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How to conjugate Hacer in Spanish

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Introduction

Hacer is the Spanish verb meaning "to do / to make". It is extremely versatile, and one common use is to express the weather or time. In this sense, it is different from English, whereby we would use "to be". For example: "hace frĂ­o" is how to say "it is cold", which directly translates to "it makes cold". An example regarding time: "Hace mucho tiempo que no te veo" means "It has been a long time since I have seen you". Again, the direct translation from English does not work in this case.

Similar verbs to hacer include: cumplir (to achieve), realizar (to carry out), fabricar (to make), preparar (to prepare), producir (to produce).

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivehacerto do, to make
Past participlehechodone
Gerundhaciendodoing
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Indicative Tenses of Hacer

Hacer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of hacer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "hago los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I do my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohago I do
TĂșhacesyou do
Ella / Él / Ustedhaces/he does, you (formal) does
Nosotras / Nosotroshacemoswe do
Vosotras / Vosotroshacéisyou (plural) do
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshacenthey do, you (plural formal) do

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of hacer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "hice los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I did my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohice I did
TĂșhiciste you did
Ella / Él / Ustedhizo s/he did, you (formal) did
Nosotras / Nosotroshicimos we did
Vosotras / Vosotroshicisteis you (plural) did
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshicieron they did, you (plural formal) did

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of hacer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "hacía los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I used to do my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohacĂ­aI used to do
TĂșhacĂ­asyou used to do
Ella / Él / Ustedhacías/he used to do, you (formal) used to do
Nosotras / NosotroshacĂ­amoswe used to do
Vosotras / VosotroshacĂ­aisyou (plural) used to do
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshacĂ­anthey used to do, you (plural formal) used to do
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Hacer in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of hacer is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy haciendo los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I am doing my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy haciendoI am doing
TĂșestĂĄs haciendoyou are doing
Ella / Él / Ustedestá haciendos/he is doing, you (formal) are doing
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos haciendowe are doing
Vosotras / VosotrosestĂĄis haciendoyou (plural) are doing
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesestĂĄn haciendothey are doing, you (plural formal) are doing
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Hacer in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of hacer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a hacer los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I am going to do my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro PrĂłximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a hacerI am going to do
TĂșvas a haceryou are going to do
Ella / Él / Ustedva a hacers/he is going to do, you (formal) are going to do
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a hacerwe are going to do
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a haceryou (plural) are going to do
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a hacerthey are going to do, you (plural formal) are going to do
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Hacer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of hacer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "haré los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I will do my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoharé I will do
TĂșharĂĄs you will do
Ella / Él / Ustedhará s/he will do, you (formal) will do
Nosotras / Nosotrosharemos we will do
Vosotras / Vosotrosharéis you (plural) will do
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesharĂĄn they will do, you (plural formal) will do

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of hacer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "haría los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I would do my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoharĂ­a I would do
TĂșharĂ­as you would do
Ella / Él / Ustedharía s/he would do, you (formal) would do
Nosotras / NosotrosharĂ­amos we would do
Vosotras / VosotrosharĂ­ais you (plural) would do
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesharĂ­an they would do, you (plural formal) would do

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of hacer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he hecho los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I have done my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe hecho I have done
TĂșhas hecho you have done
Ella / Él / Ustedha hecho s/he has done, you (formal) have done
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos hecho we have done
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis hecho you (plural) have done
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan hecho they have done, you (plural formal) have done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of hacer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había hecho los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I had done my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabĂ­a hecho I had done
TĂșhabĂ­as hecho you had done
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía hecho s/he had done, you (formal) had done
Nosotras / NosotroshabĂ­amos hecho we had done
Vosotras / VosotroshabĂ­ais hecho you (plural) had done
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabĂ­an hecho they had done, you (plural formal) had done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of hacer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré hecho los deberes después de cenar", meaning "I will have done my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré hecho I will have done
TĂșhabrĂĄs hecho you will have done
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá hecho s/he will have done, you (formal) will have done
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos hecho we will have done
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis hecho you (plural) will have done
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂĄn hecho they will have done, you (plural formal) will have done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of hacer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habrĂ­a hecho los deberes despuĂ©s de cenar", meaning "I would have done my homework after dinner".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabrĂ­a hecho I would have done
TĂșhabrĂ­as hecho you would have done
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría hecho s/he would have done, you (formal) would have done
Nosotras / NosotroshabrĂ­amos hecho we would have done
Vosotras / VosotroshabrĂ­ais hecho you (plural) would have done
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂ­an hecho they would have done, you (plural formal) would have done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Subjunctive Tenses of Hacer

Hacer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "haga", meaning "I do".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaga I do
TĂșhagas you do
Ella / Él / Ustedhaga s/he does, you (formal) does
Nosotras / Nosotroshagamos we do
Vosotras / VosotroshagĂĄis you (plural) do
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshagan they do, you (plural formal) do

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "hiciera", meaning "I did".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohiciera I did
TĂșhicieras you did
Ella / Él / Ustedhiciera s/he did, you (formal) did
Nosotras / Nosotroshiciéramos we did
Vosotras / Vosotroshicierais you (plural) did
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshicieran they did, you (plural formal) did

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hiciere", meaning "I will do".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohiciere I will do
TĂșhicieres you will do
Ella / Él / Ustedhiciere s/he will do, you (formal) will do
Nosotras / Nosotroshiciéremos we will do
Vosotras / Vosotroshiciereis you (plural) will do
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshicieren they will do, you (plural formal) will do

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya hecho", meaning "I have done".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya hecho I have done
TĂșhayas hecho you have done
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya hecho s/he has done, you (formal) have done
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos hecho we have done
Vosotras / VosotroshayĂĄis hecho you (plural) have done
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan hecho they have done, you (plural formal) have done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera hecho", meaning "I had done".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera hecho I had done
TĂșhubieras hecho you had done
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera hecho s/he had done, you (formal) had done
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos hecho we had done
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais hecho you (plural) had done
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran hecho they had done, you (plural formal) had done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere hecho", meaning "I will have done".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere hecho I will have done
TĂșhubieres hecho you will have done
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere hecho s/he will have done, you (formal) will have done
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos hecho we will have done
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis hecho you (plural) will have done
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren hecho they will have done, you (plural formal) will have done

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Imperative Tenses of Hacer

Hacer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "haga", meaning "(to you formal) do!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂșhaz (to you) do!
Ella / Él / Ustedhaga (to you formal) do!
Nosotras / Nosotroshagamos let's do!
Vosotras / Vosotroshaced(to you plural) do!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshagan (to you plural formal) do!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Hacer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no haga", meaning "(to you formal) don't do!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂșno hagas (to you) don't do!
Ella / Él / Ustedno haga (to you formal) don't do!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno hagamos let's not do!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno hagĂĄis (to you plural) don't do!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno hagan (to you plural formal) don't do!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Example sentences and usage

  • Si pudiera enviarte un malvavisco, Trang, lo harĂ­a. If I could send you a marshmallow, Trang, I would.
  • Un japonĂ©s nunca harĂ­a tal cosa. A Japanese would never do such a thing.
  • Haz lo que te diga. Do whatever he tells you.
  • TĂș me haces soñar. You make me dream.
  • Hicimos tortitas para desayunar. We made pancakes for breakfast.
  • FĂ­jate bien. Te voy a mostrar cĂłmo se hace. Look carefully. I'm going to show you how it's done.
  • Me pides que haga lo imposible. You ask me to do the impossible.
  • ÂżTe gusta que te hagan esperar? Do you like to be kept waiting?
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