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How to conjugate Tratar in Spanish

To try

Introduction

Tratar is the Spanish verb for to try. It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivetratarto try
Past participletratadotried
Gerundtratandotrying

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Indicative Tenses of Tratar

Tratar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of tratar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "trato mejorar cada día", meaning "I try to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratoI try
tratasyou try
Ella / Él / Ustedtratas/he try, you (formal) try
Nosotras / Nosotrostratamoswe try
Vosotras / Vosotrostratáisyou (plural) try
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratanthey try, you (plural formal) try
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Tratar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of tratar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "traté mejorar cada día", meaning "I tried to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratéI tried
tratasteyou tried
Ella / Él / Ustedtratós/he tried, you (formal) tried
Nosotras / Nosotrostratamoswe tried
Vosotras / Vosotrostratasteisyou (plural) tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataronthey tried, you (plural formal) tried
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Tratar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of tratar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "trataba mejorar cada día", meaning "I used to try to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratabaI used to try
tratabasyou used to try
Ella / Él / Ustedtratabas/he used to try, you (formal) used to try
Nosotras / Nosotrostratábamoswe used to try
Vosotras / Vosotrostratabaisyou (plural) used to try
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratabanthey used to try, you (plural formal) used to try
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Tratar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of tratar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "trataré mejorar cada día", meaning "I will try to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrataréI will try
tratarásyou will try
Ella / Él / Ustedtratarás/he will try, you (formal) will try
Nosotras / Nosotrostrataremoswe will try
Vosotras / Vosotrostrataréisyou (plural) will try
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataránthey will try, you (plural formal) will try
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Tratar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of tratar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "trataría mejorar cada día", meaning "I would try to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrataríaI would try
trataríasyou would try
Ella / Él / Ustedtratarías/he would try, you (formal) would try
Nosotras / Nosotrostrataríamoswe would try
Vosotras / Vosotrostrataríaisyou (plural) would try
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataríanthey would try, you (plural formal) would try
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Tratar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of tratar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I have tried to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe tratadoI have tried
has tratadoyou have tried
Ella / Él / Ustedha tratados/he has tried, you (formal) have tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos tratadowe have tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis tratadoyou (plural) have tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan tratadothey have tried, you (plural formal) have tried
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Tratar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of tratar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I had tried to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía tratadoI had tried
habías tratadoyou had tried
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía tratados/he had tried, you (formal) had tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos tratadowe had tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais tratadoyou (plural) had tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían tratadothey had tried, you (plural formal) had tried
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Tratar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of tratar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I will have tried to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré tratadoI will have tried
habrás tratadoyou will have tried
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá tratados/he will have tried, you (formal) will have tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos tratadowe will have tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis tratadoyou (plural) will have tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán tratadothey will have tried, you (plural formal) will have tried
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Tratar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of tratar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I would have tried to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría tratadoI would have tried
habrías tratadoyou would have tried
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría tratados/he would have tried, you (formal) would have tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos tratadowe would have tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais tratadoyou (plural) would have tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían tratadothey would have tried, you (plural formal) would have tried
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Tratar

Tratar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "trate", meaning "I try".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrateI try
tratesyou try
Ella / Él / Ustedtrates/he try, you (formal) try
Nosotras / Nosotrostratemoswe try
Vosotras / Vosotrostratéisyou (plural) try
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratenthey try, you (plural formal) try
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "tratara", meaning "I tried".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrataraI tried
tratarasyou tried
Ella / Él / Ustedtrataras/he tried, you (formal) tried
Nosotras / Nosotrostratáramoswe tried
Vosotras / Vosotrostrataraisyou (plural) tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataranthey tried, you (plural formal) tried
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "tratare", meaning "I will try".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratareI will try
trataresyou will try
Ella / Él / Ustedtratares/he will try, you (formal) will try
Nosotras / Nosotrostratáremoswe will try
Vosotras / Vosotrostratareisyou (plural) will try
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratarenthey will try, you (plural formal) will try
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya tratado", meaning "I have tried".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya tratadoI have tried
hayas tratadoyou have tried
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya tratados/he has tried, you (formal) have tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos tratadowe have tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis tratadoyou (plural) have tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan tratadothey have tried, you (plural formal) have tried
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera tratado", meaning "I had tried".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera tratadoI had tried
hubieras tratadoyou had tried
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera tratados/he had tried, you (formal) had tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos tratadowe had tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais tratadoyou (plural) had tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran tratadothey had tried, you (plural formal) had tried
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere tratado", meaning "I will have tried".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere tratadoI will have tried
hubieres tratadoyou will have tried
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere tratados/he will have tried, you (formal) will have tried
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos tratadowe will have tried
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis tratadoyou (plural) will have tried
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren tratadothey will have tried, you (plural formal) will have tried
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Imperative Tenses of Tratar

Tratar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "trate", meaning "(to you formal) try!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
trata(to you) try!
Ella / Él / Ustedtrate(to you formal) try!
Nosotras / Nosotrostratemos(to we) try!
Vosotras / Vosotrostratad(to you plural) try!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestraten(to you plural formal) try!
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Tratar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no trate", meaning "(to you formal) don't try!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no trates(to you) don't try!
Ella / Él / Ustedno trate(to you formal) don't try!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno tratemos(to we) don't try!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno tratéis(to you plural) don't try!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno traten(to you plural formal) don't try!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Trata de tener una actitud positiva hacia todo. Try to have a positive attitude about everything.
  • ¿Trataste de repasar las clases de inglés? Did you try to review the English lessons?
  • Me niego a que me trates como un esclavo. I refuse to be treated like a slave by you.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out ir – to go or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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