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How to conjugate Llegar in Spanish

To arrive, to come, to reach Irregular Verb

Introduction

Llegar is the Spanish verb meaning "to arrive, to come, to reach". Examples: Voy a llegar un poco atrasado (I'm going to arrive a little late), and ÂżLlegas la botella de agua en el suelo? (Can you reach the bottle of water on the ground?). Llegar is only irregular in a few tenses, the rest of the time it follows the AR conjugation rules.

Similar verbs to llegar include: venir (to come), alcanzar (to reach), arribar (to arrive).

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivellegarto arrive, to come, to reach
Past participlellegadoarrived
Gerundllegandoarriving
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Indicative Tenses of Llegar

Llegar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of llegar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "llego tarde a casa", meaning "I arrive home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YollegoI arrive
TĂşllegasyou arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedllegas/he arrive, you (formal) arrive
Nosotras / Nosotrosllegamoswe arrive
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegáisyou (plural) arrive
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeslleganthey arrive, you (plural formal) arrive
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Llegar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of llegar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "llegué tarde a casa", meaning "I arrived home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yollegué I arrived
TĂşllegasteyou arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedllegós/he arrived, you (formal) arrived
Nosotras / Nosotrosllegamoswe arrived
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegasteisyou (plural) arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesllegaronthey arrived, you (plural formal) arrived

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Llegar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of llegar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "llegaba tarde a casa", meaning "I used to arrive home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YollegabaI used to arrive
TĂşllegabasyou used to arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedllegabas/he used to arrive, you (formal) used to arrive
Nosotras / Nosotrosllegábamoswe used to arrive
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegabaisyou (plural) used to arrive
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesllegabanthey used to arrive, you (plural formal) used to arrive
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Llegar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of llegar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy llegando tarde a casa", meaning "I am arriving home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy llegandoI am arriving
Túestás llegandoyou are arriving
Ella / Él / Ustedestá llegandos/he is arriving, you (formal) are arriving
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos llegandowe are arriving
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis llegandoyou (plural) are arriving
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán llegandothey are arriving, you (plural formal) are arriving
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Llegar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of llegar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a llegar tarde a casa", meaning "I am going to arrive home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro PrĂłximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a llegarI am going to arrive
TĂşvas a llegaryou are going to arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedva a llegars/he is going to arrive, you (formal) are going to arrive
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a llegarwe are going to arrive
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a llegaryou (plural) are going to arrive
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a llegarthey are going to arrive, you (plural formal) are going to arrive
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Llegar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of llegar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "llegaré tarde a casa", meaning "I will arrive home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YollegaréI will arrive
Túllegarásyou will arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedllegarás/he will arrive, you (formal) will arrive
Nosotras / Nosotrosllegaremoswe will arrive
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegaréisyou (plural) will arrive
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesllegaránthey will arrive, you (plural formal) will arrive
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Llegar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of llegar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "llegarĂ­a tarde a casa", meaning "I would arrive home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YollegarĂ­aI would arrive
TĂşllegarĂ­asyou would arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedllegarías/he would arrive, you (formal) would arrive
Nosotras / NosotrosllegarĂ­amoswe would arrive
Vosotras / VosotrosllegarĂ­aisyou (plural) would arrive
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesllegarĂ­anthey would arrive, you (plural formal) would arrive
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Llegar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of llegar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he llegado tarde a casa", meaning "I have arrived home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe llegadoI have arrived
TĂşhas llegadoyou have arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedha llegados/he has arrived, you (formal) have arrived
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos llegadowe have arrived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis llegadoyou (plural) have arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan llegadothey have arrived, you (plural formal) have arrived
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Llegar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of llegar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "habĂ­a llegado tarde a casa", meaning "I had arrived home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabĂ­a llegadoI had arrived
TĂşhabĂ­as llegadoyou had arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía llegados/he had arrived, you (formal) had arrived
Nosotras / NosotroshabĂ­amos llegadowe had arrived
Vosotras / VosotroshabĂ­ais llegadoyou (plural) had arrived
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabĂ­an llegadothey had arrived, you (plural formal) had arrived
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Llegar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of llegar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré llegado tarde a casa", meaning "I will have arrived home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré llegadoI will have arrived
Túhabrás llegadoyou will have arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá llegados/he will have arrived, you (formal) will have arrived
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos llegadowe will have arrived
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis llegadoyou (plural) will have arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán llegadothey will have arrived, you (plural formal) will have arrived
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Llegar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of llegar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría llegado tarde a casa", meaning "I would have arrived home late".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabrĂ­a llegadoI would have arrived
TĂşhabrĂ­as llegadoyou would have arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría llegados/he would have arrived, you (formal) would have arrived
Nosotras / NosotroshabrĂ­amos llegadowe would have arrived
Vosotras / VosotroshabrĂ­ais llegadoyou (plural) would have arrived
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂ­an llegadothey would have arrived, you (plural formal) would have arrived
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Subjunctive Tenses of Llegar

