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How to conjugate Tomar in Spanish

To drink, to take

Introduction

Tomar is the Spanish verb meaning "to take/ to drink". It is a regular AR verb, following all the conjugation rules for AR verbs. Tomar is another versatile verb to know, with many meanings and uses. The more important or commonly used are "to take" and to consume (food or drinks). In restaurants or bars, you may notice that the first thing a waiter may ask is "¿Algo para tomar?" (Would you like something to drink?)

Similar verbs to tomar include: beber (to drink).

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivetomarto drink, to take
Past participletomadodrunk
Gerundtomandodrinking

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Indicative Tenses of Tomar

Tomar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of tomar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "tomo 2 litros de agua", meaning "I drink 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomoI drink
tomasyou drink
Ella / Él / Ustedtomas/he drink, you (formal) drink
Nosotras / Nosotrostomamoswe drink
Vosotras / Vosotrostomáisyou (plural) drink
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomanthey drink, you (plural formal) drink
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Tomar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of tomar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "tomé 2 litros de agua", meaning "I drank 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotoméI drank
tomasteyou drank
Ella / Él / Ustedtomós/he drank, you (formal) drank
Nosotras / Nosotrostomamoswe drank
Vosotras / Vosotrostomasteisyou (plural) drank
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomaronthey drank, you (plural formal) drank
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Tomar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of tomar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "tomaba 2 litros de agua", meaning "I used to drink 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomabaI used to drink
tomabasyou used to drink
Ella / Él / Ustedtomabas/he used to drink, you (formal) used to drink
Nosotras / Nosotrostomábamoswe used to drink
Vosotras / Vosotrostomabaisyou (plural) used to drink
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomabanthey used to drink, you (plural formal) used to drink
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Tomar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of tomar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "tomaré 2 litros de agua", meaning "I will drink 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomaréI will drink
tomarásyou will drink
Ella / Él / Ustedtomarás/he will drink, you (formal) will drink
Nosotras / Nosotrostomaremoswe will drink
Vosotras / Vosotrostomaréisyou (plural) will drink
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomaránthey will drink, you (plural formal) will drink
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Tomar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of tomar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "tomaría 2 litros de agua", meaning "I would drink 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomaríaI would drink
tomaríasyou would drink
Ella / Él / Ustedtomarías/he would drink, you (formal) would drink
Nosotras / Nosotrostomaríamoswe would drink
Vosotras / Vosotrostomaríaisyou (plural) would drink
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomaríanthey would drink, you (plural formal) would drink
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Tomar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of tomar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he tomado 2 litros de agua", meaning "I have drunk 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe tomadoI have drunk
has tomadoyou have drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedha tomados/he has drunk, you (formal) have drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos tomadowe have drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis tomadoyou (plural) have drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan tomadothey have drunk, you (plural formal) have drunk
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Tomar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of tomar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había tomado 2 litros de agua", meaning "I had drunk 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía tomadoI had drunk
habías tomadoyou had drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía tomados/he had drunk, you (formal) had drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos tomadowe had drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais tomadoyou (plural) had drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían tomadothey had drunk, you (plural formal) had drunk
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Tomar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of tomar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré tomado 2 litros de agua", meaning "I will have drunk 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré tomadoI will have drunk
habrás tomadoyou will have drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá tomados/he will have drunk, you (formal) will have drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos tomadowe will have drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis tomadoyou (plural) will have drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán tomadothey will have drunk, you (plural formal) will have drunk
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Tomar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of tomar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría tomado 2 litros de agua", meaning "I would have drunk 2 litros de agua".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría tomadoI would have drunk
habrías tomadoyou would have drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría tomados/he would have drunk, you (formal) would have drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos tomadowe would have drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais tomadoyou (plural) would have drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían tomadothey would have drunk, you (plural formal) would have drunk
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Tomar

Tomar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "tome", meaning "I drink".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomeI drink
tomesyou drink
Ella / Él / Ustedtomes/he drink, you (formal) drink
Nosotras / Nosotrostomemoswe drink
Vosotras / Vosotrostoméisyou (plural) drink
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomenthey drink, you (plural formal) drink
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Tomar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "tomara", meaning "I drank".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomaraI drank
tomarasyou drank
Ella / Él / Ustedtomaras/he drank, you (formal) drank
Nosotras / Nosotrostomáramoswe drank
Vosotras / Vosotrostomaraisyou (plural) drank
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomaranthey drank, you (plural formal) drank
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Tomar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "tomare", meaning "I will drink".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotomareI will drink
tomaresyou will drink
Ella / Él / Ustedtomares/he will drink, you (formal) will drink
Nosotras / Nosotrostomáremoswe will drink
Vosotras / Vosotrostomareisyou (plural) will drink
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomarenthey will drink, you (plural formal) will drink
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Tomar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya tomado", meaning "I have drunk".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya tomadoI have drunk
hayas tomadoyou have drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya tomados/he has drunk, you (formal) have drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos tomadowe have drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis tomadoyou (plural) have drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan tomadothey have drunk, you (plural formal) have drunk
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Tomar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera tomado", meaning "I had drunk".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera tomadoI had drunk
hubieras tomadoyou had drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera tomados/he had drunk, you (formal) had drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos tomadowe had drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais tomadoyou (plural) had drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran tomadothey had drunk, you (plural formal) had drunk
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Tomar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere tomado", meaning "I will have drunk".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere tomadoI will have drunk
hubieres tomadoyou will have drunk
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere tomados/he will have drunk, you (formal) will have drunk
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos tomadowe will have drunk
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis tomadoyou (plural) will have drunk
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren tomadothey will have drunk, you (plural formal) will have drunk
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Imperative Tenses of Tomar

Tomar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "tome", meaning "(to you formal) drink!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
toma(to you) drink!
Ella / Él / Ustedtome(to you formal) drink!
Nosotras / Nosotrostomemos(to we) drink!
Vosotras / Vosotrostomad(to you plural) drink!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestomen(to you plural formal) drink!
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Tomar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no tome", meaning "(to you formal) don't drink!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no tomes(to you) don't drink!
Ella / Él / Ustedno tome(to you formal) don't drink!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno tomemos(to we) don't drink!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno toméis(to you plural) don't drink!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno tomen(to you plural formal) don't drink!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Me tomaría una eternidad explicarte todo. It would take forever for me to explain everything.
  • Si no tomas vacaciones, colapsarás. If you don't take a vacation, you'll collapse.
  • Me tomó más de dos horas traducir unas pocas páginas en inglés. It took me more than two hours to translate a few pages of English.
  • ¡Toma un libro y léelo! Take a book and read it.
  • A menos que tomes una decisión rápido, vas a perder la oportunidad. Unless you make a decision quickly, the opportunity will be lost.
  • Si no tomas vacaciones, colapsarás. If you don't take a vacation, you'll collapse.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out comenzar – to start, to commence, to begin or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

This app is great if you want to help yourself commit those vital conjugations to memory. It’s a fun, simple and effective tool to improve your Spanish fluency. All the important tenses and verbs are there. The app developers have been great at responding to feedback and giving support, too.

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