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How to conjugate Pensar in Spanish

To think Irregular Verb

Introduction

Pensar is the Spanish verb meaning "to think". It is very simple to use, with a small number of use cases. For example: To reflect about something, to believe/ to think about something, to intend to do, or to plan something (estoy pensando empezar clases de español).

Similar verbs to pensar include: considerar (to consider).

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivepensarto think
Past participlepensadothought
Gerundpensandothinking
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Indicative Tenses of Pensar

Pensar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of pensar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "pienso", meaning "I think".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yopienso I think
piensas you think
Ella / Él / Ustedpiensa s/he think, you (formal) think
Nosotras / Nosotrospensamoswe think
Vosotras / Vosotrospensáisyou (plural) think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespiensan they think, you (plural formal) think

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Pensar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of pensar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "pensé", meaning "I thought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopenséI thought
pensasteyou thought
Ella / Él / Ustedpensós/he thought, you (formal) thought
Nosotras / Nosotrospensamoswe thought
Vosotras / Vosotrospensasteisyou (plural) thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespensaronthey thought, you (plural formal) thought
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Pensar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of pensar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "pensaba", meaning "I used to think".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopensabaI used to think
pensabasyou used to think
Ella / Él / Ustedpensabas/he used to think, you (formal) used to think
Nosotras / Nosotrospensábamoswe used to think
Vosotras / Vosotrospensabaisyou (plural) used to think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespensabanthey used to think, you (plural formal) used to think
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Pensar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of pensar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy pensando", meaning "I am thinking".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy pensandoI am thinking
estás pensandoyou are thinking
Ella / Él / Ustedestá pensandos/he is thinking, you (formal) are thinking
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos pensandowe are thinking
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis pensandoyou (plural) are thinking
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán pensandothey are thinking, you (plural formal) are thinking
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Pensar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of pensar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a pensar", meaning "I am going to think".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a pensarI am going to think
vas a pensaryou are going to think
Ella / Él / Ustedva a pensars/he is going to think, you (formal) are going to think
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a pensarwe are going to think
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a pensaryou (plural) are going to think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a pensarthey are going to think, you (plural formal) are going to think
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Pensar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of pensar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "pensaré", meaning "I will think".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopensaréI will think
pensarásyou will think
Ella / Él / Ustedpensarás/he will think, you (formal) will think
Nosotras / Nosotrospensaremoswe will think
Vosotras / Vosotrospensaréisyou (plural) will think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespensaránthey will think, you (plural formal) will think
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Pensar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of pensar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "pensaría", meaning "I would think".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopensaríaI would think
pensaríasyou would think
Ella / Él / Ustedpensarías/he would think, you (formal) would think
Nosotras / Nosotrospensaríamoswe would think
Vosotras / Vosotrospensaríaisyou (plural) would think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespensaríanthey would think, you (plural formal) would think
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Pensar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of pensar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he pensado", meaning "I have thought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe pensadoI have thought
has pensadoyou have thought
Ella / Él / Ustedha pensados/he has thought, you (formal) have thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos pensadowe have thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis pensadoyou (plural) have thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan pensadothey have thought, you (plural formal) have thought
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Pensar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of pensar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había pensado", meaning "I had thought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía pensadoI had thought
habías pensadoyou had thought
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía pensados/he had thought, you (formal) had thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos pensadowe had thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais pensadoyou (plural) had thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían pensadothey had thought, you (plural formal) had thought
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Pensar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of pensar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré pensado", meaning "I will have thought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré pensadoI will have thought
habrás pensadoyou will have thought
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá pensados/he will have thought, you (formal) will have thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos pensadowe will have thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis pensadoyou (plural) will have thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán pensadothey will have thought, you (plural formal) will have thought
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Pensar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of pensar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría pensado", meaning "I would have thought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría pensadoI would have thought
habrías pensadoyou would have thought
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría pensados/he would have thought, you (formal) would have thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos pensadowe would have thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais pensadoyou (plural) would have thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían pensadothey would have thought, you (plural formal) would have thought
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Subjunctive Tenses of Pensar

Pensar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "piense", meaning "I think".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yopiense I think
pienses you think
Ella / Él / Ustedpiense s/he think, you (formal) think
Nosotras / Nosotrospensemoswe think
Vosotras / Vosotrospenséisyou (plural) think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespiensen they think, you (plural formal) think

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Pensar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "pensara", meaning "I thought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopensaraI thought
pensarasyou thought
Ella / Él / Ustedpensaras/he thought, you (formal) thought
Nosotras / Nosotrospensáramoswe thought
Vosotras / Vosotrospensaraisyou (plural) thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespensaranthey thought, you (plural formal) thought
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Pensar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "pensare", meaning "I will think".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YopensareI will think
pensaresyou will think
Ella / Él / Ustedpensares/he will think, you (formal) will think
Nosotras / Nosotrospensáremoswe will think
Vosotras / Vosotrospensareisyou (plural) will think
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespensarenthey will think, you (plural formal) will think
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Pensar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya pensado", meaning "I have thought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya pensadoI have thought
hayas pensadoyou have thought
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya pensados/he has thought, you (formal) have thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos pensadowe have thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis pensadoyou (plural) have thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan pensadothey have thought, you (plural formal) have thought
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Pensar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera pensado", meaning "I had thought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera pensadoI had thought
hubieras pensadoyou had thought
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera pensados/he had thought, you (formal) had thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos pensadowe had thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais pensadoyou (plural) had thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran pensadothey had thought, you (plural formal) had thought
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Pensar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere pensado", meaning "I will have thought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere pensadoI will have thought
hubieres pensadoyou will have thought
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere pensados/he will have thought, you (formal) will have thought
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos pensadowe will have thought
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis pensadoyou (plural) will have thought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren pensadothey will have thought, you (plural formal) will have thought
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Imperative Tenses of Pensar

Pensar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "piense", meaning "(to you formal) think!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
piensa (to you) think!
Ella / Él / Ustedpiense (to you formal) think!
Nosotras / Nosotrospensemoslet's think!
Vosotras / Vosotrospensad(to you plural) think!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedespiensen (to you plural formal) think!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Pensar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no piense", meaning "(to you formal) don't think!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no pienses (to you) don't think!
Ella / Él / Ustedno piense (to you formal) don't think!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno pensemoslet's not think!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno penséis(to you plural) don't think!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno piensen (to you plural formal) don't think!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Example sentences and usage

  • Pensemos en lo peor que podría pasar. Let's consider the worst that could happen.
  • ¡No puedes esperar de mí que yo siempre piense en todo! You can't expect me to always think of everything!
  • ¡Ni siquiera pienses en comerte mi chocolate! Don't you even think of eating my chocolate!
  • No pienso, luego no existo. I don't think, therefore I am not.
  • Estoy impaciente por escuchar qué piensas de este tema. I look forward to hearing your thoughts on this matter.
  • Yo pensé que era cierto. I thought it was true.
  • Yo pienso que mejor hubieras tomado un descanso. I think you had better take a rest.
  • A menudo pienso en el lugar donde te encontré. I often think about the place where I met you.
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