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How to conjugate Establecer in Spanish

To establish Irregular Verb

Introduction

Establecer is the Spanish verb for "to establish". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to establecer include: fundar.

ItemSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveestablecerto establish
Past participleestablecidoestablished
Gerundestableciendoestablishing

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Indicative Tenses of Establecer

Establecer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of establecer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "establezco", meaning "I establish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestablezco I establish
establecesyou establish
Ella / Él / Ustedestableces/he establishes, you (formal) establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosestablecemoswe establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosestablecéisyou (plural) establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablecenthey establish, you (plural formal) establish

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Establecer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of establecer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "establecí", meaning "I established".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestablecíI established
establecisteyou established
Ella / Él / Ustedestableciós/he established, you (formal) established
Nosotras / Nosotrosestablecimoswe established
Vosotras / Vosotrosestablecisteisyou (plural) established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablecieronthey established, you (plural formal) established

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Establecer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of establecer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "establecía", meaning "I used to establish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestablecíaI used to establish
establecíasyou used to establish
Ella / Él / Ustedestablecías/he used to establish, you (formal) used to establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosestablecíamoswe used to establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosestablecíaisyou (plural) used to establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablecíanthey used to establish, you (plural formal) used to establish

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Establecer in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of establecer is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy estableciendo", meaning "I am establishing".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy estableciendoI am establishing
estás estableciendoyou are establishing
Ella / Él / Ustedestá estableciendos/he is establishing, you (formal) are establishing
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos estableciendowe are establishing
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis estableciendoyou (plural) are establishing
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán estableciendothey are establishing, you (plural formal) are establishing

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Establecer in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of establecer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a establecer", meaning "I am going to establish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a establecerI am going to establish
vas a estableceryou are going to establish
Ella / Él / Ustedva a establecers/he is going to establish, you (formal) are going to establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a establecerwe are going to establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a estableceryou (plural) are going to establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a establecerthey are going to establish, you (plural formal) are going to establish

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Establecer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of establecer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "estableceré", meaning "I will establish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestableceréI will establish
establecerásyou will establish
Ella / Él / Ustedestablecerás/he will establish, you (formal) will establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosestableceremoswe will establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosestableceréisyou (plural) will establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestableceránthey will establish, you (plural formal) will establish

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Establecer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of establecer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "establecería", meaning "I would establish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestableceríaI would establish
estableceríasyou would establish
Ella / Él / Ustedestablecerías/he would establish, you (formal) would establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosestableceríamoswe would establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosestableceríaisyou (plural) would establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestableceríanthey would establish, you (plural formal) would establish

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Establecer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of establecer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he establecido", meaning "I have established".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe establecidoI have established
has establecidoyou have established
Ella / Él / Ustedha establecidos/he has established, you (formal) have established
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos establecidowe have established
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis establecidoyou (plural) have established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan establecidothey have established, you (plural formal) have established

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Establecer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of establecer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había establecido", meaning "I had established".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía establecidoI had established
habías establecidoyou had established
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía establecidos/he had established, you (formal) had established
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos establecidowe had established
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais establecidoyou (plural) had established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían establecidothey had established, you (plural formal) had established

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Establecer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of establecer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré establecido", meaning "I will have established".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré establecidoI will have established
habrás establecidoyou will have established
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá establecidos/he will have established, you (formal) will have established
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos establecidowe will have established
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis establecidoyou (plural) will have established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán establecidothey will have established, you (plural formal) will have established

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Establecer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of establecer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría establecido", meaning "I would have established".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría establecidoI would have established
habrías establecidoyou would have established
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría establecidos/he would have established, you (formal) would have established
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos establecidowe would have established
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais establecidoyou (plural) would have established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían establecidothey would have established, you (plural formal) would have established

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Subjunctive Tenses of Establecer

Establecer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "establezca", meaning "I establish".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestablezca I establish
establezcas you establish
Ella / Él / Ustedestablezca s/he establishes, you (formal) establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosestablezcamos we establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosestablezcáis you (plural) establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablezcan they establish, you (plural formal) establish

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Establecer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "estableciera", meaning "I established".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestablecieraI established
establecierasyou established
Ella / Él / Ustedestablecieras/he established, you (formal) established
Nosotras / Nosotrosestableciéramoswe established
Vosotras / Vosotrosestablecieraisyou (plural) established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablecieranthey established, you (plural formal) established

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Establecer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "estableciere", meaning "I will establish".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoestableciereI will establish
establecieresyou will establish
Ella / Él / Ustedestablecieres/he will establish, you (formal) will establish
Nosotras / Nosotrosestableciéremoswe will establish
Vosotras / Vosotrosestableciereisyou (plural) will establish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablecierenthey will establish, you (plural formal) will establish

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Establecer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya establecido", meaning "I have established".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya establecidoI have established
hayas establecidoyou have established
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya establecidos/he has established, you (formal) have established
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos establecidowe have established
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis establecidoyou (plural) have established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan establecidothey have established, you (plural formal) have established

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Establecer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera establecido", meaning "I had established".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera establecidoI had established
hubieras establecidoyou had established
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera establecidos/he had established, you (formal) had established
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos establecidowe had established
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais establecidoyou (plural) had established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran establecidothey had established, you (plural formal) had established

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Establecer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere establecido", meaning "I will have established".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere establecidoI will have established
hubieres establecidoyou will have established
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere establecidos/he will have established, you (formal) will have established
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos establecidowe will have established
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis establecidoyou (plural) will have established
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren establecidothey will have established, you (plural formal) will have established

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Imperative Tenses of Establecer

Establecer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "establezca", meaning "(to you formal) establish!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
establece(to you) establish!
Ella / Él / Ustedestablezca (to you formal) establish!
Nosotras / Nosotrosestablezcamos let's establish!
Vosotras / Vosotrosestableced(to you plural) establish!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestablezcan (to you plural formal) establish!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Establecer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no establezca", meaning "(to you formal) don't establish!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no establezcas (to you) don't establish!
Ella / Él / Ustedno establezca (to you formal) don't establish!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno establezcamos let's not establish!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno establezcáis (to you plural) don't establish!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno establezcan (to you plural formal) don't establish!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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