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How to conjugate Trabajar in Spanish

To work Regular AR Verb Top 100

Introduction

Trabajar is the Spanish verb for "to work". It is a regular AR verb, and one of the most popular 100 Spanish verbs. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to trabajar include: currar, funcionar, resultar.

ItemSpanishEnglish
Infinitivetrabajarto work
Past participletrabajadoworked
Gerundtrabajandoworking

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Indicative Tenses of Trabajar

Trabajar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of trabajar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "trabajo en una cuidad grande", meaning "I work in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajoI work
trabajasyou work
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajas/he works, you (formal) work
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajamoswe work
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajáisyou (plural) work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajanthey work, you (plural formal) work

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Trabajar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of trabajar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "trabajé en una cuidad grande", meaning "I worked in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajéI worked
trabajasteyou worked
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajós/he worked, you (formal) worked
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajamoswe worked
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajasteisyou (plural) worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajaronthey worked, you (plural formal) worked

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Trabajar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of trabajar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "trabajaba en una cuidad grande", meaning "I used to work in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajabaI used to work
trabajabasyou used to work
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajabas/he used to work, you (formal) used to work
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajábamoswe used to work
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajabaisyou (plural) used to work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajabanthey used to work, you (plural formal) used to work

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Trabajar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of trabajar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy trabajando en una cuidad grande", meaning "I am working in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy trabajandoI am working
estás trabajandoyou are working
Ella / Él / Ustedestá trabajandos/he is working, you (formal) are working
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos trabajandowe are working
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis trabajandoyou (plural) are working
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán trabajandothey are working, you (plural formal) are working

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Trabajar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of trabajar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a trabajar en una cuidad grande", meaning "I am going to work in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a trabajarI am going to work
vas a trabajaryou are going to work
Ella / Él / Ustedva a trabajars/he is going to work, you (formal) are going to work
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a trabajarwe are going to work
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a trabajaryou (plural) are going to work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a trabajarthey are going to work, you (plural formal) are going to work

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Trabajar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of trabajar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "trabajaré en una cuidad grande", meaning "I will work in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajaréI will work
trabajarásyou will work
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajarás/he will work, you (formal) will work
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajaremoswe will work
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajaréisyou (plural) will work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajaránthey will work, you (plural formal) will work

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Trabajar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of trabajar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "trabajaría en una cuidad grande", meaning "I would work in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajaríaI would work
trabajaríasyou would work
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajarías/he would work, you (formal) would work
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajaríamoswe would work
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajaríaisyou (plural) would work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajaríanthey would work, you (plural formal) would work

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Trabajar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of trabajar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he trabajado en una cuidad grande", meaning "I have worked in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe trabajadoI have worked
has trabajadoyou have worked
Ella / Él / Ustedha trabajados/he has worked, you (formal) have worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos trabajadowe have worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis trabajadoyou (plural) have worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan trabajadothey have worked, you (plural formal) have worked

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Trabajar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of trabajar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había trabajado en una cuidad grande", meaning "I had worked in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía trabajadoI had worked
habías trabajadoyou had worked
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía trabajados/he had worked, you (formal) had worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos trabajadowe had worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais trabajadoyou (plural) had worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían trabajadothey had worked, you (plural formal) had worked

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Trabajar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of trabajar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré trabajado en una cuidad grande", meaning "I will have worked in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré trabajadoI will have worked
habrás trabajadoyou will have worked
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá trabajados/he will have worked, you (formal) will have worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos trabajadowe will have worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis trabajadoyou (plural) will have worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán trabajadothey will have worked, you (plural formal) will have worked

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Trabajar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of trabajar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría trabajado en una cuidad grande", meaning "I would have worked in a big city".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría trabajadoI would have worked
habrías trabajadoyou would have worked
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría trabajados/he would have worked, you (formal) would have worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos trabajadowe would have worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais trabajadoyou (plural) would have worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían trabajadothey would have worked, you (plural formal) would have worked

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Subjunctive Tenses of Trabajar

Trabajar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "trabaje", meaning "I work".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajeI work
trabajesyou work
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajes/he works, you (formal) work
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajemoswe work
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajéisyou (plural) work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajenthey work, you (plural formal) work

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Trabajar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "trabajara", meaning "I worked".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajaraI worked
trabajarasyou worked
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajaras/he worked, you (formal) worked
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajáramoswe worked
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajaraisyou (plural) worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajaranthey worked, you (plural formal) worked

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Trabajar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "trabajare", meaning "I will work".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotrabajareI will work
trabajaresyou will work
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabajares/he will work, you (formal) will work
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajáremoswe will work
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajareisyou (plural) will work
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajarenthey will work, you (plural formal) will work

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Trabajar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya trabajado", meaning "I have worked".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya trabajadoI have worked
hayas trabajadoyou have worked
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya trabajados/he has worked, you (formal) have worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos trabajadowe have worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis trabajadoyou (plural) have worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan trabajadothey have worked, you (plural formal) have worked

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Trabajar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera trabajado", meaning "I had worked".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera trabajadoI had worked
hubieras trabajadoyou had worked
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera trabajados/he had worked, you (formal) had worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos trabajadowe had worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais trabajadoyou (plural) had worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran trabajadothey had worked, you (plural formal) had worked

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Trabajar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere trabajado", meaning "I will have worked".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere trabajadoI will have worked
hubieres trabajadoyou will have worked
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere trabajados/he will have worked, you (formal) will have worked
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos trabajadowe will have worked
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis trabajadoyou (plural) will have worked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren trabajadothey will have worked, you (plural formal) will have worked

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Imperative Tenses of Trabajar

Trabajar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "trabaje", meaning "(to you formal) work!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
trabaja(to you) work!
Ella / Él / Ustedtrabaje(to you formal) work!
Nosotras / Nosotrostrabajemoslet's work!
Vosotras / Vosotrostrabajad(to you plural) work!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestrabajen(to you plural formal) work!

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Trabajar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no trabaje", meaning "(to you formal) don't work!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no trabajes(to you) don't work!
Ella / Él / Ustedno trabaje(to you formal) don't work!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno trabajemoslet's not work!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno trabajéis(to you plural) don't work!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno trabajen(to you plural formal) don't work!

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Example sentences and usage

  • Trabajé en una oficina de correo durante las vacaciones de verano. I worked in a post office during the summer vacation.
  • Trabajo hasta los domingos. I work even on Sunday.
  • Trabajas muy duro estos días. ¿No estás cansado? You work too hard these days. Aren't you tired?
  • ¿Has visitado alguna vez la oficina en la que trabaja tu padre? Have you ever visited the office where your father works?
  • Espero que trabajes más duro. I expect you to work harder.
  • Mientras trabajaba en un banco, enseñaba economía en una universidad. While employed at the bank, he taught economics at college.
  • La gente que trabaja regularmente en sitios abiertos no sufre de insomnio. People who regularly work in the open air do not suffer from sleeplessness.

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