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How to conjugate Responder in Spanish

To answer, to respond Regular ER Verb

Introduction

Responder is the Spanish verb for "to answer, to respond". It is a regular ER verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to responder include: contestar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveresponderto answer, to respond
Past participlerespondidoanswered
Gerundrespondiendoanswering
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Indicative Tenses of Responder

Responder in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of responder is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "respondo", meaning "I answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YorespondoI answer
respondesyou answer
Ella / Él / Ustedrespondes/he answer, you (formal) answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondemoswe answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosrespondéisyou (plural) answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondenthey answer, you (plural formal) answer
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Responder in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of responder is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "respondí", meaning "I answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YorespondíI answered
respondisteyou answered
Ella / Él / Ustedrespondiós/he answered, you (formal) answered
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondimoswe answered
Vosotras / Vosotrosrespondisteisyou (plural) answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondieronthey answered, you (plural formal) answered
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Responder in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of responder is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "respondía", meaning "I used to answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YorespondíaI used to answer
respondíasyou used to answer
Ella / Él / Ustedrespondías/he used to answer, you (formal) used to answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondíamoswe used to answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosrespondíaisyou (plural) used to answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondíanthey used to answer, you (plural formal) used to answer
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Responder in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of responder is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy respondiendo", meaning "I am answering".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy respondiendoI am answering
estás respondiendoyou are answering
Ella / Él / Ustedestá respondiendos/he is answering, you (formal) are answering
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos respondiendowe are answering
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis respondiendoyou (plural) are answering
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán respondiendothey are answering, you (plural formal) are answering
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Responder in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of responder is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a responder", meaning "I am going to answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a responderI am going to answer
vas a responderyou are going to answer
Ella / Él / Ustedva a responders/he is going to answer, you (formal) are going to answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a responderwe are going to answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a responderyou (plural) are going to answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a responderthey are going to answer, you (plural formal) are going to answer
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Responder in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of responder is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "responderé", meaning "I will answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoresponderéI will answer
responderásyou will answer
Ella / Él / Ustedresponderás/he will answer, you (formal) will answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosresponderemoswe will answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosresponderéisyou (plural) will answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesresponderánthey will answer, you (plural formal) will answer
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Responder in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of responder is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "respondería", meaning "I would answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoresponderíaI would answer
responderíasyou would answer
Ella / Él / Ustedresponderías/he would answer, you (formal) would answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosresponderíamoswe would answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosresponderíaisyou (plural) would answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesresponderíanthey would answer, you (plural formal) would answer
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Responder in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of responder is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he respondido", meaning "I have answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe respondidoI have answered
has respondidoyou have answered
Ella / Él / Ustedha respondidos/he has answered, you (formal) have answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos respondidowe have answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis respondidoyou (plural) have answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan respondidothey have answered, you (plural formal) have answered
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Responder in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of responder is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había respondido", meaning "I had answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía respondidoI had answered
habías respondidoyou had answered
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía respondidos/he had answered, you (formal) had answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos respondidowe had answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais respondidoyou (plural) had answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían respondidothey had answered, you (plural formal) had answered
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Responder in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of responder is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré respondido", meaning "I will have answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré respondidoI will have answered
habrás respondidoyou will have answered
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá respondidos/he will have answered, you (formal) will have answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos respondidowe will have answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis respondidoyou (plural) will have answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán respondidothey will have answered, you (plural formal) will have answered
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Responder in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of responder is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría respondido", meaning "I would have answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría respondidoI would have answered
habrías respondidoyou would have answered
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría respondidos/he would have answered, you (formal) would have answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos respondidowe would have answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais respondidoyou (plural) would have answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían respondidothey would have answered, you (plural formal) would have answered
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Subjunctive Tenses of Responder

Responder in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "responda", meaning "I answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YorespondaI answer
respondasyou answer
Ella / Él / Ustedrespondas/he answer, you (formal) answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondamoswe answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosrespondáisyou (plural) answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondanthey answer, you (plural formal) answer
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Responder in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "respondiera", meaning "I answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YorespondieraI answered
respondierasyou answered
Ella / Él / Ustedrespondieras/he answered, you (formal) answered
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondiéramoswe answered
Vosotras / Vosotrosrespondieraisyou (plural) answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondieranthey answered, you (plural formal) answered
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Responder in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "respondiere", meaning "I will answer".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YorespondiereI will answer
respondieresyou will answer
Ella / Él / Ustedrespondieres/he will answer, you (formal) will answer
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondiéremoswe will answer
Vosotras / Vosotrosrespondiereisyou (plural) will answer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondierenthey will answer, you (plural formal) will answer
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Responder in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya respondido", meaning "I have answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya respondidoI have answered
hayas respondidoyou have answered
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya respondidos/he has answered, you (formal) have answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos respondidowe have answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis respondidoyou (plural) have answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan respondidothey have answered, you (plural formal) have answered
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Responder in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera respondido", meaning "I had answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera respondidoI had answered
hubieras respondidoyou had answered
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera respondidos/he had answered, you (formal) had answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos respondidowe had answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais respondidoyou (plural) had answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran respondidothey had answered, you (plural formal) had answered
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Responder in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere respondido", meaning "I will have answered".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere respondidoI will have answered
hubieres respondidoyou will have answered
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere respondidos/he will have answered, you (formal) will have answered
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos respondidowe will have answered
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis respondidoyou (plural) will have answered
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren respondidothey will have answered, you (plural formal) will have answered
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Imperative Tenses of Responder

Responder in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "responda", meaning "(to you formal) answer!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
responde(to you) answer!
Ella / Él / Ustedresponda(to you formal) answer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosrespondamoslet's answer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosresponded(to you plural) answer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrespondan(to you plural formal) answer!
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Responder in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no responda", meaning "(to you formal) don't answer!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no respondas(to you) don't answer!
Ella / Él / Ustedno responda(to you formal) don't answer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno respondamoslet's not answer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno respondáis(to you plural) don't answer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno respondan(to you plural formal) don't answer!
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out Suponer – to suppose, to guess or see the complete list of verbs here.

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