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How to conjugate Entender in Spanish

To understand Irregular

Introduction

Entender is the Spanish verb for to understand. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveentenderto understand
Past participleentendidounderstood
Gerundentendiendounderstanding

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Indicative Tenses of Entender

Entender in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of entender is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "entiendo las reglas", meaning "I understand the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentiendoI understand
entiendesyou understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentiendes/he understand, you (formal) understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendemoswe understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendéisyou (plural) understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentiendenthey understand, you (plural formal) understand
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Entender in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of entender is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "entendí las reglas", meaning "I understood the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendíI understood
entendisteyou understood
Ella / Él / Ustedentendiós/he understood, you (formal) understood
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendimoswe understood
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendisteisyou (plural) understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendieronthey understood, you (plural formal) understood
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Entender in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of entender is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "entendía las reglas", meaning "I used to understand the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendíaI used to understand
entendíasyou used to understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentendías/he used to understand, you (formal) used to understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendíamoswe used to understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendíaisyou (plural) used to understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendíanthey used to understand, you (plural formal) used to understand
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Entender in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of entender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "entenderé las reglas", meaning "I will understand the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentenderéI will understand
entenderásyou will understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentenderás/he will understand, you (formal) will understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentenderemoswe will understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentenderéisyou (plural) will understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentenderánthey will understand, you (plural formal) will understand
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Entender in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of entender is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "entendería las reglas", meaning "I would understand the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentenderíaI would understand
entenderíasyou would understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentenderías/he would understand, you (formal) would understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentenderíamoswe would understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentenderíaisyou (plural) would understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentenderíanthey would understand, you (plural formal) would understand
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Entender in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of entender is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he entendido las reglas", meaning "I have understood the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe entendidoI have understood
has entendidoyou have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedha entendidos/he has understood, you (formal) have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos entendidowe have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis entendidoyou (plural) have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan entendidothey have understood, you (plural formal) have understood
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Entender in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of entender is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había entendido las reglas", meaning "I had understood the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía entendidoI had understood
habías entendidoyou had understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía entendidos/he had understood, you (formal) had understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos entendidowe had understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais entendidoyou (plural) had understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían entendidothey had understood, you (plural formal) had understood
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Entender in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of entender is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré entendido las reglas", meaning "I will have understood the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré entendidoI will have understood
habrás entendidoyou will have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá entendidos/he will have understood, you (formal) will have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos entendidowe will have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis entendidoyou (plural) will have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán entendidothey will have understood, you (plural formal) will have understood
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Entender in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of entender is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría entendido las reglas", meaning "I would have understood the rules".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría entendidoI would have understood
habrías entendidoyou would have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría entendidos/he would have understood, you (formal) would have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos entendidowe would have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais entendidoyou (plural) would have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían entendidothey would have understood, you (plural formal) would have understood
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Entender

Entender in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "entienda", meaning "I understand".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentiendaI understand
entiendasyou understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentiendas/he understand, you (formal) understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendamoswe understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendáisyou (plural) understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentiendanthey understand, you (plural formal) understand
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Entender in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "entendiera", meaning "I understood".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendieraI understood
entendierasyou understood
Ella / Él / Ustedentendieras/he understood, you (formal) understood
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendiéramoswe understood
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendieraisyou (plural) understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendieranthey understood, you (plural formal) understood
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Entender in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "entendiere", meaning "I will understand".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendiereI will understand
entendieresyou will understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentendieres/he will understand, you (formal) will understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendiéremoswe will understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendiereisyou (plural) will understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendierenthey will understand, you (plural formal) will understand
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Entender in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya entendido", meaning "I have understood".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya entendidoI have understood
hayas entendidoyou have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya entendidos/he has understood, you (formal) have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos entendidowe have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis entendidoyou (plural) have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan entendidothey have understood, you (plural formal) have understood
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Entender in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera entendido", meaning "I had understood".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera entendidoI had understood
hubieras entendidoyou had understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera entendidos/he had understood, you (formal) had understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos entendidowe had understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais entendidoyou (plural) had understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran entendidothey had understood, you (plural formal) had understood
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Entender in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere entendido", meaning "I will have understood".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere entendidoI will have understood
hubieres entendidoyou will have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere entendidos/he will have understood, you (formal) will have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos entendidowe will have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis entendidoyou (plural) will have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren entendidothey will have understood, you (plural formal) will have understood
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Imperative Tenses of Entender

Entender in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "entienda", meaning "(to you formal) understand!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
entiende(to you) understand!
Ella / Él / Ustedentienda(to you formal) understand!
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendamos(to we) understand!
Vosotras / Vosotrosentended(to you plural) understand!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentiendan(to you plural formal) understand!
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Entender in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no entienda", meaning "(to you formal) don't understand!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no entiendas(to you) don't understand!
Ella / Él / Ustedno entienda(to you formal) don't understand!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno entendamos(to we) don't understand!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno entendáis(to you plural) don't understand!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno entiendan(to you plural formal) don't understand!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Hay muchas palabras que no entiendo. There are many words that I don't understand.
  • Soy tan tonto... estoy intentando explicarte cosas que no entiendo ni yo. I'm so dumb... I'm trying to explain things to you that I don't understand myself.
  • No entiendo el alemán. I don't understand German.
  • Entiendo perfectamente tu postura. I understand your position perfectly.
  • No entiendo lo que quieres decir. I don't get what you mean.
  • Llegará un momento en que lo entenderás. The time will come when you will understand this.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out ser – to be (permanent) or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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