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How to conjugate Preguntar in Spanish

To ask, to question

Introduction

Preguntar is the Spanish verb for to ask, to question. It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivepreguntarto ask, to question
Past participlepreguntadoasked
Gerundpreguntandoasking

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Indicative Tenses of Preguntar

Preguntar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of preguntar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "pregunto", meaning "I ask".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntoI ask
preguntasyou ask
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntas/he ask, you (formal) ask
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntamoswe ask
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntáisyou (plural) ask
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntanthey ask, you (plural formal) ask
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Preguntar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of preguntar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "pregunté", meaning "I asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntéI asked
preguntasteyou asked
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntós/he asked, you (formal) asked
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntamoswe asked
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntasteisyou (plural) asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntaronthey asked, you (plural formal) asked
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Preguntar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of preguntar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "preguntaba", meaning "I used to ask".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntabaI used to ask
preguntabasyou used to ask
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntabas/he used to ask, you (formal) used to ask
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntábamoswe used to ask
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntabaisyou (plural) used to ask
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntabanthey used to ask, you (plural formal) used to ask
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Preguntar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of preguntar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "preguntaré", meaning "I will ask".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntaréI will ask
preguntarásyou will ask
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntarás/he will ask, you (formal) will ask
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntaremoswe will ask
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntaréisyou (plural) will ask
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntaránthey will ask, you (plural formal) will ask
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Preguntar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of preguntar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "preguntaría", meaning "I would ask".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntaríaI would ask
preguntaríasyou would ask
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntarías/he would ask, you (formal) would ask
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntaríamoswe would ask
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntaríaisyou (plural) would ask
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntaríanthey would ask, you (plural formal) would ask
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Preguntar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of preguntar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he preguntado", meaning "I have asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe preguntadoI have asked
has preguntadoyou have asked
Ella / Él / Ustedha preguntados/he has asked, you (formal) have asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos preguntadowe have asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis preguntadoyou (plural) have asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan preguntadothey have asked, you (plural formal) have asked
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Preguntar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of preguntar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había preguntado", meaning "I had asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía preguntadoI had asked
habías preguntadoyou had asked
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía preguntados/he had asked, you (formal) had asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos preguntadowe had asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais preguntadoyou (plural) had asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían preguntadothey had asked, you (plural formal) had asked
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Preguntar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of preguntar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré preguntado", meaning "I will have asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré preguntadoI will have asked
habrás preguntadoyou will have asked
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá preguntados/he will have asked, you (formal) will have asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos preguntadowe will have asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis preguntadoyou (plural) will have asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán preguntadothey will have asked, you (plural formal) will have asked
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Preguntar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of preguntar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría preguntado", meaning "I would have asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría preguntadoI would have asked
habrías preguntadoyou would have asked
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría preguntados/he would have asked, you (formal) would have asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos preguntadowe would have asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais preguntadoyou (plural) would have asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían preguntadothey would have asked, you (plural formal) would have asked
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Preguntar

Preguntar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "pregunte", meaning "I ask".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopregunteI ask
preguntesyou ask
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntes/he ask, you (formal) ask
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntemoswe ask
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntéisyou (plural) ask
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntenthey ask, you (plural formal) ask
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Preguntar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "preguntara", meaning "I asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntaraI asked
preguntarasyou asked
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntaras/he asked, you (formal) asked
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntáramoswe asked
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntaraisyou (plural) asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntaranthey asked, you (plural formal) asked
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Preguntar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "preguntare", meaning "I will ask".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreguntareI will ask
preguntaresyou will ask
Ella / Él / Ustedpreguntares/he will ask, you (formal) will ask
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntáremoswe will ask
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntareisyou (plural) will ask
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreguntarenthey will ask, you (plural formal) will ask
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Preguntar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya preguntado", meaning "I have asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya preguntadoI have asked
hayas preguntadoyou have asked
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya preguntados/he has asked, you (formal) have asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos preguntadowe have asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis preguntadoyou (plural) have asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan preguntadothey have asked, you (plural formal) have asked
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Preguntar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera preguntado", meaning "I had asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera preguntadoI had asked
hubieras preguntadoyou had asked
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera preguntados/he had asked, you (formal) had asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos preguntadowe had asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais preguntadoyou (plural) had asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran preguntadothey had asked, you (plural formal) had asked
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Preguntar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere preguntado", meaning "I will have asked".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere preguntadoI will have asked
hubieres preguntadoyou will have asked
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere preguntados/he will have asked, you (formal) will have asked
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos preguntadowe will have asked
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis preguntadoyou (plural) will have asked
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren preguntadothey will have asked, you (plural formal) will have asked
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Imperative Tenses of Preguntar

Preguntar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "pregunte", meaning "(to you formal) ask!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
pregunta(to you) ask!
Ella / Él / Ustedpregunte(to you formal) ask!
Nosotras / Nosotrospreguntemos(to we) ask!
Vosotras / Vosotrospreguntad(to you plural) ask!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespregunten(to you plural formal) ask!
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Preguntar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no pregunte", meaning "(to you formal) don't ask!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no preguntes(to you) don't ask!
Ella / Él / Ustedno pregunte(to you formal) don't ask!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno preguntemos(to we) don't ask!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno preguntéis(to you plural) don't ask!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno pregunten(to you plural formal) don't ask!
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Example sentences and usage

  • ¿Por qué lo preguntas? Why do you ask?
  • "¿No nos hemos encontrado antes?", preguntó el estudiante. "Haven't we met somewhere before?" asked the student.
  • No preguntéis lo que piensan. Preguntad lo que hacen. Don't ask what they think. Ask what they do.
  • Me pregunto si yo fui hecho para este mundo. I wonder if I am made for this world.
  • Nos preguntamos por qué. We wonder why.
  • Él me preguntó si sabía hablar inglés. He asked me if I could speak English.
  • Tu pregunta no está relacionada con el tema bajo discusión. Your question does not bear on the subject under discussion.
  • Para mi sorpresa, ella no pudo contestar a la pregunta. To my surprise, she could not answer the question.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out leer – to read or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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