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How to conjugate Preferir in Spanish

To prefer Irregular Verb

Introduction

Preferir is the Spanish verb for "to prefer". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivepreferirto prefer
Past participlepreferidopreferred
Gerundprefiriendopreferring
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Indicative Tenses of Preferir

Preferir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of preferir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "prefiero", meaning "I prefer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoprefiero I prefer
Túprefieres you prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedprefiere s/he prefers, you (formal) prefers
Nosotras / Nosotrospreferimoswe prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrospreferísyou (plural) prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesprefieren they prefer, you (plural formal) prefer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of preferir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "preferí", meaning "I preferred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreferíI preferred
Túpreferisteyou preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedprefirió s/he preferred, you (formal) preferred
Nosotras / Nosotrospreferimoswe preferred
Vosotras / Vosotrospreferisteisyou (plural) preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesprefirieron they preferred, you (plural formal) preferred

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of preferir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "prefería", meaning "I used to prefer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreferíaI used to prefer
Túpreferíasyou used to prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedpreferías/he used to prefer, you (formal) used to prefer
Nosotras / Nosotrospreferíamoswe used to prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrospreferíaisyou (plural) used to prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreferíanthey used to prefer, you (plural formal) used to prefer
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Preferir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of preferir is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy prefiriendo", meaning "I am preferring".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy prefiriendo I am preferring
Túestás prefiriendo you are preferring
Ella / Él / Ustedestá prefiriendo s/he is preferring, you (formal) are preferring
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos prefiriendo we are preferring
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis prefiriendo you (plural) are preferring
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán prefiriendo they are preferring, you (plural formal) are preferring

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of preferir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a preferir", meaning "I am going to prefer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a preferirI am going to prefer
Túvas a preferiryou are going to prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedva a preferirs/he is going to prefer, you (formal) are going to prefer
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a preferirwe are going to prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a preferiryou (plural) are going to prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a preferirthey are going to prefer, you (plural formal) are going to prefer
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Preferir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of preferir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "preferiré", meaning "I will prefer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreferiréI will prefer
Túpreferirásyou will prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedpreferirás/he will prefer, you (formal) will prefer
Nosotras / Nosotrospreferiremoswe will prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrospreferiréisyou (plural) will prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreferiránthey will prefer, you (plural formal) will prefer
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Preferir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of preferir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "preferiría", meaning "I would prefer".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopreferiríaI would prefer
Túpreferiríasyou would prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedpreferirías/he would prefer, you (formal) would prefer
Nosotras / Nosotrospreferiríamoswe would prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrospreferiríaisyou (plural) would prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespreferiríanthey would prefer, you (plural formal) would prefer
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Preferir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of preferir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he preferido", meaning "I have preferred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe preferidoI have preferred
Túhas preferidoyou have preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedha preferidos/he has preferred, you (formal) have preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos preferidowe have preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis preferidoyou (plural) have preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan preferidothey have preferred, you (plural formal) have preferred
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Preferir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of preferir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había preferido", meaning "I had preferred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía preferidoI had preferred
Túhabías preferidoyou had preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía preferidos/he had preferred, you (formal) had preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos preferidowe had preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais preferidoyou (plural) had preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían preferidothey had preferred, you (plural formal) had preferred
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Preferir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of preferir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré preferido", meaning "I will have preferred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré preferidoI will have preferred
Túhabrás preferidoyou will have preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá preferidos/he will have preferred, you (formal) will have preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos preferidowe will have preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis preferidoyou (plural) will have preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán preferidothey will have preferred, you (plural formal) will have preferred
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Preferir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of preferir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría preferido", meaning "I would have preferred".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría preferidoI would have preferred
Túhabrías preferidoyou would have preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría preferidos/he would have preferred, you (formal) would have preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos preferidowe would have preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais preferidoyou (plural) would have preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían preferidothey would have preferred, you (plural formal) would have preferred
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Subjunctive Tenses of Preferir

Preferir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "prefiera", meaning "I prefer".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoprefiera I prefer
Túprefieras you prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedprefiera s/he prefers, you (formal) prefers
Nosotras / Nosotrosprefiramos we prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrosprefiráis you (plural) prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesprefieran they prefer, you (plural formal) prefer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "prefiriera", meaning "I preferred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoprefiriera I preferred
Túprefirieras you preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedprefiriera s/he preferred, you (formal) preferred
Nosotras / Nosotrosprefiriéramos we preferred
Vosotras / Vosotrosprefirierais you (plural) preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesprefirieran they preferred, you (plural formal) preferred

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "prefiriere", meaning "I will prefer".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoprefiriere I will prefer
Túprefirieres you will prefer
Ella / Él / Ustedprefiriere s/he will prefer, you (formal) will prefer
Nosotras / Nosotrosprefiriéremos we will prefer
Vosotras / Vosotrosprefiriereis you (plural) will prefer
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesprefirieren they will prefer, you (plural formal) will prefer

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya preferido", meaning "I have preferred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya preferidoI have preferred
Túhayas preferidoyou have preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya preferidos/he has preferred, you (formal) have preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos preferidowe have preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis preferidoyou (plural) have preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan preferidothey have preferred, you (plural formal) have preferred
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Preferir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera preferido", meaning "I had preferred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera preferidoI had preferred
Túhubieras preferidoyou had preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera preferidos/he had preferred, you (formal) had preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos preferidowe had preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais preferidoyou (plural) had preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran preferidothey had preferred, you (plural formal) had preferred
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Preferir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere preferido", meaning "I will have preferred".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere preferidoI will have preferred
Túhubieres preferidoyou will have preferred
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere preferidos/he will have preferred, you (formal) will have preferred
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos preferidowe will have preferred
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis preferidoyou (plural) will have preferred
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren preferidothey will have preferred, you (plural formal) will have preferred
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Imperative Tenses of Preferir

Preferir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "prefiera", meaning "(to you formal) prefer!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túprefiere (to you) prefer!
Ella / Él / Ustedprefiera (to you formal) prefer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosprefiramos let's prefer!
Vosotras / Vosotrospreferid(to you plural) prefer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesprefieran (to you plural formal) prefer!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Preferir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no prefiera", meaning "(to you formal) don't prefer!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno prefieras (to you) don't prefer!
Ella / Él / Ustedno prefiera (to you formal) don't prefer!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno prefiramos let's not prefer!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno prefiráis (to you plural) don't prefer!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno prefieran (to you plural formal) don't prefer!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Download and print a cheat sheet of Preferir Spanish conjugation tables in image or PDF format:

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