1. Home>
  2. verbs>
  3. sufrir

How to conjugate Sufrir in Spanish

To suffer, to sustain Regular IR Verb

Introduction

Sufrir is the Spanish verb for "to suffer, to sustain". It is a regular IR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to sufrir include: padecer, sostener.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivesufrirto suffer, to sustain
Past participlesufridosuffered
Gerundsufriendosuffering
Logo

Get detailed verb tables (with full English translation) for Sufrir and 1,500+ other verbs.

Plus lessons and interactive quizzes to help you master conjugating in Spanish. Download for free now.

4.9 out of 5 stars based on 2,426+ ratings

Indicative Tenses of Sufrir

Sufrir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of sufrir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "sufro", meaning "I suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufroI suffer
sufresyou suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedsufres/he suffer, you (formal) suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrossufrimoswe suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrossufrísyou (plural) suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufrenthey suffer, you (plural formal) suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of sufrir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "sufrí", meaning "I suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufríI suffered
sufristeyou suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedsufriós/he suffered, you (formal) suffered
Nosotras / Nosotrossufrimoswe suffered
Vosotras / Vosotrossufristeisyou (plural) suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufrieronthey suffered, you (plural formal) suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of sufrir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "sufría", meaning "I used to suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufríaI used to suffer
sufríasyou used to suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedsufrías/he used to suffer, you (formal) used to suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrossufríamoswe used to suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrossufríaisyou (plural) used to suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufríanthey used to suffer, you (plural formal) used to suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of sufrir is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy sufriendo", meaning "I am suffering".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy sufriendoI am suffering
estás sufriendoyou are suffering
Ella / Él / Ustedestá sufriendos/he is suffering, you (formal) are suffering
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos sufriendowe are suffering
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis sufriendoyou (plural) are suffering
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán sufriendothey are suffering, you (plural formal) are suffering
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of sufrir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a sufrir", meaning "I am going to suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a sufrirI am going to suffer
vas a sufriryou are going to suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedva a sufrirs/he is going to suffer, you (formal) are going to suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a sufrirwe are going to suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a sufriryou (plural) are going to suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a sufrirthey are going to suffer, you (plural formal) are going to suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of sufrir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "sufriré", meaning "I will suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufriréI will suffer
sufrirásyou will suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedsufrirás/he will suffer, you (formal) will suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrossufriremoswe will suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrossufriréisyou (plural) will suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufriránthey will suffer, you (plural formal) will suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of sufrir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "sufriría", meaning "I would suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufriríaI would suffer
sufriríasyou would suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedsufrirías/he would suffer, you (formal) would suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrossufriríamoswe would suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrossufriríaisyou (plural) would suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufriríanthey would suffer, you (plural formal) would suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of sufrir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he sufrido", meaning "I have suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe sufridoI have suffered
has sufridoyou have suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedha sufridos/he has suffered, you (formal) have suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos sufridowe have suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis sufridoyou (plural) have suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan sufridothey have suffered, you (plural formal) have suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of sufrir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había sufrido", meaning "I had suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía sufridoI had suffered
habías sufridoyou had suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía sufridos/he had suffered, you (formal) had suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos sufridowe had suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais sufridoyou (plural) had suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían sufridothey had suffered, you (plural formal) had suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of sufrir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré sufrido", meaning "I will have suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré sufridoI will have suffered
habrás sufridoyou will have suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá sufridos/he will have suffered, you (formal) will have suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos sufridowe will have suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis sufridoyou (plural) will have suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán sufridothey will have suffered, you (plural formal) will have suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of sufrir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría sufrido", meaning "I would have suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría sufridoI would have suffered
habrías sufridoyou would have suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría sufridos/he would have suffered, you (formal) would have suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos sufridowe would have suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais sufridoyou (plural) would have suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían sufridothey would have suffered, you (plural formal) would have suffered
Back to top
Logo

Get detailed verb tables (with full English translation) for Sufrir and 1,500+ other verbs.

Plus lessons and interactive quizzes to help you master conjugating in Spanish. Download for free now.

