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How to conjugate Sonar in Spanish

To sound, to ring Irregular Verb

Introduction

Sonar is the Spanish verb for "to sound, to ring". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivesonarto sound, to ring
Past participlesonadosounded
Gerundsonandosounding
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Indicative Tenses of Sonar

Sonar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of sonar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "sueno", meaning "I sound".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yosueno I sound
Túsuenas you sound
Ella / Él / Ustedsuena s/he sounds, you (formal) sounds
Nosotras / Nosotrossonamoswe sound
Vosotras / Vosotrossonáisyou (plural) sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessuenan they sound, you (plural formal) sound

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Sonar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of sonar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "soné", meaning "I sounded".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosonéI sounded
Túsonasteyou sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedsonós/he sounded, you (formal) sounded
Nosotras / Nosotrossonamoswe sounded
Vosotras / Vosotrossonasteisyou (plural) sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessonaronthey sounded, you (plural formal) sounded
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Sonar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of sonar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "sonaba", meaning "I used to sound".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosonabaI used to sound
Túsonabasyou used to sound
Ella / Él / Ustedsonabas/he used to sound, you (formal) used to sound
Nosotras / Nosotrossonábamoswe used to sound
Vosotras / Vosotrossonabaisyou (plural) used to sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessonabanthey used to sound, you (plural formal) used to sound
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Sonar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of sonar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy sonando", meaning "I am sounding".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy sonandoI am sounding
Túestás sonandoyou are sounding
Ella / Él / Ustedestá sonandos/he is sounding, you (formal) are sounding
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos sonandowe are sounding
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis sonandoyou (plural) are sounding
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán sonandothey are sounding, you (plural formal) are sounding
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Sonar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of sonar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a sonar", meaning "I am going to sound".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a sonarI am going to sound
Túvas a sonaryou are going to sound
Ella / Él / Ustedva a sonars/he is going to sound, you (formal) are going to sound
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a sonarwe are going to sound
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a sonaryou (plural) are going to sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a sonarthey are going to sound, you (plural formal) are going to sound
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Sonar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of sonar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "sonaré", meaning "I will sound".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosonaréI will sound
Túsonarásyou will sound
Ella / Él / Ustedsonarás/he will sound, you (formal) will sound
Nosotras / Nosotrossonaremoswe will sound
Vosotras / Vosotrossonaréisyou (plural) will sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessonaránthey will sound, you (plural formal) will sound
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Sonar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of sonar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "sonaría", meaning "I would sound".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosonaríaI would sound
Túsonaríasyou would sound
Ella / Él / Ustedsonarías/he would sound, you (formal) would sound
Nosotras / Nosotrossonaríamoswe would sound
Vosotras / Vosotrossonaríaisyou (plural) would sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessonaríanthey would sound, you (plural formal) would sound
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Sonar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of sonar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he sonado", meaning "I have sounded".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe sonadoI have sounded
Túhas sonadoyou have sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedha sonados/he has sounded, you (formal) have sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos sonadowe have sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis sonadoyou (plural) have sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan sonadothey have sounded, you (plural formal) have sounded
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Sonar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of sonar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había sonado", meaning "I had sounded".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía sonadoI had sounded
Túhabías sonadoyou had sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía sonados/he had sounded, you (formal) had sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos sonadowe had sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais sonadoyou (plural) had sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían sonadothey had sounded, you (plural formal) had sounded
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Sonar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of sonar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré sonado", meaning "I will have sounded".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré sonadoI will have sounded
Túhabrás sonadoyou will have sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá sonados/he will have sounded, you (formal) will have sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos sonadowe will have sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis sonadoyou (plural) will have sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán sonadothey will have sounded, you (plural formal) will have sounded
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Sonar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of sonar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría sonado", meaning "I would have sounded".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría sonadoI would have sounded
Túhabrías sonadoyou would have sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría sonados/he would have sounded, you (formal) would have sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos sonadowe would have sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais sonadoyou (plural) would have sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían sonadothey would have sounded, you (plural formal) would have sounded
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Subjunctive Tenses of Sonar

Sonar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "suene", meaning "I sound".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yosuene I sound
Túsuenes you sound
Ella / Él / Ustedsuene s/he sounds, you (formal) sounds
Nosotras / Nosotrossonemoswe sound
Vosotras / Vosotrossonéisyou (plural) sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessuenen they sound, you (plural formal) sound

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Sonar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "sonara", meaning "I sounded".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosonaraI sounded
Túsonarasyou sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedsonaras/he sounded, you (formal) sounded
Nosotras / Nosotrossonáramoswe sounded
Vosotras / Vosotrossonaraisyou (plural) sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessonaranthey sounded, you (plural formal) sounded
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Sonar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "sonare", meaning "I will sound".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosonareI will sound
Túsonaresyou will sound
Ella / Él / Ustedsonares/he will sound, you (formal) will sound
Nosotras / Nosotrossonáremoswe will sound
Vosotras / Vosotrossonareisyou (plural) will sound
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessonarenthey will sound, you (plural formal) will sound
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Sonar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya sonado", meaning "I have sounded".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya sonadoI have sounded
Túhayas sonadoyou have sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya sonados/he has sounded, you (formal) have sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos sonadowe have sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis sonadoyou (plural) have sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan sonadothey have sounded, you (plural formal) have sounded
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Sonar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera sonado", meaning "I had sounded".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera sonadoI had sounded
Túhubieras sonadoyou had sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera sonados/he had sounded, you (formal) had sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos sonadowe had sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais sonadoyou (plural) had sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran sonadothey had sounded, you (plural formal) had sounded
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Sonar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere sonado", meaning "I will have sounded".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere sonadoI will have sounded
Túhubieres sonadoyou will have sounded
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere sonados/he will have sounded, you (formal) will have sounded
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos sonadowe will have sounded
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis sonadoyou (plural) will have sounded
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren sonadothey will have sounded, you (plural formal) will have sounded
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Imperative Tenses of Sonar

Sonar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "suene", meaning "(to you formal) sound!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túsuena (to you) sound!
Ella / Él / Ustedsuene (to you formal) sound!
Nosotras / Nosotrossonemoslet's sound!
Vosotras / Vosotrossonad(to you plural) sound!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessuenen (to you plural formal) sound!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Sonar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no suene", meaning "(to you formal) don't sound!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno suenes (to you) don't sound!
Ella / Él / Ustedno suene (to you formal) don't sound!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno sonemoslet's not sound!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno sonéis(to you plural) don't sound!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno suenen (to you plural formal) don't sound!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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