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How to conjugate Toser in Spanish

To cough Regular ER Verb

Introduction

Toser is the Spanish verb for "to cough". It is a regular ER verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivetoserto cough
Past participletosidocoughed
Gerundtosiendocoughing
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Indicative Tenses of Toser

Toser in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of toser is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "toso", meaning "I cough".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotosoI cough
tosesyou cough
Ella / Él / Ustedtoses/he cough, you (formal) cough
Nosotras / Nosotrostosemoswe cough
Vosotras / Vosotrostoséisyou (plural) cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosenthey cough, you (plural formal) cough
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Toser in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of toser is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "tosí", meaning "I coughed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotosíI coughed
tosisteyou coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedtosiós/he coughed, you (formal) coughed
Nosotras / Nosotrostosimoswe coughed
Vosotras / Vosotrostosisteisyou (plural) coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosieronthey coughed, you (plural formal) coughed
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Toser in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of toser is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "tosía", meaning "I used to cough".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotosíaI used to cough
tosíasyou used to cough
Ella / Él / Ustedtosías/he used to cough, you (formal) used to cough
Nosotras / Nosotrostosíamoswe used to cough
Vosotras / Vosotrostosíaisyou (plural) used to cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosíanthey used to cough, you (plural formal) used to cough
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Toser in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of toser is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy tosiendo", meaning "I am coughing".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy tosiendoI am coughing
estás tosiendoyou are coughing
Ella / Él / Ustedestá tosiendos/he is coughing, you (formal) are coughing
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos tosiendowe are coughing
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis tosiendoyou (plural) are coughing
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán tosiendothey are coughing, you (plural formal) are coughing
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Toser in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of toser is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a toser", meaning "I am going to cough".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a toserI am going to cough
vas a toseryou are going to cough
Ella / Él / Ustedva a tosers/he is going to cough, you (formal) are going to cough
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a toserwe are going to cough
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a toseryou (plural) are going to cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a toserthey are going to cough, you (plural formal) are going to cough
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Toser in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of toser is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "toseré", meaning "I will cough".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotoseréI will cough
toserásyou will cough
Ella / Él / Ustedtoserás/he will cough, you (formal) will cough
Nosotras / Nosotrostoseremoswe will cough
Vosotras / Vosotrostoseréisyou (plural) will cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestoseránthey will cough, you (plural formal) will cough
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Toser in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of toser is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "tosería", meaning "I would cough".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotoseríaI would cough
toseríasyou would cough
Ella / Él / Ustedtoserías/he would cough, you (formal) would cough
Nosotras / Nosotrostoseríamoswe would cough
Vosotras / Vosotrostoseríaisyou (plural) would cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestoseríanthey would cough, you (plural formal) would cough
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Toser in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of toser is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he tosido", meaning "I have coughed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe tosidoI have coughed
has tosidoyou have coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedha tosidos/he has coughed, you (formal) have coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos tosidowe have coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis tosidoyou (plural) have coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan tosidothey have coughed, you (plural formal) have coughed
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Toser in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of toser is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había tosido", meaning "I had coughed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía tosidoI had coughed
habías tosidoyou had coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía tosidos/he had coughed, you (formal) had coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos tosidowe had coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais tosidoyou (plural) had coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían tosidothey had coughed, you (plural formal) had coughed
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Toser in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of toser is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré tosido", meaning "I will have coughed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré tosidoI will have coughed
habrás tosidoyou will have coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá tosidos/he will have coughed, you (formal) will have coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos tosidowe will have coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis tosidoyou (plural) will have coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán tosidothey will have coughed, you (plural formal) will have coughed
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Toser in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of toser is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría tosido", meaning "I would have coughed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría tosidoI would have coughed
habrías tosidoyou would have coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría tosidos/he would have coughed, you (formal) would have coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos tosidowe would have coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais tosidoyou (plural) would have coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían tosidothey would have coughed, you (plural formal) would have coughed
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Subjunctive Tenses of Toser

Toser in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "tosa", meaning "I cough".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotosaI cough
tosasyou cough
Ella / Él / Ustedtosas/he cough, you (formal) cough
Nosotras / Nosotrostosamoswe cough
Vosotras / Vosotrostosáisyou (plural) cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosanthey cough, you (plural formal) cough
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Toser in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "tosiera", meaning "I coughed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotosieraI coughed
tosierasyou coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedtosieras/he coughed, you (formal) coughed
Nosotras / Nosotrostosiéramoswe coughed
Vosotras / Vosotrostosieraisyou (plural) coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosieranthey coughed, you (plural formal) coughed
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Toser in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "tosiere", meaning "I will cough".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotosiereI will cough
tosieresyou will cough
Ella / Él / Ustedtosieres/he will cough, you (formal) will cough
Nosotras / Nosotrostosiéremoswe will cough
Vosotras / Vosotrostosiereisyou (plural) will cough
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosierenthey will cough, you (plural formal) will cough
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Toser in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya tosido", meaning "I have coughed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya tosidoI have coughed
hayas tosidoyou have coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya tosidos/he has coughed, you (formal) have coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos tosidowe have coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis tosidoyou (plural) have coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan tosidothey have coughed, you (plural formal) have coughed
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Toser in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera tosido", meaning "I had coughed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera tosidoI had coughed
hubieras tosidoyou had coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera tosidos/he had coughed, you (formal) had coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos tosidowe had coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais tosidoyou (plural) had coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran tosidothey had coughed, you (plural formal) had coughed
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Toser in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere tosido", meaning "I will have coughed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere tosidoI will have coughed
hubieres tosidoyou will have coughed
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere tosidos/he will have coughed, you (formal) will have coughed
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos tosidowe will have coughed
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis tosidoyou (plural) will have coughed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren tosidothey will have coughed, you (plural formal) will have coughed
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Imperative Tenses of Toser

Toser in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "tosa", meaning "(to you formal) cough!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
tose(to you) cough!
Ella / Él / Ustedtosa(to you formal) cough!
Nosotras / Nosotrostosamoslet's cough!
Vosotras / Vosotrostosed(to you plural) cough!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestosan(to you plural formal) cough!
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Toser in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no tosa", meaning "(to you formal) don't cough!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no tosas(to you) don't cough!
Ella / Él / Ustedno tosa(to you formal) don't cough!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno tosamoslet's not cough!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno tosáis(to you plural) don't cough!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno tosan(to you plural formal) don't cough!
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