado mientras yo viva. Communism will never be reached in my lifetime.
  • En el verano vivimos en el campo. We live in the country during the summer.
  • Voy seguido a la playa porque vivo cerca del mar. I live near the sea so I often get to go to the beach.
  • Estoy vivo aunque no estĂ© dando ninguna señal de vida. I am alive even though I am not giving any sign of life.
  • ÂżUsted sabe dĂłnde vive la chica? Do you know where the girl lives?
  • ÂżDĂłnde vive tu tĂ­o? Where does your uncle live?
  • Es rico y vive como un mendigo. He is rich yet he lives like a beggar.
  • A menudo visitaba el museo cuando vivĂ­a en Kioto. I would often visit the museum when I lived in Kyoto.
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