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How to conjugate Perder in Spanish

To lose Irregular Verb Top 100

Introduction

Perder is the Spanish verb for "to lose". It is an irregular verb, and one of the most popular 100 Spanish verbs. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveperderto lose
Past participleperdidolost
Gerundperdiendolosing
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Indicative Tenses of Perder

Perder in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of perder is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "pierdo el juego", meaning "I lose the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yopierdo I lose
Túpierdes you lose
Ella / Él / Ustedpierde s/he loses, you (formal) loses
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdemoswe lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdéisyou (plural) lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespierden they lose, you (plural formal) lose

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Perder in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of perder is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "perdí el juego", meaning "I lost the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdíI lost
Túperdisteyou lost
Ella / Él / Ustedperdiós/he lost, you (formal) lost
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdimoswe lost
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdisteisyou (plural) lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdieronthey lost, you (plural formal) lost
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Perder in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of perder is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "perdía el juego", meaning "I used to lose the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdíaI used to lose
Túperdíasyou used to lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperdías/he used to lose, you (formal) used to lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdíamoswe used to lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdíaisyou (plural) used to lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdíanthey used to lose, you (plural formal) used to lose
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Perder in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of perder is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy perdiendo el juego", meaning "I am losing the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy perdiendoI am losing
Túestás perdiendoyou are losing
Ella / Él / Ustedestá perdiendos/he is losing, you (formal) are losing
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos perdiendowe are losing
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis perdiendoyou (plural) are losing
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán perdiendothey are losing, you (plural formal) are losing
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Perder in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of perder is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a perder el juego", meaning "I am going to lose the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a perderI am going to lose
Túvas a perderyou are going to lose
Ella / Él / Ustedva a perders/he is going to lose, you (formal) are going to lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a perderwe are going to lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a perderyou (plural) are going to lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a perderthey are going to lose, you (plural formal) are going to lose
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Perder in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of perder is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "perderé el juego", meaning "I will lose the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperderéI will lose
Túperderásyou will lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperderás/he will lose, you (formal) will lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperderemoswe will lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperderéisyou (plural) will lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperderánthey will lose, you (plural formal) will lose
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Perder in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of perder is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "perdería el juego", meaning "I would lose the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperderíaI would lose
Túperderíasyou would lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperderías/he would lose, you (formal) would lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperderíamoswe would lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperderíaisyou (plural) would lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperderíanthey would lose, you (plural formal) would lose
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Perder in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of perder is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he perdido el juego", meaning "I have lost the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe perdidoI have lost
Túhas perdidoyou have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedha perdidos/he has lost, you (formal) have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos perdidowe have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis perdidoyou (plural) have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan perdidothey have lost, you (plural formal) have lost
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Perder in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of perder is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había perdido el juego", meaning "I had lost the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía perdidoI had lost
Túhabías perdidoyou had lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía perdidos/he had lost, you (formal) had lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos perdidowe had lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais perdidoyou (plural) had lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían perdidothey had lost, you (plural formal) had lost
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Perder in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of perder is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré perdido el juego", meaning "I will have lost the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré perdidoI will have lost
Túhabrás perdidoyou will have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá perdidos/he will have lost, you (formal) will have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos perdidowe will have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis perdidoyou (plural) will have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán perdidothey will have lost, you (plural formal) will have lost
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Perder in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of perder is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría perdido el juego", meaning "I would have lost the game".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría perdidoI would have lost
Túhabrías perdidoyou would have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría perdidos/he would have lost, you (formal) would have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos perdidowe would have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais perdidoyou (plural) would have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían perdidothey would have lost, you (plural formal) would have lost
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Subjunctive Tenses of Perder

Perder in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "pierda", meaning "I lose".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yopierda I lose
Túpierdas you lose
Ella / Él / Ustedpierda s/he loses, you (formal) loses
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdamoswe lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdáisyou (plural) lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespierdan they lose, you (plural formal) lose

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Perder in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "perdiera", meaning "I lost".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdieraI lost
Túperdierasyou lost
Ella / Él / Ustedperdieras/he lost, you (formal) lost
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdiéramoswe lost
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdieraisyou (plural) lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdieranthey lost, you (plural formal) lost
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Perder in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "perdiere", meaning "I will lose".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdiereI will lose
Túperdieresyou will lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperdieres/he will lose, you (formal) will lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdiéremoswe will lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdiereisyou (plural) will lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdierenthey will lose, you (plural formal) will lose
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Perder in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya perdido", meaning "I have lost".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya perdidoI have lost
Túhayas perdidoyou have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya perdidos/he has lost, you (formal) have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos perdidowe have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis perdidoyou (plural) have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan perdidothey have lost, you (plural formal) have lost
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Perder in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera perdido", meaning "I had lost".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera perdidoI had lost
Túhubieras perdidoyou had lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera perdidos/he had lost, you (formal) had lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos perdidowe had lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais perdidoyou (plural) had lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran perdidothey had lost, you (plural formal) had lost
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Perder in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere perdido", meaning "I will have lost".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere perdidoI will have lost
Túhubieres perdidoyou will have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere perdidos/he will have lost, you (formal) will have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos perdidowe will have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis perdidoyou (plural) will have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren perdidothey will have lost, you (plural formal) will have lost
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Imperative Tenses of Perder

Perder in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "pierda", meaning "(to you formal) lose!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túpierde (to you) lose!
Ella / Él / Ustedpierda (to you formal) lose!
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdamoslet's lose!
Vosotras / Vosotrosperded(to you plural) lose!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespierdan (to you plural formal) lose!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Perder in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no pierda", meaning "(to you formal) don't lose!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno pierdas (to you) don't lose!
Ella / Él / Ustedno pierda (to you formal) don't lose!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno perdamoslet's not lose!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno perdáis(to you plural) don't lose!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno pierdan (to you plural formal) don't lose!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Example sentences and usage

  • Un millón de personas perdieron la vida en la guerra. One million people lost their lives in the war.
  • Gracias a su estupidez, perdimos el partido. Thanks to your stupidity, we lost the game.
  • Presta tu dinero y pierde amigos. Lend your money and lose your friend.
  • Perdí a mi esposa el año pasado. I lost my wife last year.
  • Date prisa o perderás el autobús. Hurry up, or you'll miss the bus.
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Download and print a cheat sheet of Perder Spanish conjugation tables in image or PDF format:

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