Llegar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "llegue", meaning "I arrive".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yollegue I arrive
TĂşllegues you arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedllegue s/he arrive, you (formal) arrive
Nosotras / Nosotroslleguemos we arrive
Vosotras / Vosotroslleguéis you (plural) arrive
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeslleguen they arrive, you (plural formal) arrive

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Llegar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "llegara", meaning "I arrived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YollegaraI arrived
TĂşllegarasyou arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedllegaras/he arrived, you (formal) arrived
Nosotras / Nosotrosllegáramoswe arrived
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegaraisyou (plural) arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesllegaranthey arrived, you (plural formal) arrived
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Llegar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "llegare", meaning "I will arrive".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YollegareI will arrive
TĂşllegaresyou will arrive
Ella / Él / Ustedllegares/he will arrive, you (formal) will arrive
Nosotras / Nosotrosllegáremoswe will arrive
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegareisyou (plural) will arrive
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesllegarenthey will arrive, you (plural formal) will arrive
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Llegar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya llegado", meaning "I have arrived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya llegadoI have arrived
TĂşhayas llegadoyou have arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya llegados/he has arrived, you (formal) have arrived
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos llegadowe have arrived
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis llegadoyou (plural) have arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan llegadothey have arrived, you (plural formal) have arrived
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Llegar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera llegado", meaning "I had arrived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera llegadoI had arrived
TĂşhubieras llegadoyou had arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera llegados/he had arrived, you (formal) had arrived
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos llegadowe had arrived
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais llegadoyou (plural) had arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran llegadothey had arrived, you (plural formal) had arrived
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Llegar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere llegado", meaning "I will have arrived".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere llegadoI will have arrived
TĂşhubieres llegadoyou will have arrived
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere llegados/he will have arrived, you (formal) will have arrived
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos llegadowe will have arrived
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis llegadoyou (plural) will have arrived
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren llegadothey will have arrived, you (plural formal) will have arrived
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Imperative Tenses of Llegar

Llegar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "llegue", meaning "(to you formal) arrive!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂşllega(to you) arrive!
Ella / Él / Ustedllegue (to you formal) arrive!
Nosotras / Nosotroslleguemos let's arrive!
Vosotras / Vosotrosllegad(to you plural) arrive!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeslleguen (to you plural formal) arrive!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Llegar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no llegue", meaning "(to you formal) don't arrive!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂşno llegues (to you) don't arrive!
Ella / Él / Ustedno llegue (to you formal) don't arrive!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno lleguemos let's not arrive!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno lleguéis (to you plural) don't arrive!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno lleguen (to you plural formal) don't arrive!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Example sentences and usage

  • ÂżCĂłmo llegaste a conocerla? How did you come to know her?
  • Date prisa o llegarás tarde. Hurry up, or you will be late.
  • ÂżA quĂ© hora llega este tren a Yokohama? What time does this train reach Yokohama?
  • LleguĂ© tarde a la escuela. I was late to school.
  • Estaba lloviendo cuando nos fuimos, pero para cuando llegamos estaba soleado. It was raining when we left, but by the time we arrived, it was sunny.
  • ¡AquĂ­ llega la novia! Here comes the bride!
  • Llegaste tarde a trabajar. You were late for work.
  • ÂżA quĂ© hora llegarás a la estaciĂłn? What time will you get to the station?
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out Llevar – to carry, to take, to bring, to wear or see the complete list of verbs here.

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