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How to conjugate Gobernar in Spanish

To govern, to rule Irregular Verb

Introduction

Gobernar is the Spanish verb for "to govern, to rule". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to gobernar include: regir.

ItemSpanishEnglish
Infinitivegobernarto govern, to rule
Past participlegobernadogoverned
Gerundgobernandogoverning

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Indicative Tenses of Gobernar

Gobernar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of gobernar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "gobierno", meaning "I govern".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yogobierno I govern
gobiernas you govern
Ella / Él / Ustedgobierna s/he governs, you (formal) govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernamoswe govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernáisyou (plural) govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobiernan they govern, you (plural formal) govern

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Gobernar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of gobernar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "goberné", meaning "I governed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogobernéI governed
gobernasteyou governed
Ella / Él / Ustedgobernós/he governed, you (formal) governed
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernamoswe governed
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernasteisyou (plural) governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobernaronthey governed, you (plural formal) governed

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Gobernar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of gobernar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "gobernaba", meaning "I used to govern".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogobernabaI used to govern
gobernabasyou used to govern
Ella / Él / Ustedgobernabas/he used to govern, you (formal) used to govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernábamoswe used to govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernabaisyou (plural) used to govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobernabanthey used to govern, you (plural formal) used to govern

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Gobernar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of gobernar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy gobernando", meaning "I am governing".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy gobernandoI am governing
estás gobernandoyou are governing
Ella / Él / Ustedestá gobernandos/he is governing, you (formal) are governing
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos gobernandowe are governing
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis gobernandoyou (plural) are governing
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán gobernandothey are governing, you (plural formal) are governing

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Gobernar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of gobernar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a gobernar", meaning "I am going to govern".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a gobernarI am going to govern
vas a gobernaryou are going to govern
Ella / Él / Ustedva a gobernars/he is going to govern, you (formal) are going to govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a gobernarwe are going to govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a gobernaryou (plural) are going to govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a gobernarthey are going to govern, you (plural formal) are going to govern

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Gobernar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of gobernar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "gobernaré", meaning "I will govern".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogobernaréI will govern
gobernarásyou will govern
Ella / Él / Ustedgobernarás/he will govern, you (formal) will govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernaremoswe will govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernaréisyou (plural) will govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobernaránthey will govern, you (plural formal) will govern

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Gobernar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of gobernar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "gobernaría", meaning "I would govern".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogobernaríaI would govern
gobernaríasyou would govern
Ella / Él / Ustedgobernarías/he would govern, you (formal) would govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernaríamoswe would govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernaríaisyou (plural) would govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobernaríanthey would govern, you (plural formal) would govern

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Gobernar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of gobernar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he gobernado", meaning "I have governed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe gobernadoI have governed
has gobernadoyou have governed
Ella / Él / Ustedha gobernados/he has governed, you (formal) have governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos gobernadowe have governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis gobernadoyou (plural) have governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan gobernadothey have governed, you (plural formal) have governed

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Gobernar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of gobernar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había gobernado", meaning "I had governed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía gobernadoI had governed
habías gobernadoyou had governed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía gobernados/he had governed, you (formal) had governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos gobernadowe had governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais gobernadoyou (plural) had governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían gobernadothey had governed, you (plural formal) had governed

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Gobernar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of gobernar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré gobernado", meaning "I will have governed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré gobernadoI will have governed
habrás gobernadoyou will have governed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá gobernados/he will have governed, you (formal) will have governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos gobernadowe will have governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis gobernadoyou (plural) will have governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán gobernadothey will have governed, you (plural formal) will have governed

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Gobernar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of gobernar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría gobernado", meaning "I would have governed".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría gobernadoI would have governed
habrías gobernadoyou would have governed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría gobernados/he would have governed, you (formal) would have governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos gobernadowe would have governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais gobernadoyou (plural) would have governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían gobernadothey would have governed, you (plural formal) would have governed

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Subjunctive Tenses of Gobernar

Gobernar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "gobierne", meaning "I govern".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yogobierne I govern
gobiernes you govern
Ella / Él / Ustedgobierne s/he governs, you (formal) govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernemoswe govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernéisyou (plural) govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobiernen they govern, you (plural formal) govern

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Gobernar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "gobernara", meaning "I governed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogobernaraI governed
gobernarasyou governed
Ella / Él / Ustedgobernaras/he governed, you (formal) governed
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernáramoswe governed
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernaraisyou (plural) governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobernaranthey governed, you (plural formal) governed

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Gobernar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "gobernare", meaning "I will govern".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogobernareI will govern
gobernaresyou will govern
Ella / Él / Ustedgobernares/he will govern, you (formal) will govern
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernáremoswe will govern
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernareisyou (plural) will govern
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobernarenthey will govern, you (plural formal) will govern

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Gobernar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya gobernado", meaning "I have governed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya gobernadoI have governed
hayas gobernadoyou have governed
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya gobernados/he has governed, you (formal) have governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos gobernadowe have governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis gobernadoyou (plural) have governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan gobernadothey have governed, you (plural formal) have governed

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Gobernar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera gobernado", meaning "I had governed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera gobernadoI had governed
hubieras gobernadoyou had governed
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera gobernados/he had governed, you (formal) had governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos gobernadowe had governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais gobernadoyou (plural) had governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran gobernadothey had governed, you (plural formal) had governed

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Gobernar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere gobernado", meaning "I will have governed".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere gobernadoI will have governed
hubieres gobernadoyou will have governed
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere gobernados/he will have governed, you (formal) will have governed
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos gobernadowe will have governed
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis gobernadoyou (plural) will have governed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren gobernadothey will have governed, you (plural formal) will have governed

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Imperative Tenses of Gobernar

Gobernar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "gobierne", meaning "(to you formal) govern!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
gobierna (to you) govern!
Ella / Él / Ustedgobierne (to you formal) govern!
Nosotras / Nosotrosgobernemoslet's govern!
Vosotras / Vosotrosgobernad(to you plural) govern!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgobiernen (to you plural formal) govern!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Gobernar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no gobierne", meaning "(to you formal) don't govern!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no gobiernes (to you) don't govern!
Ella / Él / Ustedno gobierne (to you formal) don't govern!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno gobernemoslet's not govern!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno gobernéis(to you plural) don't govern!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno gobiernen (to you plural formal) don't govern!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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