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How to conjugate Gastar in Spanish

To expend Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Gastar is the Spanish verb for "to expend". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivegastarto expend
Past participlegastadoexpended
Gerundgastandoexpending
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Indicative Tenses of Gastar

Gastar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of gastar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "gasto", meaning "I expend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastoI expend
Túgastasyou expend
Ella / Él / Ustedgastas/he expends, you (formal) expends
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastamoswe expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastáisyou (plural) expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastanthey expend, you (plural formal) expend
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Gastar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of gastar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "gasté", meaning "I expended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastéI expended
Túgastasteyou expended
Ella / Él / Ustedgastós/he expended, you (formal) expended
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastamoswe expended
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastasteisyou (plural) expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastaronthey expended, you (plural formal) expended
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Gastar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of gastar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "gastaba", meaning "I used to expend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastabaI used to expend
Túgastabasyou used to expend
Ella / Él / Ustedgastabas/he used to expend, you (formal) used to expend
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastábamoswe used to expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastabaisyou (plural) used to expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastabanthey used to expend, you (plural formal) used to expend
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Gastar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of gastar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy gastando", meaning "I am expending".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy gastandoI am expending
Túestás gastandoyou are expending
Ella / Él / Ustedestá gastandos/he is expending, you (formal) are expending
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos gastandowe are expending
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis gastandoyou (plural) are expending
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán gastandothey are expending, you (plural formal) are expending
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Gastar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of gastar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a gastar", meaning "I am going to expend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a gastarI am going to expend
Túvas a gastaryou are going to expend
Ella / Él / Ustedva a gastars/he is going to expend, you (formal) are going to expend
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a gastarwe are going to expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a gastaryou (plural) are going to expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a gastarthey are going to expend, you (plural formal) are going to expend
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Gastar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of gastar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "gastaré", meaning "I will expend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastaréI will expend
Túgastarásyou will expend
Ella / Él / Ustedgastarás/he will expend, you (formal) will expend
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastaremoswe will expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastaréisyou (plural) will expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastaránthey will expend, you (plural formal) will expend
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Gastar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of gastar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "gastaría", meaning "I would expend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastaríaI would expend
Túgastaríasyou would expend
Ella / Él / Ustedgastarías/he would expend, you (formal) would expend
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastaríamoswe would expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastaríaisyou (plural) would expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastaríanthey would expend, you (plural formal) would expend
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Gastar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of gastar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he gastado", meaning "I have expended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe gastadoI have expended
Túhas gastadoyou have expended
Ella / Él / Ustedha gastados/he has expended, you (formal) have expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos gastadowe have expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis gastadoyou (plural) have expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan gastadothey have expended, you (plural formal) have expended
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Gastar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of gastar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había gastado", meaning "I had expended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía gastadoI had expended
Túhabías gastadoyou had expended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía gastados/he had expended, you (formal) had expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos gastadowe had expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais gastadoyou (plural) had expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían gastadothey had expended, you (plural formal) had expended
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Gastar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of gastar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré gastado", meaning "I will have expended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré gastadoI will have expended
Túhabrás gastadoyou will have expended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá gastados/he will have expended, you (formal) will have expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos gastadowe will have expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis gastadoyou (plural) will have expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán gastadothey will have expended, you (plural formal) will have expended
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Gastar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of gastar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría gastado", meaning "I would have expended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría gastadoI would have expended
Túhabrías gastadoyou would have expended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría gastados/he would have expended, you (formal) would have expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos gastadowe would have expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais gastadoyou (plural) would have expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían gastadothey would have expended, you (plural formal) would have expended
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Subjunctive Tenses of Gastar

Gastar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "gaste", meaning "I expend".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogasteI expend
Túgastesyou expend
Ella / Él / Ustedgastes/he expends, you (formal) expends
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastemoswe expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastéisyou (plural) expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastenthey expend, you (plural formal) expend
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Gastar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "gastara", meaning "I expended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastaraI expended
Túgastarasyou expended
Ella / Él / Ustedgastaras/he expended, you (formal) expended
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastáramoswe expended
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastaraisyou (plural) expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastaranthey expended, you (plural formal) expended
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Gastar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "gastare", meaning "I will expend".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YogastareI will expend
Túgastaresyou will expend
Ella / Él / Ustedgastares/he will expend, you (formal) will expend
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastáremoswe will expend
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastareisyou (plural) will expend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgastarenthey will expend, you (plural formal) will expend
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Gastar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya gastado", meaning "I have expended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya gastadoI have expended
Túhayas gastadoyou have expended
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya gastados/he has expended, you (formal) have expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos gastadowe have expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis gastadoyou (plural) have expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan gastadothey have expended, you (plural formal) have expended
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Gastar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera gastado", meaning "I had expended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera gastadoI had expended
Túhubieras gastadoyou had expended
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera gastados/he had expended, you (formal) had expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos gastadowe had expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais gastadoyou (plural) had expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran gastadothey had expended, you (plural formal) had expended
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Gastar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere gastado", meaning "I will have expended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere gastadoI will have expended
Túhubieres gastadoyou will have expended
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere gastados/he will have expended, you (formal) will have expended
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos gastadowe will have expended
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis gastadoyou (plural) will have expended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren gastadothey will have expended, you (plural formal) will have expended
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Imperative Tenses of Gastar

Gastar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "gaste", meaning "(to you formal) expend!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túgasta(to you) expend!
Ella / Él / Ustedgaste(to you formal) expend!
Nosotras / Nosotrosgastemoslet's expend!
Vosotras / Vosotrosgastad(to you plural) expend!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesgasten(to you plural formal) expend!
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Gastar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no gaste", meaning "(to you formal) don't expend!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno gastes(to you) don't expend!
Ella / Él / Ustedno gaste(to you formal) don't expend!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno gastemoslet's not expend!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno gastéis(to you plural) don't expend!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno gasten(to you plural formal) don't expend!
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