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How to conjugate Existir in Spanish

To exist

Introduction

Existir is the Spanish verb for to exist. It is a regular IR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveexistirto exist
Past participleexistidoexisted
Gerundexistiendoexisting

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Indicative Tenses of Existir

Existir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of existir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "existo", meaning "I exist".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistoI exist
existesyou exist
Ella / Él / Ustedexistes/he exist, you (formal) exist
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistimoswe exist
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistísyou (plural) exist
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistenthey exist, you (plural formal) exist
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Existir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of existir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "existí", meaning "I existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistíI existed
exististeyou existed
Ella / Él / Ustedexistiós/he existed, you (formal) existed
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistimoswe existed
Vosotras / Vosotrosexististeisyou (plural) existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistieronthey existed, you (plural formal) existed
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Existir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of existir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "existía", meaning "I used to exist".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistíaI used to exist
existíasyou used to exist
Ella / Él / Ustedexistías/he used to exist, you (formal) used to exist
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistíamoswe used to exist
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistíaisyou (plural) used to exist
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistíanthey used to exist, you (plural formal) used to exist
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Existir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of existir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "existiré", meaning "I will exist".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistiréI will exist
existirásyou will exist
Ella / Él / Ustedexistirás/he will exist, you (formal) will exist
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistiremoswe will exist
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistiréisyou (plural) will exist
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistiránthey will exist, you (plural formal) will exist
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Existir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of existir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "existiría", meaning "I would exist".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistiríaI would exist
existiríasyou would exist
Ella / Él / Ustedexistirías/he would exist, you (formal) would exist
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistiríamoswe would exist
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistiríaisyou (plural) would exist
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistiríanthey would exist, you (plural formal) would exist
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Existir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of existir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he existido", meaning "I have existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe existidoI have existed
has existidoyou have existed
Ella / Él / Ustedha existidos/he has existed, you (formal) have existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos existidowe have existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis existidoyou (plural) have existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan existidothey have existed, you (plural formal) have existed
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Existir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of existir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había existido", meaning "I had existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía existidoI had existed
habías existidoyou had existed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía existidos/he had existed, you (formal) had existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos existidowe had existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais existidoyou (plural) had existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían existidothey had existed, you (plural formal) had existed
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Existir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of existir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré existido", meaning "I will have existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré existidoI will have existed
habrás existidoyou will have existed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá existidos/he will have existed, you (formal) will have existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos existidowe will have existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis existidoyou (plural) will have existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán existidothey will have existed, you (plural formal) will have existed
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Existir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of existir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría existido", meaning "I would have existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría existidoI would have existed
habrías existidoyou would have existed
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría existidos/he would have existed, you (formal) would have existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos existidowe would have existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais existidoyou (plural) would have existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían existidothey would have existed, you (plural formal) would have existed
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Subjunctive Tenses of Existir

Existir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "exista", meaning "I exist".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistaI exist
existasyou exist
Ella / Él / Ustedexistas/he exist, you (formal) exist
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistamoswe exist
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistáisyou (plural) exist
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistanthey exist, you (plural formal) exist
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Existir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "existiera", meaning "I existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistieraI existed
existierasyou existed
Ella / Él / Ustedexistieras/he existed, you (formal) existed
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistiéramoswe existed
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistieraisyou (plural) existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistieranthey existed, you (plural formal) existed
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Existir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "existiere", meaning "I will exist".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoexistiereI will exist
existieresyou will exist
Ella / Él / Ustedexistieres/he will exist, you (formal) will exist
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistiéremoswe will exist
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistiereisyou (plural) will exist
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistierenthey will exist, you (plural formal) will exist
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Existir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya existido", meaning "I have existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya existidoI have existed
hayas existidoyou have existed
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya existidos/he has existed, you (formal) have existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos existidowe have existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis existidoyou (plural) have existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan existidothey have existed, you (plural formal) have existed
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Existir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera existido", meaning "I had existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera existidoI had existed
hubieras existidoyou had existed
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera existidos/he had existed, you (formal) had existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos existidowe had existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais existidoyou (plural) had existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran existidothey had existed, you (plural formal) had existed
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Existir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere existido", meaning "I will have existed".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere existidoI will have existed
hubieres existidoyou will have existed
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere existidos/he will have existed, you (formal) will have existed
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos existidowe will have existed
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis existidoyou (plural) will have existed
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren existidothey will have existed, you (plural formal) will have existed
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Imperative Tenses of Existir

Existir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "exista", meaning "(to you formal) exist!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
existe(to you) exist!
Ella / Él / Ustedexista(to you formal) exist!
Nosotras / Nosotrosexistamos(to we) exist!
Vosotras / Vosotrosexistid(to you plural) exist!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesexistan(to you plural formal) exist!
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Existir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no exista", meaning "(to you formal) don't exist!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no existas(to you) don't exist!
Ella / Él / Ustedno exista(to you formal) don't exist!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno existamos(to we) don't exist!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno existáis(to you plural) don't exist!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno existan(to you plural formal) don't exist!
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Example sentences and usage

  • No pienso, luego no existo. I don't think, therefore I am not.
  • No existe el amor sin celos. There's no love without jealousy.
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Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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