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How to conjugate Ir in Spanish

To go Irregular Verb

Introduction

Ir is the Spanish verb "to go". Although irregular, it is one of the most important verbs. Ella Verbs lists "ir" as one of the top 30 verbs to learn for beginners. Examples of IR: I go to school, you went to Mexico on holiday, we are going to the concert on Saturday.

Similar verbs to ir include: caminar (to walk), marchar (to walk), partir (to leave), encaminarse (to head toward), largarse (to leave).

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveirto go
Past participleidogone
Gerundyendogoing
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Indicative Tenses of Ir

Ir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of ir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "voy al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I go to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy I go
vas you go
Ella / Él / Ustedva s/he go, you (formal) go
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos we go
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais you (plural) go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan they go, you (plural formal) go

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of ir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "fui al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I went to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yofui I went
fuiste you went
Ella / Él / Ustedfue s/he went, you (formal) went
Nosotras / Nosotrosfuimos we went
Vosotras / Vosotrosfuisteis you (plural) went
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesfueron they went, you (plural formal) went

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of ir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "iba al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I used to go to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoiba I used to go
ibas you used to go
Ella / Él / Ustediba s/he used to go, you (formal) used to go
Nosotras / Nosotrosíbamos we used to go
Vosotras / Vosotrosibais you (plural) used to go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiban they used to go, you (plural formal) used to go

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of ir is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy yendo al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I am going to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy yendo I am going
estás yendo you are going
Ella / Él / Ustedestá yendo s/he is going, you (formal) are going
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos yendo we are going
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis yendo you (plural) are going
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán yendo they are going, you (plural formal) are going

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of ir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a ir al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I am going to go to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a irI am going to go
vas a iryou are going to go
Ella / Él / Ustedva a irs/he is going to go, you (formal) are going to go
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a irwe are going to go
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a iryou (plural) are going to go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a irthey are going to go, you (plural formal) are going to go
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Ir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of ir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "iré al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I will go to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiréI will go
irásyou will go
Ella / Él / Ustedirás/he will go, you (formal) will go
Nosotras / Nosotrosiremoswe will go
Vosotras / Vosotrosiréisyou (plural) will go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiránthey will go, you (plural formal) will go
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Ir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of ir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "iría al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I would go to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiríaI would go
iríasyou would go
Ella / Él / Ustedirías/he would go, you (formal) would go
Nosotras / Nosotrosiríamoswe would go
Vosotras / Vosotrosiríaisyou (plural) would go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiríanthey would go, you (plural formal) would go
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Ir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of ir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he ido al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I have gone to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe idoI have gone
has idoyou have gone
Ella / Él / Ustedha idos/he has gone, you (formal) have gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos idowe have gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis idoyou (plural) have gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan idothey have gone, you (plural formal) have gone
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Ir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of ir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había ido al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I had gone to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía idoI had gone
habías idoyou had gone
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía idos/he had gone, you (formal) had gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos idowe had gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais idoyou (plural) had gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían idothey had gone, you (plural formal) had gone
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Ir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of ir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré ido al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I will have gone to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré idoI will have gone
habrás idoyou will have gone
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá idos/he will have gone, you (formal) will have gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos idowe will have gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis idoyou (plural) will have gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán idothey will have gone, you (plural formal) will have gone
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Ir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of ir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría ido al supermercado todos los sábados", meaning "I would have gone to the supermarket every Saturday".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría idoI would have gone
habrías idoyou would have gone
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría idos/he would have gone, you (formal) would have gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos idowe would have gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais idoyou (plural) would have gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían idothey would have gone, you (plural formal) would have gone
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Subjunctive Tenses of Ir

Ir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "vaya", meaning "I go".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovaya I go
vayas you go
Ella / Él / Ustedvaya s/he go, you (formal) go
Nosotras / Nosotrosvayamos we go
Vosotras / Vosotrosvayáis you (plural) go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvayan they go, you (plural formal) go

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "fuera", meaning "I went".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yofuera I went
fueras you went
Ella / Él / Ustedfuera s/he went, you (formal) went
Nosotras / Nosotrosfuéramos we went
Vosotras / Vosotrosfuerais you (plural) went
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesfueran they went, you (plural formal) went

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "fuere", meaning "I will go".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yofuere I will go
fueres you will go
Ella / Él / Ustedfuere s/he will go, you (formal) will go
Nosotras / Nosotrosfuéremos we will go
Vosotras / Vosotrosfuereis you (plural) will go
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesfueren they will go, you (plural formal) will go

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya ido", meaning "I have gone".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya idoI have gone
hayas idoyou have gone
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya idos/he has gone, you (formal) have gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos idowe have gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis idoyou (plural) have gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan idothey have gone, you (plural formal) have gone
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Ir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera ido", meaning "I had gone".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera idoI had gone
hubieras idoyou had gone
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera idos/he had gone, you (formal) had gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos idowe had gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais idoyou (plural) had gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran idothey had gone, you (plural formal) had gone
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Ir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere ido", meaning "I will have gone".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere idoI will have gone
hubieres idoyou will have gone
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere idos/he will have gone, you (formal) will have gone
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos idowe will have gone
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis idoyou (plural) will have gone
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren idothey will have gone, you (plural formal) will have gone
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Imperative Tenses of Ir

Ir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "vaya", meaning "(to you formal) go!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
ve (to you) go!
Ella / Él / Ustedvaya (to you formal) go!
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos let's go!
Vosotras / Vosotrosid(to you plural) go!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvayan (to you plural formal) go!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Ir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no vaya", meaning "(to you formal) don't go!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no vayas (to you) don't go!
Ella / Él / Ustedno vaya (to you formal) don't go!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno vayamos let's not go!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno vayáis (to you plural) don't go!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno vayan (to you plural formal) don't go!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Example sentences and usage

  • Vamos, juega conmigo, ¡estoy tan aburrido! Come on, play with me, I'm so bored!
  • Entonces voy a hacer un sudoku en vez de seguir molestándote. I will play Sudoku then instead of continuing to bother you.
  • Me llevaría demasiado tiempo explicarte por qué no va a funcionar. It would take me too much time to explain to you why it's not going to work.
  • Esta es mi amiga Rachel, fuimos al instituto juntos. This is my friend Rachel. We went to high school together.
  • Aceptémoslo, es imposible. Nunca lo vamos a lograr. Let's face it, it's impossible. We're never gonna make it.
  • ¿Te vas a quedar ahí parado todo el día? Are you just going to stand there all day?
  • Fíjate bien. Te voy a mostrar cómo se hace. Look carefully. I'm going to show you how it's done.
  • No sé si voy a tener tiempo para hacer eso. I don't know if I'll have time to do it.
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Why not check out Ir – to go or see the complete list of verbs here.

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