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How to conjugate Haber in Spanish

To have (auxiliary) Irregular

Introduction

Haber is the Spanish verb meaning "to have". It is a very unique verb in that it is used in compound tenses as an auxiliary, meaning that is comes before the main verb in the sentence and is used to set the main verbs' tense or mood. For example: He estado (I have been), hemos comido (we have eaten). It is also very commonly used as an impersonal verb, to say "there is / there are". For example: Hay mucho chocolate en el armario. (There is a lot of chocolate in the press).

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivehaberto have (auxiliary)
Past participlehabidohad
Gerundhabiendohaving

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Indicative Tenses of Haber

Haber in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of haber is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "he escrito la carta", meaning "I have written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoheI have
hasyou have
Ella / Él / Ustedhas/he has, you (formal) have
Nosotras / Nosotroshemoswe have
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéisyou (plural) have
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshanthey have, you (plural formal) have
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Haber in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of haber is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "hube escrito la carta", meaning "I had written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohubeI had
hubisteyou had
Ella / Él / Ustedhubos/he had, you (formal) had
Nosotras / Nosotroshubimoswe had
Vosotras / Vosotroshubisteisyou (plural) had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieronthey had, you (plural formal) had
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Haber in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of haber is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "había escrito la carta", meaning "I used to have written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabíaI used to have
habíasyou used to have
Ella / Él / Ustedhabías/he used to have, you (formal) used to have
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamoswe used to have
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíaisyou (plural) used to have
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabíanthey used to have, you (plural formal) used to have
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Haber in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of haber is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "habré escrito la carta", meaning "I will have written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabréI will have
habrásyou will have
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrás/he will have, you (formal) will have
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremoswe will have
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréisyou (plural) will have
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabránthey will have, you (plural formal) will have
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Haber in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of haber is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "habría escrito la carta", meaning "I would have written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabríaI would have
habríasyou would have
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrías/he would have, you (formal) would have
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamoswe would have
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríaisyou (plural) would have
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabríanthey would have, you (plural formal) would have
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Haber in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of haber is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he habido escrito la carta", meaning "I have had written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe habidoI have had
has habidoyou have had
Ella / Él / Ustedha habidos/he has had, you (formal) have had
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos habidowe have had
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis habidoyou (plural) have had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan habidothey have had, you (plural formal) have had
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Haber in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of haber is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había habido escrito la carta", meaning "I had had written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía habidoI had had
habías habidoyou had had
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía habidos/he had had, you (formal) had had
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos habidowe had had
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais habidoyou (plural) had had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían habidothey had had, you (plural formal) had had
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Haber in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of haber is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré habido escrito la carta", meaning "I will have had written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré habidoI will have had
habrás habidoyou will have had
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá habidos/he will have had, you (formal) will have had
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos habidowe will have had
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis habidoyou (plural) will have had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán habidothey will have had, you (plural formal) will have had
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Haber in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of haber is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría habido escrito la carta", meaning "I would have had written the letter".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría habidoI would have had
habrías habidoyou would have had
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría habidos/he would have had, you (formal) would have had
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos habidowe would have had
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais habidoyou (plural) would have had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían habidothey would have had, you (plural formal) would have had
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Subjunctive Tenses of Haber

Haber in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "haya", meaning "I have".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohayaI have
hayasyou have
Ella / Él / Ustedhayas/he has, you (formal) have
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamoswe have
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáisyou (plural) have
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayanthey have, you (plural formal) have
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Haber in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "hubiera", meaning "I had".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohubieraI had
hubierasyou had
Ella / Él / Ustedhubieras/he had, you (formal) had
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramoswe had
Vosotras / Vosotroshubieraisyou (plural) had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieranthey had, you (plural formal) had
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Haber in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "hubiere", meaning "I will have".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohubiereI will have
hubieresyou will have
Ella / Él / Ustedhubieres/he will have, you (formal) will have
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremoswe will have
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereisyou (plural) will have
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubierenthey will have, you (plural formal) will have
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Haber in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya habido", meaning "I have had".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya habidoI have had
hayas habidoyou have had
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya habidos/he has had, you (formal) have had
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos habidowe have had
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis habidoyou (plural) have had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan habidothey have had, you (plural formal) have had
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Haber in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera habido", meaning "I had had".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera habidoI had had
hubieras habidoyou had had
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera habidos/he had had, you (formal) had had
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos habidowe had had
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais habidoyou (plural) had had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran habidothey had had, you (plural formal) had had
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Haber in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere habido", meaning "I will have had".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere habidoI will have had
hubieres habidoyou will have had
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere habidos/he will have had, you (formal) will have had
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos habidowe will have had
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis habidoyou (plural) will have had
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren habidothey will have had, you (plural formal) will have had
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Imperative Tenses of Haber

Haber in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "haya", meaning "(to you formal) have!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
habe(to you) have!
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya(to you formal) have!
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos(to we) have!
Vosotras / Vosotroshabed(to you plural) have!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan(to you plural formal) have!
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Haber in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no haya", meaning "(to you formal) don't have!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no hayas(to you) don't have!
Ella / Él / Ustedno haya(to you formal) don't have!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno hayamos(to we) don't have!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno hayáis(to you plural) don't have!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno hayan(to you plural formal) don't have!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Es la cosa más estúpida que he dicho nunca. That's the stupidest thing I've ever said.
  • Siempre me he preguntado cómo será tener hermanos. I've always wondered what it'd be like to have siblings.
  • "¿Qué habrá en la cueva? Tengo curiosidad." - "No tengo ni idea." "What's going on in the cave? I'm curious." - "I have no idea."
  • El coste de la vida ha aumentado drásticamente. The cost of life increased drastically.
  • ¿Has terminado?" "No, de hecho ni siquiera he empezado. Have you finished?" "On the contrary, I have not even begun yet.
  • ¿Qué ha pasado? Hay agua por todo el apartamento. What happened? There's water all over the apartment.
  • El tiempo ha pasado rapidísimo. Time has passed very fast.
  • Dime qué ha pasado. Tell me what happened.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out saber – to know (things) or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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