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How to conjugate Evitar in Spanish

To avoid, to prevent Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Evitar is the Spanish verb for "to avoid, to prevent". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to evitar include: impedir, prevenir.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveevitarto avoid, to prevent
Past participleevitadoavoided
Gerundevitandoavoiding
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Indicative Tenses of Evitar

Evitar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of evitar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "evito", meaning "I avoid".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitoI avoid
evitasyou avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedevitas/he avoid, you (formal) avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitamoswe avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitáisyou (plural) avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitanthey avoid, you (plural formal) avoid
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Evitar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of evitar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "evité", meaning "I avoided".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitéI avoided
evitasteyou avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedevitós/he avoided, you (formal) avoided
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitamoswe avoided
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitasteisyou (plural) avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitaronthey avoided, you (plural formal) avoided
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Evitar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of evitar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "evitaba", meaning "I used to avoid".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitabaI used to avoid
evitabasyou used to avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedevitabas/he used to avoid, you (formal) used to avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitábamoswe used to avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitabaisyou (plural) used to avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitabanthey used to avoid, you (plural formal) used to avoid
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Evitar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of evitar is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy evitando", meaning "I am avoiding".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy evitandoI am avoiding
estás evitandoyou are avoiding
Ella / Él / Ustedestá evitandos/he is avoiding, you (formal) are avoiding
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos evitandowe are avoiding
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis evitandoyou (plural) are avoiding
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán evitandothey are avoiding, you (plural formal) are avoiding
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Evitar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of evitar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a evitar", meaning "I am going to avoid".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a evitarI am going to avoid
vas a evitaryou are going to avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedva a evitars/he is going to avoid, you (formal) are going to avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a evitarwe are going to avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a evitaryou (plural) are going to avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a evitarthey are going to avoid, you (plural formal) are going to avoid
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Evitar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of evitar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "evitaré", meaning "I will avoid".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitaréI will avoid
evitarásyou will avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedevitarás/he will avoid, you (formal) will avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitaremoswe will avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitaréisyou (plural) will avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitaránthey will avoid, you (plural formal) will avoid
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Evitar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of evitar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "evitaría", meaning "I would avoid".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitaríaI would avoid
evitaríasyou would avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedevitarías/he would avoid, you (formal) would avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitaríamoswe would avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitaríaisyou (plural) would avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitaríanthey would avoid, you (plural formal) would avoid
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Evitar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of evitar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he evitado", meaning "I have avoided".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe evitadoI have avoided
has evitadoyou have avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedha evitados/he has avoided, you (formal) have avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos evitadowe have avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis evitadoyou (plural) have avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan evitadothey have avoided, you (plural formal) have avoided
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Evitar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of evitar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había evitado", meaning "I had avoided".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía evitadoI had avoided
habías evitadoyou had avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía evitados/he had avoided, you (formal) had avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos evitadowe had avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais evitadoyou (plural) had avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían evitadothey had avoided, you (plural formal) had avoided
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Evitar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of evitar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré evitado", meaning "I will have avoided".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré evitadoI will have avoided
habrás evitadoyou will have avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá evitados/he will have avoided, you (formal) will have avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos evitadowe will have avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis evitadoyou (plural) will have avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán evitadothey will have avoided, you (plural formal) will have avoided
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Evitar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of evitar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría evitado", meaning "I would have avoided".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría evitadoI would have avoided
habrías evitadoyou would have avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría evitados/he would have avoided, you (formal) would have avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos evitadowe would have avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais evitadoyou (plural) would have avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían evitadothey would have avoided, you (plural formal) would have avoided
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Subjunctive Tenses of Evitar

Evitar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "evite", meaning "I avoid".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoeviteI avoid
evitesyou avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedevites/he avoid, you (formal) avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitemoswe avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitéisyou (plural) avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitenthey avoid, you (plural formal) avoid
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Evitar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "evitara", meaning "I avoided".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitaraI avoided
evitarasyou avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedevitaras/he avoided, you (formal) avoided
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitáramoswe avoided
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitaraisyou (plural) avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitaranthey avoided, you (plural formal) avoided
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Evitar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "evitare", meaning "I will avoid".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoevitareI will avoid
evitaresyou will avoid
Ella / Él / Ustedevitares/he will avoid, you (formal) will avoid
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitáremoswe will avoid
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitareisyou (plural) will avoid
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesevitarenthey will avoid, you (plural formal) will avoid
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Evitar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya evitado", meaning "I have avoided".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya evitadoI have avoided
hayas evitadoyou have avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya evitados/he has avoided, you (formal) have avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos evitadowe have avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis evitadoyou (plural) have avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan evitadothey have avoided, you (plural formal) have avoided
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Evitar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera evitado", meaning "I had avoided".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera evitadoI had avoided
hubieras evitadoyou had avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera evitados/he had avoided, you (formal) had avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos evitadowe had avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais evitadoyou (plural) had avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran evitadothey had avoided, you (plural formal) had avoided
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Evitar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere evitado", meaning "I will have avoided".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere evitadoI will have avoided
hubieres evitadoyou will have avoided
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere evitados/he will have avoided, you (formal) will have avoided
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos evitadowe will have avoided
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis evitadoyou (plural) will have avoided
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren evitadothey will have avoided, you (plural formal) will have avoided
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Imperative Tenses of Evitar

Evitar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "evite", meaning "(to you formal) avoid!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
evita(to you) avoid!
Ella / Él / Ustedevite(to you formal) avoid!
Nosotras / Nosotrosevitemoslet's avoid!
Vosotras / Vosotrosevitad(to you plural) avoid!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeseviten(to you plural formal) avoid!
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Evitar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no evite", meaning "(to you formal) don't avoid!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no evites(to you) don't avoid!
Ella / Él / Ustedno evite(to you formal) don't avoid!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno evitemoslet's not avoid!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno evitéis(to you plural) don't avoid!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno eviten(to you plural formal) don't avoid!
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