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How to conjugate Tocar in Spanish

To touch, to play (an instrument) Irregular

Introduction

Tocar is the Spanish verb for to touch, to play (an instrument). It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivetocarto touch, to play (an instrument)
Past participletocadotouched
Gerundtocandotouching

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Indicative Tenses of Tocar

Tocar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of tocar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "toco la guitarra", meaning "I touch the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotocoI touch
tocasyou touch
Ella / Él / Ustedtocas/he touch, you (formal) touch
Nosotras / Nosotrostocamoswe touch
Vosotras / Vosotrostocáisyou (plural) touch
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocanthey touch, you (plural formal) touch
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Tocar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of tocar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "toqué la guitarra", meaning "I touched the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotoquéI touched
tocasteyou touched
Ella / Él / Ustedtocós/he touched, you (formal) touched
Nosotras / Nosotrostocamoswe touched
Vosotras / Vosotrostocasteisyou (plural) touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocaronthey touched, you (plural formal) touched
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Tocar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of tocar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "tocaba la guitarra", meaning "I used to touch the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotocabaI used to touch
tocabasyou used to touch
Ella / Él / Ustedtocabas/he used to touch, you (formal) used to touch
Nosotras / Nosotrostocábamoswe used to touch
Vosotras / Vosotrostocabaisyou (plural) used to touch
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocabanthey used to touch, you (plural formal) used to touch
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Tocar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of tocar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "tocaré la guitarra", meaning "I will touch the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotocaréI will touch
tocarásyou will touch
Ella / Él / Ustedtocarás/he will touch, you (formal) will touch
Nosotras / Nosotrostocaremoswe will touch
Vosotras / Vosotrostocaréisyou (plural) will touch
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocaránthey will touch, you (plural formal) will touch
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Tocar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of tocar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "tocaría la guitarra", meaning "I would touch the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotocaríaI would touch
tocaríasyou would touch
Ella / Él / Ustedtocarías/he would touch, you (formal) would touch
Nosotras / Nosotrostocaríamoswe would touch
Vosotras / Vosotrostocaríaisyou (plural) would touch
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocaríanthey would touch, you (plural formal) would touch
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Tocar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of tocar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he tocado la guitarra", meaning "I have touched the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe tocadoI have touched
has tocadoyou have touched
Ella / Él / Ustedha tocados/he has touched, you (formal) have touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos tocadowe have touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis tocadoyou (plural) have touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan tocadothey have touched, you (plural formal) have touched
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Tocar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of tocar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había tocado la guitarra", meaning "I had touched the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía tocadoI had touched
habías tocadoyou had touched
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía tocados/he had touched, you (formal) had touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos tocadowe had touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais tocadoyou (plural) had touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían tocadothey had touched, you (plural formal) had touched
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Tocar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of tocar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré tocado la guitarra", meaning "I will have touched the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré tocadoI will have touched
habrás tocadoyou will have touched
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá tocados/he will have touched, you (formal) will have touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos tocadowe will have touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis tocadoyou (plural) will have touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán tocadothey will have touched, you (plural formal) will have touched
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Tocar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of tocar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría tocado la guitarra", meaning "I would have touched the guitar".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría tocadoI would have touched
habrías tocadoyou would have touched
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría tocados/he would have touched, you (formal) would have touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos tocadowe would have touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais tocadoyou (plural) would have touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían tocadothey would have touched, you (plural formal) would have touched
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Tocar

Tocar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "toque", meaning "I touch".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotoqueI touch
toquesyou touch
Ella / Él / Ustedtoques/he touch, you (formal) touch
Nosotras / Nosotrostoquemoswe touch
Vosotras / Vosotrostoquéisyou (plural) touch
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestoquenthey touch, you (plural formal) touch
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Tocar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "tocara", meaning "I touched".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotocaraI touched
tocarasyou touched
Ella / Él / Ustedtocaras/he touched, you (formal) touched
Nosotras / Nosotrostocáramoswe touched
Vosotras / Vosotrostocaraisyou (plural) touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocaranthey touched, you (plural formal) touched
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Tocar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "tocare", meaning "I will touch".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YotocareI will touch
tocaresyou will touch
Ella / Él / Ustedtocares/he will touch, you (formal) will touch
Nosotras / Nosotrostocáremoswe will touch
Vosotras / Vosotrostocareisyou (plural) will touch
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestocarenthey will touch, you (plural formal) will touch
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Tocar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya tocado", meaning "I have touched".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya tocadoI have touched
hayas tocadoyou have touched
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya tocados/he has touched, you (formal) have touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos tocadowe have touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis tocadoyou (plural) have touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan tocadothey have touched, you (plural formal) have touched
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Tocar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera tocado", meaning "I had touched".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera tocadoI had touched
hubieras tocadoyou had touched
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera tocados/he had touched, you (formal) had touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos tocadowe had touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais tocadoyou (plural) had touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran tocadothey had touched, you (plural formal) had touched
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Tocar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere tocado", meaning "I will have touched".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere tocadoI will have touched
hubieres tocadoyou will have touched
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere tocados/he will have touched, you (formal) will have touched
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos tocadowe will have touched
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis tocadoyou (plural) will have touched
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren tocadothey will have touched, you (plural formal) will have touched
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Imperative Tenses of Tocar

Tocar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "toque", meaning "(to you formal) touch!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
toca(to you) touch!
Ella / Él / Ustedtoque(to you formal) touch!
Nosotras / Nosotrostoquemos(to we) touch!
Vosotras / Vosotrostocad(to you plural) touch!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedestoquen(to you plural formal) touch!
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Tocar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no toque", meaning "(to you formal) don't touch!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no toques(to you) don't touch!
Ella / Él / Ustedno toque(to you formal) don't touch!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno toquemos(to we) don't touch!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno toquéis(to you plural) don't touch!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno toquen(to you plural formal) don't touch!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Él toca el piano muy bien. He plays the piano very well.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out existir – to exist or see the complete list of verbs here.

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