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How to conjugate Servir in Spanish

To serve Irregular

Introduction

Servir is the Spanish verb for to serve. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveservirto serve
Past participleservidoserved
Gerundsirviendoserving

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Indicative Tenses of Servir

Servir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of servir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "sirvo", meaning "I serve".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosirvoI serve
sirvesyou serve
Ella / Él / Ustedsirves/he serve, you (formal) serve
Nosotras / Nosotrosservimoswe serve
Vosotras / Vosotrosservísyou (plural) serve
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessirventhey serve, you (plural formal) serve
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Servir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of servir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "serví", meaning "I served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoservíI served
servisteyou served
Ella / Él / Ustedsirviós/he served, you (formal) served
Nosotras / Nosotrosservimoswe served
Vosotras / Vosotrosservisteisyou (plural) served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessirvieronthey served, you (plural formal) served
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Servir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of servir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "servía", meaning "I used to serve".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoservíaI used to serve
servíasyou used to serve
Ella / Él / Ustedservías/he used to serve, you (formal) used to serve
Nosotras / Nosotrosservíamoswe used to serve
Vosotras / Vosotrosservíaisyou (plural) used to serve
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesservíanthey used to serve, you (plural formal) used to serve
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Servir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of servir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "serviré", meaning "I will serve".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoserviréI will serve
servirásyou will serve
Ella / Él / Ustedservirás/he will serve, you (formal) will serve
Nosotras / Nosotrosserviremoswe will serve
Vosotras / Vosotrosserviréisyou (plural) will serve
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesserviránthey will serve, you (plural formal) will serve
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Servir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of servir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "serviría", meaning "I would serve".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoserviríaI would serve
serviríasyou would serve
Ella / Él / Ustedservirías/he would serve, you (formal) would serve
Nosotras / Nosotrosserviríamoswe would serve
Vosotras / Vosotrosserviríaisyou (plural) would serve
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesserviríanthey would serve, you (plural formal) would serve
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Servir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of servir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he servido", meaning "I have served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe servidoI have served
has servidoyou have served
Ella / Él / Ustedha servidos/he has served, you (formal) have served
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos servidowe have served
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis servidoyou (plural) have served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan servidothey have served, you (plural formal) have served
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Servir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of servir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había servido", meaning "I had served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía servidoI had served
habías servidoyou had served
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía servidos/he had served, you (formal) had served
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos servidowe had served
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais servidoyou (plural) had served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían servidothey had served, you (plural formal) had served
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Servir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of servir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré servido", meaning "I will have served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré servidoI will have served
habrás servidoyou will have served
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá servidos/he will have served, you (formal) will have served
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos servidowe will have served
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis servidoyou (plural) will have served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán servidothey will have served, you (plural formal) will have served
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Servir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of servir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría servido", meaning "I would have served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría servidoI would have served
habrías servidoyou would have served
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría servidos/he would have served, you (formal) would have served
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos servidowe would have served
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais servidoyou (plural) would have served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían servidothey would have served, you (plural formal) would have served
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Subjunctive Tenses of Servir

Servir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "sirva", meaning "I serve".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosirvaI serve
sirvasyou serve
Ella / Él / Ustedsirvas/he serve, you (formal) serve
Nosotras / Nosotrossirvamoswe serve
Vosotras / Vosotrossirváisyou (plural) serve
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessirvanthey serve, you (plural formal) serve
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Servir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "sirviera", meaning "I served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosirvieraI served
sirvierasyou served
Ella / Él / Ustedsirvieras/he served, you (formal) served
Nosotras / Nosotrossirviéramoswe served
Vosotras / Vosotrossirvieraisyou (plural) served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessirvieranthey served, you (plural formal) served
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Servir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "sirviere", meaning "I will serve".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosirviereI will serve
sirvieresyou will serve
Ella / Él / Ustedsirvieres/he will serve, you (formal) will serve
Nosotras / Nosotrossirviéremoswe will serve
Vosotras / Vosotrossirviereisyou (plural) will serve
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessirvierenthey will serve, you (plural formal) will serve
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Servir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya servido", meaning "I have served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya servidoI have served
hayas servidoyou have served
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya servidos/he has served, you (formal) have served
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos servidowe have served
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis servidoyou (plural) have served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan servidothey have served, you (plural formal) have served
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Servir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera servido", meaning "I had served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera servidoI had served
hubieras servidoyou had served
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera servidos/he had served, you (formal) had served
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos servidowe had served
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais servidoyou (plural) had served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran servidothey had served, you (plural formal) had served
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Servir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere servido", meaning "I will have served".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere servidoI will have served
hubieres servidoyou will have served
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere servidos/he will have served, you (formal) will have served
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos servidowe will have served
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis servidoyou (plural) will have served
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren servidothey will have served, you (plural formal) will have served
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Imperative Tenses of Servir

Servir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "sirva", meaning "(to you formal) serve!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
sirve(to you) serve!
Ella / Él / Ustedsirva(to you formal) serve!
Nosotras / Nosotrossirvamos(to we) serve!
Vosotras / Vosotrosservid(to you plural) serve!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessirvan(to you plural formal) serve!
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Servir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no sirva", meaning "(to you formal) don't serve!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no sirvas(to you) don't serve!
Ella / Él / Ustedno sirva(to you formal) don't serve!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno sirvamos(to we) don't serve!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno sirváis(to you plural) don't serve!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno sirvan(to you plural formal) don't serve!
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Example sentences and usage

  • No servirá de nada seguir pensando. It's useless to keep on thinking any more.
  • Llorar no sirve de nada. Crying is of no avail.
  • La cena se servirá a bordo del avión. Dinner will be served on board the plane.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out escribir – to write or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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