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How to conjugate Referir in Spanish

To refer Irregular Verb

Introduction

Referir is the Spanish verb for "to refer". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivereferirto refer
Past participlereferidoreferred
Gerundrefiriendoreferring
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Indicative Tenses of Referir

Referir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of referir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "refiero", meaning "I refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yorefiero I refer
Túrefieres you refer
Ella / Él / Ustedrefiere s/he refers, you (formal) refers
Nosotras / Nosotrosreferimoswe refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferísyou (plural) refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefieren they refer, you (plural formal) refer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of referir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "referí", meaning "I referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoreferíI referred
Túreferisteyou referred
Ella / Él / Ustedrefirió s/he referred, you (formal) referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosreferimoswe referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferisteisyou (plural) referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefirieron they referred, you (plural formal) referred

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of referir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "refería", meaning "I used to refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoreferíaI used to refer
Túreferíasyou used to refer
Ella / Él / Ustedreferías/he used to refer, you (formal) used to refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosreferíamoswe used to refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferíaisyou (plural) used to refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesreferíanthey used to refer, you (plural formal) used to refer
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Referir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of referir is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy refiriendo", meaning "I am referring".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy refiriendo I am referring
Túestás refiriendo you are referring
Ella / Él / Ustedestá refiriendo s/he is referring, you (formal) are referring
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos refiriendo we are referring
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis refiriendo you (plural) are referring
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán refiriendo they are referring, you (plural formal) are referring

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of referir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a referir", meaning "I am going to refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a referirI am going to refer
Túvas a referiryou are going to refer
Ella / Él / Ustedva a referirs/he is going to refer, you (formal) are going to refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a referirwe are going to refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a referiryou (plural) are going to refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a referirthey are going to refer, you (plural formal) are going to refer
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Referir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of referir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "referiré", meaning "I will refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoreferiréI will refer
Túreferirásyou will refer
Ella / Él / Ustedreferirás/he will refer, you (formal) will refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosreferiremoswe will refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferiréisyou (plural) will refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesreferiránthey will refer, you (plural formal) will refer
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Referir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of referir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "referiría", meaning "I would refer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoreferiríaI would refer
Túreferiríasyou would refer
Ella / Él / Ustedreferirías/he would refer, you (formal) would refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosreferiríamoswe would refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferiríaisyou (plural) would refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesreferiríanthey would refer, you (plural formal) would refer
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Referir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of referir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he referido", meaning "I have referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe referidoI have referred
Túhas referidoyou have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedha referidos/he has referred, you (formal) have referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos referidowe have referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis referidoyou (plural) have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan referidothey have referred, you (plural formal) have referred
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Referir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of referir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había referido", meaning "I had referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía referidoI had referred
Túhabías referidoyou had referred
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía referidos/he had referred, you (formal) had referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos referidowe had referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais referidoyou (plural) had referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían referidothey had referred, you (plural formal) had referred
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Referir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of referir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré referido", meaning "I will have referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré referidoI will have referred
Túhabrás referidoyou will have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá referidos/he will have referred, you (formal) will have referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos referidowe will have referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis referidoyou (plural) will have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán referidothey will have referred, you (plural formal) will have referred
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Referir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of referir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría referido", meaning "I would have referred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría referidoI would have referred
Túhabrías referidoyou would have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría referidos/he would have referred, you (formal) would have referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos referidowe would have referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais referidoyou (plural) would have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían referidothey would have referred, you (plural formal) would have referred
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Subjunctive Tenses of Referir

Referir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "refiera", meaning "I refer".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yorefiera I refer
Túrefieras you refer
Ella / Él / Ustedrefiera s/he refers, you (formal) refers
Nosotras / Nosotrosrefiramos we refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosrefiráis you (plural) refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefieran they refer, you (plural formal) refer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "refiriera", meaning "I referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yorefiriera I referred
Túrefirieras you referred
Ella / Él / Ustedrefiriera s/he referred, you (formal) referred
Nosotras / Nosotrosrefiriéramos we referred
Vosotras / Vosotrosrefirierais you (plural) referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefirieran they referred, you (plural formal) referred

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "refiriere", meaning "I will refer".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yorefiriere I will refer
Túrefirieres you will refer
Ella / Él / Ustedrefiriere s/he will refer, you (formal) will refer
Nosotras / Nosotrosrefiriéremos we will refer
Vosotras / Vosotrosrefiriereis you (plural) will refer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefirieren they will refer, you (plural formal) will refer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya referido", meaning "I have referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya referidoI have referred
Túhayas referidoyou have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya referidos/he has referred, you (formal) have referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos referidowe have referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis referidoyou (plural) have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan referidothey have referred, you (plural formal) have referred
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Referir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera referido", meaning "I had referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera referidoI had referred
Túhubieras referidoyou had referred
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera referidos/he had referred, you (formal) had referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos referidowe had referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais referidoyou (plural) had referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran referidothey had referred, you (plural formal) had referred
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Referir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere referido", meaning "I will have referred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere referidoI will have referred
Túhubieres referidoyou will have referred
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere referidos/he will have referred, you (formal) will have referred
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos referidowe will have referred
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis referidoyou (plural) will have referred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren referidothey will have referred, you (plural formal) will have referred
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Imperative Tenses of Referir

Referir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "refiera", meaning "(to you formal) refer!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túrefiere (to you) refer!
Ella / Él / Ustedrefiera (to you formal) refer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosrefiramos let's refer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosreferid(to you plural) refer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesrefieran (to you plural formal) refer!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Referir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no refiera", meaning "(to you formal) don't refer!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno refieras (to you) don't refer!
Ella / Él / Ustedno refiera (to you formal) don't refer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno refiramos let's not refer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno refiráis (to you plural) don't refer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno refieran (to you plural formal) don't refer!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Download and print a cheat sheet of Referir Spanish conjugation tables in image or PDF format:

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