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How to conjugate Sorprender in Spanish

To surprise Regular ER Verb

Introduction

Sorprender is the Spanish verb for "to surprise". It is a regular ER verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivesorprenderto surprise
Past participlesorprendidosurprised
Gerundsorprendiendosurprising
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Indicative Tenses of Sorprender

Sorprender in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of sorprender is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "sorprendo", meaning "I surprise".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprendoI surprise
Túsorprendesyou surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprendes/he surprise, you (formal) surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendemoswe surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprendéisyou (plural) surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendenthey surprise, you (plural formal) surprise
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Sorprender in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of sorprender is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "sorprendí", meaning "I surprised".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprendíI surprised
Túsorprendisteyou surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprendiós/he surprised, you (formal) surprised
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendimoswe surprised
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprendisteisyou (plural) surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendieronthey surprised, you (plural formal) surprised
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Sorprender in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of sorprender is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "sorprendía", meaning "I used to surprise".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprendíaI used to surprise
Túsorprendíasyou used to surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprendías/he used to surprise, you (formal) used to surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendíamoswe used to surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprendíaisyou (plural) used to surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendíanthey used to surprise, you (plural formal) used to surprise
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Sorprender in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of sorprender is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy sorprendiendo", meaning "I am surprising".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy sorprendiendoI am surprising
Túestás sorprendiendoyou are surprising
Ella / Él / Ustedestá sorprendiendos/he is surprising, you (formal) are surprising
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos sorprendiendowe are surprising
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis sorprendiendoyou (plural) are surprising
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán sorprendiendothey are surprising, you (plural formal) are surprising
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Sorprender in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of sorprender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a sorprender", meaning "I am going to surprise".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a sorprenderI am going to surprise
Túvas a sorprenderyou are going to surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedva a sorprenders/he is going to surprise, you (formal) are going to surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a sorprenderwe are going to surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a sorprenderyou (plural) are going to surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a sorprenderthey are going to surprise, you (plural formal) are going to surprise
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Sorprender in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of sorprender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "sorprenderé", meaning "I will surprise".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprenderéI will surprise
Túsorprenderásyou will surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprenderás/he will surprise, you (formal) will surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprenderemoswe will surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprenderéisyou (plural) will surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprenderánthey will surprise, you (plural formal) will surprise
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Sorprender in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of sorprender is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "sorprendería", meaning "I would surprise".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprenderíaI would surprise
Túsorprenderíasyou would surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprenderías/he would surprise, you (formal) would surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprenderíamoswe would surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprenderíaisyou (plural) would surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprenderíanthey would surprise, you (plural formal) would surprise
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Sorprender in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of sorprender is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he sorprendido", meaning "I have surprised".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe sorprendidoI have surprised
Túhas sorprendidoyou have surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedha sorprendidos/he has surprised, you (formal) have surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos sorprendidowe have surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis sorprendidoyou (plural) have surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan sorprendidothey have surprised, you (plural formal) have surprised
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Sorprender in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of sorprender is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había sorprendido", meaning "I had surprised".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía sorprendidoI had surprised
Túhabías sorprendidoyou had surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía sorprendidos/he had surprised, you (formal) had surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos sorprendidowe had surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais sorprendidoyou (plural) had surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían sorprendidothey had surprised, you (plural formal) had surprised
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Sorprender in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of sorprender is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré sorprendido", meaning "I will have surprised".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré sorprendidoI will have surprised
Túhabrás sorprendidoyou will have surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá sorprendidos/he will have surprised, you (formal) will have surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos sorprendidowe will have surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis sorprendidoyou (plural) will have surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán sorprendidothey will have surprised, you (plural formal) will have surprised
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Sorprender in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of sorprender is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría sorprendido", meaning "I would have surprised".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría sorprendidoI would have surprised
Túhabrías sorprendidoyou would have surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría sorprendidos/he would have surprised, you (formal) would have surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos sorprendidowe would have surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais sorprendidoyou (plural) would have surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían sorprendidothey would have surprised, you (plural formal) would have surprised
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Subjunctive Tenses of Sorprender

Sorprender in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "sorprenda", meaning "I surprise".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprendaI surprise
Túsorprendasyou surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprendas/he surprise, you (formal) surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendamoswe surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprendáisyou (plural) surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendanthey surprise, you (plural formal) surprise
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Sorprender in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "sorprendiera", meaning "I surprised".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprendieraI surprised
Túsorprendierasyou surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprendieras/he surprised, you (formal) surprised
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendiéramoswe surprised
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprendieraisyou (plural) surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendieranthey surprised, you (plural formal) surprised
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Sorprender in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "sorprendiere", meaning "I will surprise".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosorprendiereI will surprise
Túsorprendieresyou will surprise
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprendieres/he will surprise, you (formal) will surprise
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendiéremoswe will surprise
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprendiereisyou (plural) will surprise
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendierenthey will surprise, you (plural formal) will surprise
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Sorprender in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya sorprendido", meaning "I have surprised".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya sorprendidoI have surprised
Túhayas sorprendidoyou have surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya sorprendidos/he has surprised, you (formal) have surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos sorprendidowe have surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis sorprendidoyou (plural) have surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan sorprendidothey have surprised, you (plural formal) have surprised
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Sorprender in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera sorprendido", meaning "I had surprised".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera sorprendidoI had surprised
Túhubieras sorprendidoyou had surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera sorprendidos/he had surprised, you (formal) had surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos sorprendidowe had surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais sorprendidoyou (plural) had surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran sorprendidothey had surprised, you (plural formal) had surprised
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Sorprender in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere sorprendido", meaning "I will have surprised".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere sorprendidoI will have surprised
Túhubieres sorprendidoyou will have surprised
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere sorprendidos/he will have surprised, you (formal) will have surprised
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos sorprendidowe will have surprised
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis sorprendidoyou (plural) will have surprised
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren sorprendidothey will have surprised, you (plural formal) will have surprised
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Imperative Tenses of Sorprender

Sorprender in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "sorprenda", meaning "(to you formal) surprise!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túsorprende(to you) surprise!
Ella / Él / Ustedsorprenda(to you formal) surprise!
Nosotras / Nosotrossorprendamoslet's surprise!
Vosotras / Vosotrossorprended(to you plural) surprise!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessorprendan(to you plural formal) surprise!
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Sorprender in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no sorprenda", meaning "(to you formal) don't surprise!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno sorprendas(to you) don't surprise!
Ella / Él / Ustedno sorprenda(to you formal) don't surprise!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno sorprendamoslet's not surprise!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno sorprendáis(to you plural) don't surprise!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno sorprendan(to you plural formal) don't surprise!
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