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How to conjugate Saber in Spanish

To know (things) Irregular

Introduction

Saber is the Spanish verb meaning "to know" (things). It is mostly used to portray knowledge - for example: "I speak Spanish" and "I know all the capital cities in Europe". It can also be used to express taste; for example: "The cake tastes like chocolate and orange". Saber is not to be confused with Conocer, also meaning "to know" but used in different situations.

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivesaberto know (things)
Past participlesabidoknown
Gerundsabiendoknowing

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Indicative Tenses of Saber

Saber in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of saber is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "sé español", meaning "I know Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoI know
sabesyou know
Ella / Él / Ustedsabes/he know, you (formal) know
Nosotras / Nosotrossabemoswe know
Vosotras / Vosotrossabéisyou (plural) know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessabenthey know, you (plural formal) know
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Saber in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of saber is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "supe español", meaning "I knew Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosupeI knew
supisteyou knew
Ella / Él / Ustedsupos/he knew, you (formal) knew
Nosotras / Nosotrossupimoswe knew
Vosotras / Vosotrossupisteisyou (plural) knew
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessupieronthey knew, you (plural formal) knew
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Saber in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of saber is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "sabía español", meaning "I used to know Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosabíaI used to know
sabíasyou used to know
Ella / Él / Ustedsabías/he used to know, you (formal) used to know
Nosotras / Nosotrossabíamoswe used to know
Vosotras / Vosotrossabíaisyou (plural) used to know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessabíanthey used to know, you (plural formal) used to know
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Saber in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of saber is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "sabré español", meaning "I will know Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosabréI will know
sabrásyou will know
Ella / Él / Ustedsabrás/he will know, you (formal) will know
Nosotras / Nosotrossabremoswe will know
Vosotras / Vosotrossabréisyou (plural) will know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessabránthey will know, you (plural formal) will know
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Saber in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of saber is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "sabría español", meaning "I would know Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosabríaI would know
sabríasyou would know
Ella / Él / Ustedsabrías/he would know, you (formal) would know
Nosotras / Nosotrossabríamoswe would know
Vosotras / Vosotrossabríaisyou (plural) would know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessabríanthey would know, you (plural formal) would know
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Saber in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of saber is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he sabido español", meaning "I have known Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe sabidoI have known
has sabidoyou have known
Ella / Él / Ustedha sabidos/he has known, you (formal) have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos sabidowe have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis sabidoyou (plural) have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan sabidothey have known, you (plural formal) have known
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Saber in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of saber is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había sabido español", meaning "I had known Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía sabidoI had known
habías sabidoyou had known
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía sabidos/he had known, you (formal) had known
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos sabidowe had known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais sabidoyou (plural) had known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían sabidothey had known, you (plural formal) had known
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Saber in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of saber is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré sabido español", meaning "I will have known Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré sabidoI will have known
habrás sabidoyou will have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá sabidos/he will have known, you (formal) will have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos sabidowe will have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis sabidoyou (plural) will have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán sabidothey will have known, you (plural formal) will have known
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Saber in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of saber is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría sabido español", meaning "I would have known Spanish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría sabidoI would have known
habrías sabidoyou would have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría sabidos/he would have known, you (formal) would have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos sabidowe would have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais sabidoyou (plural) would have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían sabidothey would have known, you (plural formal) would have known
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Subjunctive Tenses of Saber

Saber in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "sepa", meaning "I know".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosepaI know
sepasyou know
Ella / Él / Ustedsepas/he know, you (formal) know
Nosotras / Nosotrossepamoswe know
Vosotras / Vosotrossepáisyou (plural) know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessepanthey know, you (plural formal) know
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Saber in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "supiera", meaning "I knew".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosupieraI knew
supierasyou knew
Ella / Él / Ustedsupieras/he knew, you (formal) knew
Nosotras / Nosotrossupiéramoswe knew
Vosotras / Vosotrossupieraisyou (plural) knew
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessupieranthey knew, you (plural formal) knew
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Saber in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "supiere", meaning "I will know".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YosupiereI will know
supieresyou will know
Ella / Él / Ustedsupieres/he will know, you (formal) will know
Nosotras / Nosotrossupiéremoswe will know
Vosotras / Vosotrossupiereisyou (plural) will know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessupierenthey will know, you (plural formal) will know
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Saber in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya sabido", meaning "I have known".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya sabidoI have known
hayas sabidoyou have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya sabidos/he has known, you (formal) have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos sabidowe have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis sabidoyou (plural) have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan sabidothey have known, you (plural formal) have known
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Saber in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera sabido", meaning "I had known".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera sabidoI had known
hubieras sabidoyou had known
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera sabidos/he had known, you (formal) had known
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos sabidowe had known
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais sabidoyou (plural) had known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran sabidothey had known, you (plural formal) had known
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Saber in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere sabido", meaning "I will have known".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere sabidoI will have known
hubieres sabidoyou will have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere sabidos/he will have known, you (formal) will have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos sabidowe will have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis sabidoyou (plural) will have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren sabidothey will have known, you (plural formal) will have known
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Imperative Tenses of Saber

Saber in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "sepa", meaning "(to you formal) know!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
sabe(to you) know!
Ella / Él / Ustedsepa(to you formal) know!
Nosotras / Nosotrossepamos(to we) know!
Vosotras / Vosotrossabed(to you plural) know!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedessepan(to you plural formal) know!
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Saber in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no sepa", meaning "(to you formal) don't know!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no sepas(to you) don't know!
Ella / Él / Ustedno sepa(to you formal) don't know!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno sepamos(to we) don't know!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno sepáis(to you plural) don't know!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno sepan(to you plural formal) don't know!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Simplemente no sé qué decir... I just don't know what to say.
  • No sabía de dónde venía eso. I didn't know where it came from.
  • ¡¿Cómo que no sabes?! What do you mean you don't know?!
  • ¡No te preocupes, sé feliz! Don't worry, be happy!
  • Yo sabía que hoy sería divertido. I knew that today would be fun.
  • ¿De casualidad sabes dónde dejé mis llaves? Any chance you know where I put my keys?
  • Ni siquiera saben por qué. They don't even know why.
  • ¿Sabes montar a caballo? Can you ride a horse?
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out ir – to go or see the complete list of verbs here.

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