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How to conjugate Estudiar in Spanish

To study Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Estudiar is the Spanish verb for "to study". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to estudiar include: cursar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveestudiarto study
Past participleestudiadostudied
Gerundestudiandostudying
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Indicative Tenses of Estudiar

Estudiar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of estudiar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "estudio para los examenes", meaning "I study for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudioI study
Túestudiasyou study
Ella / Él / Ustedestudias/he study, you (formal) study
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiamoswe study
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiáisyou (plural) study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudianthey study, you (plural formal) study
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Estudiar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of estudiar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "estudié para los examenes", meaning "I studied for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudiéI studied
Túestudiasteyou studied
Ella / Él / Ustedestudiós/he studied, you (formal) studied
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiamoswe studied
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiasteisyou (plural) studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudiaronthey studied, you (plural formal) studied
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Estudiar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of estudiar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "estudiaba para los examenes", meaning "I used to study for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudiabaI used to study
Túestudiabasyou used to study
Ella / Él / Ustedestudiabas/he used to study, you (formal) used to study
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiábamoswe used to study
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiabaisyou (plural) used to study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudiabanthey used to study, you (plural formal) used to study
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Estudiar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of estudiar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy estudiando para los examenes", meaning "I am studying for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy estudiandoI am studying
Túestás estudiandoyou are studying
Ella / Él / Ustedestá estudiandos/he is studying, you (formal) are studying
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos estudiandowe are studying
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis estudiandoyou (plural) are studying
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán estudiandothey are studying, you (plural formal) are studying
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Estudiar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of estudiar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a estudiar para los examenes", meaning "I am going to study for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a estudiarI am going to study
Túvas a estudiaryou are going to study
Ella / Él / Ustedva a estudiars/he is going to study, you (formal) are going to study
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a estudiarwe are going to study
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a estudiaryou (plural) are going to study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a estudiarthey are going to study, you (plural formal) are going to study
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Estudiar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of estudiar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "estudiaré para los examenes", meaning "I will study for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudiaréI will study
Túestudiarásyou will study
Ella / Él / Ustedestudiarás/he will study, you (formal) will study
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiaremoswe will study
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiaréisyou (plural) will study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudiaránthey will study, you (plural formal) will study
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Estudiar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of estudiar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "estudiaría para los examenes", meaning "I would study for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudiaríaI would study
Túestudiaríasyou would study
Ella / Él / Ustedestudiarías/he would study, you (formal) would study
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiaríamoswe would study
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiaríaisyou (plural) would study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudiaríanthey would study, you (plural formal) would study
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Estudiar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of estudiar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he estudiado para los examenes", meaning "I have studied for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe estudiadoI have studied
Túhas estudiadoyou have studied
Ella / Él / Ustedha estudiados/he has studied, you (formal) have studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos estudiadowe have studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis estudiadoyou (plural) have studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan estudiadothey have studied, you (plural formal) have studied
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Estudiar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of estudiar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había estudiado para los examenes", meaning "I had studied for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía estudiadoI had studied
Túhabías estudiadoyou had studied
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía estudiados/he had studied, you (formal) had studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos estudiadowe had studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais estudiadoyou (plural) had studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían estudiadothey had studied, you (plural formal) had studied
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Estudiar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of estudiar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré estudiado para los examenes", meaning "I will have studied for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré estudiadoI will have studied
Túhabrás estudiadoyou will have studied
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá estudiados/he will have studied, you (formal) will have studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos estudiadowe will have studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis estudiadoyou (plural) will have studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán estudiadothey will have studied, you (plural formal) will have studied
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Estudiar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of estudiar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría estudiado para los examenes", meaning "I would have studied for the exams".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría estudiadoI would have studied
Túhabrías estudiadoyou would have studied
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría estudiados/he would have studied, you (formal) would have studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos estudiadowe would have studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais estudiadoyou (plural) would have studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían estudiadothey would have studied, you (plural formal) would have studied
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Subjunctive Tenses of Estudiar

Estudiar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "estudie", meaning "I study".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudieI study
Túestudiesyou study
Ella / Él / Ustedestudies/he study, you (formal) study
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiemoswe study
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiéisyou (plural) study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudienthey study, you (plural formal) study
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Estudiar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "estudiara", meaning "I studied".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudiaraI studied
Túestudiarasyou studied
Ella / Él / Ustedestudiaras/he studied, you (formal) studied
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiáramoswe studied
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiaraisyou (plural) studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudiaranthey studied, you (plural formal) studied
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Estudiar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "estudiare", meaning "I will study".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestudiareI will study
Túestudiaresyou will study
Ella / Él / Ustedestudiares/he will study, you (formal) will study
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiáremoswe will study
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiareisyou (plural) will study
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudiarenthey will study, you (plural formal) will study
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Estudiar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya estudiado", meaning "I have studied".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya estudiadoI have studied
Túhayas estudiadoyou have studied
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya estudiados/he has studied, you (formal) have studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos estudiadowe have studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis estudiadoyou (plural) have studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan estudiadothey have studied, you (plural formal) have studied
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Estudiar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera estudiado", meaning "I had studied".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera estudiadoI had studied
Túhubieras estudiadoyou had studied
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera estudiados/he had studied, you (formal) had studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos estudiadowe had studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais estudiadoyou (plural) had studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran estudiadothey had studied, you (plural formal) had studied
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Estudiar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere estudiado", meaning "I will have studied".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere estudiadoI will have studied
Túhubieres estudiadoyou will have studied
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere estudiados/he will have studied, you (formal) will have studied
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos estudiadowe will have studied
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis estudiadoyou (plural) will have studied
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren estudiadothey will have studied, you (plural formal) will have studied
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Imperative Tenses of Estudiar

Estudiar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "estudie", meaning "(to you formal) study!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túestudia(to you) study!
Ella / Él / Ustedestudie(to you formal) study!
Nosotras / Nosotrosestudiemoslet's study!
Vosotras / Vosotrosestudiad(to you plural) study!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestudien(to you plural formal) study!
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Estudiar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no estudie", meaning "(to you formal) don't study!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno estudies(to you) don't study!
Ella / Él / Ustedno estudie(to you formal) don't study!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno estudiemoslet's not study!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno estudiéis(to you plural) don't study!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno estudien(to you plural formal) don't study!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Si estudiaras arduamente, tendrías buenas calificaciones. If you studied hard, you would get good marks.
  • Si estudias en serio, puedes esperar aprobar el examen. If you study earnestly, you can expect to pass the exam.
  • Si estudiaras arduamente, tendrías buenas calificaciones. If you studied hard, you would get good marks.
  • ¿Cuál es tu propósito principal para que estudies inglés? What is the main purpose of your studying English?
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