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How to conjugate Tratar in Spanish

To treat, to try Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Tratar is the Spanish verb for "to treat, to try". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to tratar include: intentar, probar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivetratarto treat, to try
Past participletratadotreated
Gerundtratandotreating
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Indicative Tenses of Tratar

Tratar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of tratar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "trato mejorar cada día", meaning "I treat to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratoI treat
tratasyou treat
Ella / Él / Ustedtratas/he treat, you (formal) treat
Nosotras / Nosotrostratamoswe treat
Vosotras / Vosotrostratáisyou (plural) treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratanthey treat, you (plural formal) treat
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Tratar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of tratar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "traté mejorar cada día", meaning "I treated to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratéI treated
tratasteyou treated
Ella / Él / Ustedtratós/he treated, you (formal) treated
Nosotras / Nosotrostratamoswe treated
Vosotras / Vosotrostratasteisyou (plural) treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataronthey treated, you (plural formal) treated
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Tratar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of tratar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "trataba mejorar cada día", meaning "I used to treat to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratabaI used to treat
tratabasyou used to treat
Ella / Él / Ustedtratabas/he used to treat, you (formal) used to treat
Nosotras / Nosotrostratábamoswe used to treat
Vosotras / Vosotrostratabaisyou (plural) used to treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratabanthey used to treat, you (plural formal) used to treat
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Tratar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of tratar is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy tratando mejorar cada día", meaning "I am treating to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy tratandoI am treating
estás tratandoyou are treating
Ella / Él / Ustedestá tratandos/he is treating, you (formal) are treating
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos tratandowe are treating
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis tratandoyou (plural) are treating
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán tratandothey are treating, you (plural formal) are treating
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Tratar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of tratar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a tratar mejorar cada día", meaning "I am going to treat to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a tratarI am going to treat
vas a trataryou are going to treat
Ella / Él / Ustedva a tratars/he is going to treat, you (formal) are going to treat
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a tratarwe are going to treat
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a trataryou (plural) are going to treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a tratarthey are going to treat, you (plural formal) are going to treat
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Tratar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of tratar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "trataré mejorar cada día", meaning "I will treat to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrataréI will treat
tratarásyou will treat
Ella / Él / Ustedtratarás/he will treat, you (formal) will treat
Nosotras / Nosotrostrataremoswe will treat
Vosotras / Vosotrostrataréisyou (plural) will treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataránthey will treat, you (plural formal) will treat
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Tratar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of tratar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "trataría mejorar cada día", meaning "I would treat to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrataríaI would treat
trataríasyou would treat
Ella / Él / Ustedtratarías/he would treat, you (formal) would treat
Nosotras / Nosotrostrataríamoswe would treat
Vosotras / Vosotrostrataríaisyou (plural) would treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataríanthey would treat, you (plural formal) would treat
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Tratar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of tratar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I have treated to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe tratadoI have treated
has tratadoyou have treated
Ella / Él / Ustedha tratados/he has treated, you (formal) have treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos tratadowe have treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis tratadoyou (plural) have treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan tratadothey have treated, you (plural formal) have treated
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Tratar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of tratar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I had treated to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía tratadoI had treated
habías tratadoyou had treated
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía tratados/he had treated, you (formal) had treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos tratadowe had treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais tratadoyou (plural) had treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían tratadothey had treated, you (plural formal) had treated
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Tratar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of tratar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I will have treated to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré tratadoI will have treated
habrás tratadoyou will have treated
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá tratados/he will have treated, you (formal) will have treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos tratadowe will have treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis tratadoyou (plural) will have treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán tratadothey will have treated, you (plural formal) will have treated
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Tratar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of tratar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría tratado mejorar cada día", meaning "I would have treated to improve every day".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría tratadoI would have treated
habrías tratadoyou would have treated
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría tratados/he would have treated, you (formal) would have treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos tratadowe would have treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais tratadoyou (plural) would have treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían tratadothey would have treated, you (plural formal) would have treated
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Subjunctive Tenses of Tratar

Tratar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "trate", meaning "I treat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrateI treat
tratesyou treat
Ella / Él / Ustedtrates/he treat, you (formal) treat
Nosotras / Nosotrostratemoswe treat
Vosotras / Vosotrostratéisyou (plural) treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratenthey treat, you (plural formal) treat
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "tratara", meaning "I treated".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrataraI treated
tratarasyou treated
Ella / Él / Ustedtrataras/he treated, you (formal) treated
Nosotras / Nosotrostratáramoswe treated
Vosotras / Vosotrostrataraisyou (plural) treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrataranthey treated, you (plural formal) treated
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "tratare", meaning "I will treat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotratareI will treat
trataresyou will treat
Ella / Él / Ustedtratares/he will treat, you (formal) will treat
Nosotras / Nosotrostratáremoswe will treat
Vosotras / Vosotrostratareisyou (plural) will treat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestratarenthey will treat, you (plural formal) will treat
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya tratado", meaning "I have treated".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya tratadoI have treated
hayas tratadoyou have treated
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya tratados/he has treated, you (formal) have treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos tratadowe have treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis tratadoyou (plural) have treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan tratadothey have treated, you (plural formal) have treated
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera tratado", meaning "I had treated".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera tratadoI had treated
hubieras tratadoyou had treated
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera tratados/he had treated, you (formal) had treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos tratadowe had treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais tratadoyou (plural) had treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran tratadothey had treated, you (plural formal) had treated
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Tratar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere tratado", meaning "I will have treated".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere tratadoI will have treated
hubieres tratadoyou will have treated
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere tratados/he will have treated, you (formal) will have treated
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos tratadowe will have treated
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis tratadoyou (plural) will have treated
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren tratadothey will have treated, you (plural formal) will have treated
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Imperative Tenses of Tratar

Tratar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "trate", meaning "(to you formal) treat!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
trata(to you) treat!
Ella / Él / Ustedtrate(to you formal) treat!
Nosotras / Nosotrostratemoslet's treat!
Vosotras / Vosotrostratad(to you plural) treat!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestraten(to you plural formal) treat!
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Tratar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no trate", meaning "(to you formal) don't treat!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no trates(to you) don't treat!
Ella / Él / Ustedno trate(to you formal) don't treat!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno tratemoslet's not treat!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno tratéis(to you plural) don't treat!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno traten(to you plural formal) don't treat!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Trata de tener una actitud positiva hacia todo. Try to have a positive attitude about everything.
  • ¿Trataste de repasar las clases de inglés? Did you try to review the English lessons?
  • Me niego a que me trates como un esclavo. I refuse to be treated like a slave by you.
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Downloadable cheat sheets

Download and print a cheat sheet of tratar Spanish conjugation tables in image or PDF format:

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Practice Tratar conjugations (free mobile app)

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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out Fortalecer – to strengthen or see the complete list of verbs here.

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