4.9 out of 5 stars based on 2,426+ ratings

Subjunctive Tenses of Sufrir

Sufrir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "sufra", meaning "I suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufraI suffer
sufrasyou suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedsufras/he suffer, you (formal) suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrossuframoswe suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrossufráisyou (plural) suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufranthey suffer, you (plural formal) suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "sufriera", meaning "I suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufrieraI suffered
sufrierasyou suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedsufrieras/he suffered, you (formal) suffered
Nosotras / Nosotrossufriéramoswe suffered
Vosotras / Vosotrossufrieraisyou (plural) suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufrieranthey suffered, you (plural formal) suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "sufriere", meaning "I will suffer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosufriereI will suffer
sufrieresyou will suffer
Ella / Él / Ustedsufrieres/he will suffer, you (formal) will suffer
Nosotras / Nosotrossufriéremoswe will suffer
Vosotras / Vosotrossufriereisyou (plural) will suffer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufrierenthey will suffer, you (plural formal) will suffer
Back to top

Sufrir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya sufrido", meaning "I have suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya sufridoI have suffered
hayas sufridoyou have suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya sufridos/he has suffered, you (formal) have suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos sufridowe have suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis sufridoyou (plural) have suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan sufridothey have suffered, you (plural formal) have suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera sufrido", meaning "I had suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera sufridoI had suffered
hubieras sufridoyou had suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera sufridos/he had suffered, you (formal) had suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos sufridowe had suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais sufridoyou (plural) had suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran sufridothey had suffered, you (plural formal) had suffered
Back to top

Sufrir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere sufrido", meaning "I will have suffered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere sufridoI will have suffered
hubieres sufridoyou will have suffered
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere sufridos/he will have suffered, you (formal) will have suffered
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos sufridowe will have suffered
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis sufridoyou (plural) will have suffered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren sufridothey will have suffered, you (plural formal) will have suffered
Back to top
Logo

Get detailed verb tables (with full English translation) for Sufrir and 1,500+ other verbs.

Plus lessons and interactive quizzes to help you master conjugating in Spanish. Download for free now.

4.9 out of 5 stars based on 2,426+ ratings

Imperative Tenses of Sufrir

Sufrir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "sufra", meaning "(to you formal) suffer!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
sufre(to you) suffer!
Ella / Él / Ustedsufra(to you formal) suffer!
Nosotras / Nosotrossuframoslet's suffer!
Vosotras / Vosotrossufrid(to you plural) suffer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessufran(to you plural formal) suffer!
Back to top

Sufrir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no sufra", meaning "(to you formal) don't suffer!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no sufras(to you) don't suffer!
Ella / Él / Ustedno sufra(to you formal) don't suffer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno suframoslet's not suffer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno sufráis(to you plural) don't suffer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno sufran(to you plural formal) don't suffer!
Back to top

Practice Sufrir conjugations (free mobile app)

Get full conjugation tables for Sufrir and 1,500+ other verbs on-the-go with Ella Verbs for iOS and Android.

We also guide you through learning all Spanish tenses and test your knowledge with conjugation quizzes. Download it for free!

verb-library.png conjugation-empezar-1.png
4.9 out of 5 stars based on 2,426+ ratings
Back to top

About Ella Verbs

👋 Hola! We built Ella Verbs to help people (and ourselves!) master one of the hardest parts of Spanish – verb conjugation. It guides you through learning all tenses in an easy-to-follow way, giving you levels of bite-sized lessons and fun quizzes. Here is a 6 minute overview of all of the app's features:

It has changed a lot over the 4+ years we have been working on it, but the goal remains the same – to help you master Spanish conjugation! You can download and try it for free, and, if you do, please send any and all feedback our way!

- Jane & Brian

4.9 out of 5 stars based on 2,426+ ratings
Back to top

Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out Llegar – to arrive, to come, to reach or see the complete list of verbs here.

Back to top
Logo

Download for free now

Join 50,000+ others and start mastering Spanish conjugation today.

4.9 out of 5 stars based on 2,426+ ratings

Great program that has and is helping me immensely. Four years [studying Spanish] and after just a couple of days with this app I finally am 'getting' the verb thing into my head. After the first couple of lessons I finally feel comfortable conversing with the natives here in Panama. I still have a long way to go but this application was the key for me. Thank you!

Google Play Store