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How to conjugate Perder in Spanish

To lose Irregular

Introduction

Perder is the Spanish verb for to lose. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveperderto lose
Past participleperdidolost
Gerundperdiendolosing

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Indicative Tenses of Perder

Perder in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of perder is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "pierdo el juego", meaning "I lose the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopierdoI lose
pierdesyou lose
Ella / Él / Ustedpierdes/he lose, you (formal) lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdemoswe lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdéisyou (plural) lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespierdenthey lose, you (plural formal) lose
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Perder in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of perder is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "perdí el juego", meaning "I lost the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdíI lost
perdisteyou lost
Ella / Él / Ustedperdiós/he lost, you (formal) lost
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdimoswe lost
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdisteisyou (plural) lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdieronthey lost, you (plural formal) lost
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Perder in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of perder is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "perdía el juego", meaning "I used to lose the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdíaI used to lose
perdíasyou used to lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperdías/he used to lose, you (formal) used to lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdíamoswe used to lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdíaisyou (plural) used to lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdíanthey used to lose, you (plural formal) used to lose
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Perder in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of perder is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "perderé el juego", meaning "I will lose the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperderéI will lose
perderásyou will lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperderás/he will lose, you (formal) will lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperderemoswe will lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperderéisyou (plural) will lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperderánthey will lose, you (plural formal) will lose
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Perder in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of perder is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "perdería el juego", meaning "I would lose the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperderíaI would lose
perderíasyou would lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperderías/he would lose, you (formal) would lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperderíamoswe would lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperderíaisyou (plural) would lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperderíanthey would lose, you (plural formal) would lose
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Perder in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of perder is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he perdido el juego", meaning "I have lost the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe perdidoI have lost
has perdidoyou have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedha perdidos/he has lost, you (formal) have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos perdidowe have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis perdidoyou (plural) have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan perdidothey have lost, you (plural formal) have lost
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Perder in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of perder is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había perdido el juego", meaning "I had lost the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía perdidoI had lost
habías perdidoyou had lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía perdidos/he had lost, you (formal) had lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos perdidowe had lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais perdidoyou (plural) had lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían perdidothey had lost, you (plural formal) had lost
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Perder in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of perder is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré perdido el juego", meaning "I will have lost the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré perdidoI will have lost
habrás perdidoyou will have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá perdidos/he will have lost, you (formal) will have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos perdidowe will have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis perdidoyou (plural) will have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán perdidothey will have lost, you (plural formal) will have lost
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Perder in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of perder is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría perdido el juego", meaning "I would have lost the game".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría perdidoI would have lost
habrías perdidoyou would have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría perdidos/he would have lost, you (formal) would have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos perdidowe would have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais perdidoyou (plural) would have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían perdidothey would have lost, you (plural formal) would have lost
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Subjunctive Tenses of Perder

Perder in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "pierda", meaning "I lose".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopierdaI lose
pierdasyou lose
Ella / Él / Ustedpierdas/he lose, you (formal) lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdamoswe lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdáisyou (plural) lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespierdanthey lose, you (plural formal) lose
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Perder in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "perdiera", meaning "I lost".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdieraI lost
perdierasyou lost
Ella / Él / Ustedperdieras/he lost, you (formal) lost
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdiéramoswe lost
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdieraisyou (plural) lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdieranthey lost, you (plural formal) lost
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Perder in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "perdiere", meaning "I will lose".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoperdiereI will lose
perdieresyou will lose
Ella / Él / Ustedperdieres/he will lose, you (formal) will lose
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdiéremoswe will lose
Vosotras / Vosotrosperdiereisyou (plural) will lose
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesperdierenthey will lose, you (plural formal) will lose
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Perder in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya perdido", meaning "I have lost".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya perdidoI have lost
hayas perdidoyou have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya perdidos/he has lost, you (formal) have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos perdidowe have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis perdidoyou (plural) have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan perdidothey have lost, you (plural formal) have lost
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Perder in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera perdido", meaning "I had lost".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera perdidoI had lost
hubieras perdidoyou had lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera perdidos/he had lost, you (formal) had lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos perdidowe had lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais perdidoyou (plural) had lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran perdidothey had lost, you (plural formal) had lost
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Perder in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere perdido", meaning "I will have lost".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere perdidoI will have lost
hubieres perdidoyou will have lost
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere perdidos/he will have lost, you (formal) will have lost
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos perdidowe will have lost
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis perdidoyou (plural) will have lost
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren perdidothey will have lost, you (plural formal) will have lost
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Imperative Tenses of Perder

Perder in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "pierda", meaning "(to you formal) lose!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
pierde(to you) lose!
Ella / Él / Ustedpierda(to you formal) lose!
Nosotras / Nosotrosperdamos(to we) lose!
Vosotras / Vosotrosperded(to you plural) lose!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespierdan(to you plural formal) lose!
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Perder in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no pierda", meaning "(to you formal) don't lose!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no pierdas(to you) don't lose!
Ella / Él / Ustedno pierda(to you formal) don't lose!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno perdamos(to we) don't lose!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno perdáis(to you plural) don't lose!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno pierdan(to you plural formal) don't lose!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Un millón de personas perdieron la vida en la guerra. One million people lost their lives in the war.
  • Gracias a su estupidez, perdimos el partido. Thanks to your stupidity, we lost the game.
  • Presta tu dinero y pierde amigos. Lend your money and lose your friend.
  • Perdí a mi esposa el año pasado. I lost my wife last year.
  • Date prisa o perderás el autobús. Hurry up, or you'll miss the bus.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out vivir – to live or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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