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How to conjugate Referirse in Spanish

To refer (to oneself) Irregular Verb

Introduction

Referirse is the Spanish verb for "to refer (to oneself)". It is an irregular reflexive verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivereferirseto refer (to oneself)
Past participlereferidoreferred
Gerundrefiriendoreferring
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Indicative Tenses of Referirse

Referirse in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of referirse is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "me refiero", meaning "I refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome refiero I refer
Túte refieres you refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse refiere s/he refers, you (formal) refers
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos referimoswe refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos referísyou (plural) refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse refieren they refer, you (plural formal) refer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of referirse is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "me referí", meaning "I referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome referíI referred
Túte referisteyou referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse refirió s/he referred, you (formal) referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos referimoswe referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos referisteisyou (plural) referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse refirieron they referred, you (plural formal) referred

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of referirse is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "me refería", meaning "I used to refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome referíaI used to refer
Túte referíasyou used to refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse referías/he used to refer, you (formal) used to refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos referíamoswe used to refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos referíaisyou (plural) used to refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse referíanthey used to refer, you (plural formal) used to refer
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Referirse in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of referirse is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "me estoy refiriendo", meaning "I am referring".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome estoy refiriendo I am referring
Túte estás refiriendo you are referring
Ella / Él / Ustedse está refiriendo s/he is referring, you (formal) are referring
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos estamos refiriendo we are referring
Vosotras / Vosotrosos estáis refiriendo you (plural) are referring
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse están refiriendo they are referring, you (plural formal) are referring

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of referirse is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "me voy a referir", meaning "I am going to refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome voy a referirI am going to refer
Túte vas a referiryou are going to refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse va a referirs/he is going to refer, you (formal) are going to refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos vamos a referirwe are going to refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos vais a referiryou (plural) are going to refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse van a referirthey are going to refer, you (plural formal) are going to refer
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Referirse in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of referirse is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "me referiré", meaning "I will refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome referiréI will refer
Túte referirásyou will refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse referirás/he will refer, you (formal) will refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos referiremoswe will refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos referiréisyou (plural) will refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse referiránthey will refer, you (plural formal) will refer
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Referirse in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of referirse is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "me referiría", meaning "I would refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome referiríaI would refer
Túte referiríasyou would refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse referirías/he would refer, you (formal) would refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos referiríamoswe would refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos referiríaisyou (plural) would refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse referiríanthey would refer, you (plural formal) would refer
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Referirse in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of referirse is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "me he referido", meaning "I have referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome he referidoI have referred
Túte has referidoyou have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse ha referidos/he has referred, you (formal) have referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos hemos referidowe have referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos habéis referidoyou (plural) have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse han referidothey have referred, you (plural formal) have referred
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Referirse in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of referirse is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "me había referido", meaning "I had referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome había referidoI had referred
Túte habías referidoyou had referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse había referidos/he had referred, you (formal) had referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos habíamos referidowe had referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos habíais referidoyou (plural) had referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse habían referidothey had referred, you (plural formal) had referred
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Referirse in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of referirse is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "me habré referido", meaning "I will have referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome habré referidoI will have referred
Túte habrás referidoyou will have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse habrá referidos/he will have referred, you (formal) will have referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos habremos referidowe will have referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos habréis referidoyou (plural) will have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse habrán referidothey will have referred, you (plural formal) will have referred
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Referirse in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of referirse is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "me habría referido", meaning "I would have referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome habría referidoI would have referred
Túte habrías referidoyou would have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse habría referidos/he would have referred, you (formal) would have referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos habríamos referidowe would have referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos habríais referidoyou (plural) would have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse habrían referidothey would have referred, you (plural formal) would have referred
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Subjunctive Tenses of Referirse

Referirse in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "me refiera", meaning "I refer".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome refiera I refer
Túte refieras you refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse refiera s/he refers, you (formal) refers
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos refiramos we refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos refiráis you (plural) refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse refieran they refer, you (plural formal) refer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "me refiriera", meaning "I referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome refiriera I referred
Túte refirieras you referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse refiriera s/he referred, you (formal) referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos refiriéramos we referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos refirierais you (plural) referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse refirieran they referred, you (plural formal) referred

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "me refiriere", meaning "I will refer".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome refiriere I will refer
Túte refirieres you will refer
Ella / Él / Ustedse refiriere s/he will refer, you (formal) will refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos refiriéremos we will refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosos refiriereis you (plural) will refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse refirieren they will refer, you (plural formal) will refer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "me haya referido", meaning "I have referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome haya referidoI have referred
Túte hayas referidoyou have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse haya referidos/he has referred, you (formal) have referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos hayamos referidowe have referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos hayáis referidoyou (plural) have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse hayan referidothey have referred, you (plural formal) have referred
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Referirse in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "me hubiera referido", meaning "I had referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome hubiera referidoI had referred
Túte hubieras referidoyou had referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse hubiera referidos/he had referred, you (formal) had referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos hubiéramos referidowe had referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos hubierais referidoyou (plural) had referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse hubieran referidothey had referred, you (plural formal) had referred
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Referirse in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "me hubiere referido", meaning "I will have referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yome hubiere referidoI will have referred
Túte hubieres referidoyou will have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedse hubiere referidos/he will have referred, you (formal) will have referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosnos hubiéremos referidowe will have referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosos hubiereis referidoyou (plural) will have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesse hubieren referidothey will have referred, you (plural formal) will have referred
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Imperative Tenses of Referirse

Referirse in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "refiérase", meaning "(to you formal) refer!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túrefiérete (to you) refer!
Ella / Él / Ustedrefiérase (to you formal) refer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosrefirámonos let's refer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferíos(to you plural) refer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefiéranse (to you plural formal) refer!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referirse in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no se refiera", meaning "(to you formal) don't refer!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno te refieras (to you) don't refer!
Ella / Él / Ustedno se refiera (to you formal) don't refer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno nos refiramos let's not refer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno os refiráis (to you plural) don't refer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno se refieran (to you plural formal) don't refer!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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