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How to conjugate Leer in Spanish

To read Irregular

Introduction

Leer is the Spanish verb for to read. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveleerto read
Past participleleídoread
Gerundleyendoreading

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Indicative Tenses of Leer

Leer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of leer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "leo un libro", meaning "I read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleoI read
leesyou read
Ella / Él / Ustedlees/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleemoswe read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleéisyou (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleenthey read, you (plural formal) read
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Leer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of leer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "leí un libro", meaning "I read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleíI read
leísteyou read
Ella / Él / Ustedleyós/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleímoswe read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleísteisyou (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleyeronthey read, you (plural formal) read
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Leer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of leer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "leía un libro", meaning "I used to read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleíaI used to read
leíasyou used to read
Ella / Él / Ustedleías/he used to read, you (formal) used to read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleíamoswe used to read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleíaisyou (plural) used to read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleíanthey used to read, you (plural formal) used to read
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Leer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of leer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "leeré un libro", meaning "I will read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleeréI will read
leerásyou will read
Ella / Él / Ustedleerás/he will read, you (formal) will read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleeremoswe will read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleeréisyou (plural) will read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleeránthey will read, you (plural formal) will read
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Leer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of leer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "leería un libro", meaning "I would read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleeríaI would read
leeríasyou would read
Ella / Él / Ustedleerías/he would read, you (formal) would read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleeríamoswe would read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleeríaisyou (plural) would read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleeríanthey would read, you (plural formal) would read
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Leer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of leer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he leído un libro", meaning "I have read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe leídoI have read
has leídoyou have read
Ella / Él / Ustedha leídos/he has read, you (formal) have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos leídowe have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis leídoyou (plural) have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan leídothey have read, you (plural formal) have read
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Leer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of leer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había leído un libro", meaning "I had read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía leídoI had read
habías leídoyou had read
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía leídos/he had read, you (formal) had read
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos leídowe had read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais leídoyou (plural) had read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían leídothey had read, you (plural formal) had read
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Leer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of leer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré leído un libro", meaning "I will have read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré leídoI will have read
habrás leídoyou will have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá leídos/he will have read, you (formal) will have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos leídowe will have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis leídoyou (plural) will have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán leídothey will have read, you (plural formal) will have read
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Leer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of leer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría leído un libro", meaning "I would have read a book".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría leídoI would have read
habrías leídoyou would have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría leídos/he would have read, you (formal) would have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos leídowe would have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais leídoyou (plural) would have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían leídothey would have read, you (plural formal) would have read
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Leer

Leer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "lea", meaning "I read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleaI read
leasyou read
Ella / Él / Ustedleas/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleamoswe read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleáisyou (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleanthey read, you (plural formal) read
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Leer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "leyera", meaning "I read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleyeraI read
leyerasyou read
Ella / Él / Ustedleyeras/he read, you (formal) read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleyéramoswe read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleyeraisyou (plural) read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleyeranthey read, you (plural formal) read
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Leer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "leyere", meaning "I will read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoleyereI will read
leyeresyou will read
Ella / Él / Ustedleyeres/he will read, you (formal) will read
Nosotras / Nosotrosleyéremoswe will read
Vosotras / Vosotrosleyereisyou (plural) will read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesleyerenthey will read, you (plural formal) will read
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Leer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya leído", meaning "I have read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya leídoI have read
hayas leídoyou have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya leídos/he has read, you (formal) have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos leídowe have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis leídoyou (plural) have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan leídothey have read, you (plural formal) have read
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Leer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera leído", meaning "I had read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera leídoI had read
hubieras leídoyou had read
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera leídos/he had read, you (formal) had read
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos leídowe had read
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais leídoyou (plural) had read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran leídothey had read, you (plural formal) had read
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Leer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere leído", meaning "I will have read".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere leídoI will have read
hubieres leídoyou will have read
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere leídos/he will have read, you (formal) will have read
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos leídowe will have read
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis leídoyou (plural) will have read
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren leídothey will have read, you (plural formal) will have read
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Imperative Tenses of Leer

Leer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "lea", meaning "(to you formal) read!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
lee(to you) read!
Ella / Él / Ustedlea(to you formal) read!
Nosotras / Nosotrosleamos(to we) read!
Vosotras / Vosotrosleed(to you plural) read!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeslean(to you plural formal) read!
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Leer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no lea", meaning "(to you formal) don't read!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no leas(to you) don't read!
Ella / Él / Ustedno lea(to you formal) don't read!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno leamos(to we) don't read!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno leáis(to you plural) don't read!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno lean(to you plural formal) don't read!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Leí un libro mientras comía. I read a book while eating.
  • Quiero que usted lea este libro. I want you to read this book.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out producir – to produce or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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