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How to conjugate Iniciar in Spanish

To start, to initiate Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Iniciar is the Spanish verb for "to start, to initiate". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to iniciar include: comenzar, empezar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveiniciarto start, to initiate
Past participleiniciadostarted
Gerundiniciandostarting
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Indicative Tenses of Iniciar

Iniciar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of iniciar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "inicio", meaning "I start".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoinicioI start
Túiniciasyou start
Ella / Él / Ustedinicias/he starts, you (formal) starts
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciamoswe start
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciáisyou (plural) start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesinicianthey start, you (plural formal) start
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Iniciar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of iniciar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "inicié", meaning "I started".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiniciéI started
Túiniciasteyou started
Ella / Él / Ustediniciós/he started, you (formal) started
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciamoswe started
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciasteisyou (plural) started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiniciaronthey started, you (plural formal) started
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Iniciar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of iniciar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "iniciaba", meaning "I used to start".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiniciabaI used to start
Túiniciabasyou used to start
Ella / Él / Ustediniciabas/he used to start, you (formal) used to start
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciábamoswe used to start
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciabaisyou (plural) used to start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiniciabanthey used to start, you (plural formal) used to start
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Iniciar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of iniciar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy iniciando", meaning "I am starting".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy iniciandoI am starting
Túestás iniciandoyou are starting
Ella / Él / Ustedestá iniciandos/he is starting, you (formal) are starting
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos iniciandowe are starting
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis iniciandoyou (plural) are starting
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán iniciandothey are starting, you (plural formal) are starting
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Iniciar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of iniciar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a iniciar", meaning "I am going to start".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a iniciarI am going to start
Túvas a iniciaryou are going to start
Ella / Él / Ustedva a iniciars/he is going to start, you (formal) are going to start
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a iniciarwe are going to start
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a iniciaryou (plural) are going to start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a iniciarthey are going to start, you (plural formal) are going to start
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Iniciar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of iniciar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "iniciaré", meaning "I will start".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiniciaréI will start
Túiniciarásyou will start
Ella / Él / Ustediniciarás/he will start, you (formal) will start
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciaremoswe will start
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciaréisyou (plural) will start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiniciaránthey will start, you (plural formal) will start
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Iniciar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of iniciar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "iniciaría", meaning "I would start".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiniciaríaI would start
Túiniciaríasyou would start
Ella / Él / Ustediniciarías/he would start, you (formal) would start
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciaríamoswe would start
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciaríaisyou (plural) would start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiniciaríanthey would start, you (plural formal) would start
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Iniciar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of iniciar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he iniciado", meaning "I have started".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe iniciadoI have started
Túhas iniciadoyou have started
Ella / Él / Ustedha iniciados/he has started, you (formal) have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos iniciadowe have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis iniciadoyou (plural) have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan iniciadothey have started, you (plural formal) have started
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Iniciar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of iniciar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había iniciado", meaning "I had started".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía iniciadoI had started
Túhabías iniciadoyou had started
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía iniciados/he had started, you (formal) had started
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos iniciadowe had started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais iniciadoyou (plural) had started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían iniciadothey had started, you (plural formal) had started
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Iniciar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of iniciar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré iniciado", meaning "I will have started".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré iniciadoI will have started
Túhabrás iniciadoyou will have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá iniciados/he will have started, you (formal) will have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos iniciadowe will have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis iniciadoyou (plural) will have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán iniciadothey will have started, you (plural formal) will have started
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Iniciar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of iniciar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría iniciado", meaning "I would have started".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría iniciadoI would have started
Túhabrías iniciadoyou would have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría iniciados/he would have started, you (formal) would have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos iniciadowe would have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais iniciadoyou (plural) would have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían iniciadothey would have started, you (plural formal) would have started
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Subjunctive Tenses of Iniciar

Iniciar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "inicie", meaning "I start".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoinicieI start
Túiniciesyou start
Ella / Él / Ustedinicies/he starts, you (formal) starts
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciemoswe start
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciéisyou (plural) start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesinicienthey start, you (plural formal) start
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Iniciar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "iniciara", meaning "I started".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiniciaraI started
Túiniciarasyou started
Ella / Él / Ustediniciaras/he started, you (formal) started
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciáramoswe started
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciaraisyou (plural) started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiniciaranthey started, you (plural formal) started
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Iniciar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "iniciare", meaning "I will start".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoiniciareI will start
Túiniciaresyou will start
Ella / Él / Ustediniciares/he will start, you (formal) will start
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciáremoswe will start
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciareisyou (plural) will start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesiniciarenthey will start, you (plural formal) will start
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Iniciar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya iniciado", meaning "I have started".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya iniciadoI have started
Túhayas iniciadoyou have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya iniciados/he has started, you (formal) have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos iniciadowe have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis iniciadoyou (plural) have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan iniciadothey have started, you (plural formal) have started
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Iniciar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera iniciado", meaning "I had started".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera iniciadoI had started
Túhubieras iniciadoyou had started
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera iniciados/he had started, you (formal) had started
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos iniciadowe had started
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais iniciadoyou (plural) had started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran iniciadothey had started, you (plural formal) had started
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Iniciar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere iniciado", meaning "I will have started".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere iniciadoI will have started
Túhubieres iniciadoyou will have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere iniciados/he will have started, you (formal) will have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos iniciadowe will have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis iniciadoyou (plural) will have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren iniciadothey will have started, you (plural formal) will have started
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Imperative Tenses of Iniciar

Iniciar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "inicie", meaning "(to you formal) start!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túinicia(to you) start!
Ella / Él / Ustedinicie(to you formal) start!
Nosotras / Nosotrosiniciemoslet's start!
Vosotras / Vosotrosiniciad(to you plural) start!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesinicien(to you plural formal) start!
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Iniciar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no inicie", meaning "(to you formal) don't start!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno inicies(to you) don't start!
Ella / Él / Ustedno inicie(to you formal) don't start!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno iniciemoslet's not start!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno iniciéis(to you plural) don't start!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno inicien(to you plural formal) don't start!
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