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How to conjugate Leer in Spanish

To read Irregular Verb

Introduction

Leer is the Spanish verb for "to read". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveleerto read
Past participleleídoread
Gerundleyendoreading
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Indicative Tenses of Leer

Leer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of leer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "leo un libro", meaning "I read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleoI read
leesyou read
Ella / Él / Ustedlees/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleemoswe read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleéisyou (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleenthey read, you (plural formal) read
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Leer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of leer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "leí un libro", meaning "I read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleíI read
leíste you read
Ella / Él / Ustedleyó s/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleímos we read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleísteis you (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleyeron they read, you (plural formal) read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of leer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "leía un libro", meaning "I used to read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleíaI used to read
leíasyou used to read
Ella / Él / Ustedleías/he used to read, you (formal) used to read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleíamoswe used to read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleíaisyou (plural) used to read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleíanthey used to read, you (plural formal) used to read
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Leer in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of leer is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy leyendo un libro", meaning "I am reading a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy leyendo I am reading
estás leyendo you are reading
Ella / Él / Ustedestá leyendo s/he is reading, you (formal) are reading
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos leyendo we are reading
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis leyendo you (plural) are reading
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán leyendo they are reading, you (plural formal) are reading

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of leer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a leer un libro", meaning "I am going to read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a leerI am going to read
vas a leeryou are going to read
Ella / Él / Ustedva a leers/he is going to read, you (formal) are going to read
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a leerwe are going to read
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a leeryou (plural) are going to read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a leerthey are going to read, you (plural formal) are going to read
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Leer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of leer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "leeré un libro", meaning "I will read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleeréI will read
leerásyou will read
Ella / Él / Ustedleerás/he will read, you (formal) will read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleeremoswe will read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleeréisyou (plural) will read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleeránthey will read, you (plural formal) will read
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Leer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of leer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "leería un libro", meaning "I would read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleeríaI would read
leeríasyou would read
Ella / Él / Ustedleerías/he would read, you (formal) would read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleeríamoswe would read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleeríaisyou (plural) would read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleeríanthey would read, you (plural formal) would read
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Leer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of leer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he leído un libro", meaning "I have read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe leído I have read
has leído you have read
Ella / Él / Ustedha leído s/he has read, you (formal) have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos leído we have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis leído you (plural) have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan leído they have read, you (plural formal) have read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of leer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había leído un libro", meaning "I had read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía leído I had read
habías leído you had read
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía leído s/he had read, you (formal) had read
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos leído we had read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais leído you (plural) had read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían leído they had read, you (plural formal) had read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of leer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré leído un libro", meaning "I will have read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré leído I will have read
habrás leído you will have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá leído s/he will have read, you (formal) will have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos leído we will have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis leído you (plural) will have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán leído they will have read, you (plural formal) will have read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of leer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría leído un libro", meaning "I would have read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría leído I would have read
habrías leído you would have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría leído s/he would have read, you (formal) would have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos leído we would have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais leído you (plural) would have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían leído they would have read, you (plural formal) would have read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Subjunctive Tenses of Leer

Leer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "lea", meaning "I read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleaI read
leasyou read
Ella / Él / Ustedleas/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleamoswe read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleáisyou (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleanthey read, you (plural formal) read
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Leer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "leyera", meaning "I read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoleyera I read
leyeras you read
Ella / Él / Ustedleyera s/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleyéramos we read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleyerais you (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleyeran they read, you (plural formal) read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "leyere", meaning "I will read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoleyere I will read
leyeres you will read
Ella / Él / Ustedleyere s/he will read, you (formal) will read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleyéremos we will read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleyereis you (plural) will read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleyeren they will read, you (plural formal) will read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya leído", meaning "I have read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya leído I have read
hayas leído you have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya leído s/he has read, you (formal) have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos leído we have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis leído you (plural) have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan leído they have read, you (plural formal) have read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera leído", meaning "I had read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera leído I had read
hubieras leído you had read
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera leído s/he had read, you (formal) had read
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos leído we had read
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais leído you (plural) had read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran leído they had read, you (plural formal) had read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Leer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere leído", meaning "I will have read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere leído I will have read
hubieres leído you will have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere leído s/he will have read, you (formal) will have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos leído we will have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis leído you (plural) will have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren leído they will have read, you (plural formal) will have read

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Imperative Tenses of Leer

Leer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "lea", meaning "(to you formal) read!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
lee(to you) read!
Ella / Él / Ustedlea(to you formal) read!
Nosotras / Nosotrosleamoslet's read!
Vosotras / Vosotrosleed(to you plural) read!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeslean(to you plural formal) read!
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Leer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no lea", meaning "(to you formal) don't read!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no leas(to you) don't read!
Ella / Él / Ustedno lea(to you formal) don't read!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno leamoslet's not read!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno leáis(to you plural) don't read!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno lean(to you plural formal) don't read!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Leí un libro mientras comía. I read a book while eating.
  • Quiero que usted lea este libro. I want you to read this book.
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Downloadable cheat sheets

Download and print a cheat sheet of leer Spanish conjugation tables in image or PDF format:

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