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How to conjugate Entender in Spanish

To understand Irregular Verb

Introduction

Entender is the Spanish verb for "to understand". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to entender include: comprender.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveentenderto understand
Past participleentendidounderstood
Gerundentendiendounderstanding
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Indicative Tenses of Entender

Entender in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of entender is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "entiendo las reglas", meaning "I understand the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoentiendo I understand
Túentiendes you understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentiende s/he understand, you (formal) understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendemoswe understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendéisyou (plural) understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentienden they understand, you (plural formal) understand

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Entender in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of entender is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "entendí las reglas", meaning "I understood the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendíI understood
Túentendisteyou understood
Ella / Él / Ustedentendiós/he understood, you (formal) understood
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendimoswe understood
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendisteisyou (plural) understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendieronthey understood, you (plural formal) understood
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Entender in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of entender is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "entendía las reglas", meaning "I used to understand the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendíaI used to understand
Túentendíasyou used to understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentendías/he used to understand, you (formal) used to understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendíamoswe used to understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendíaisyou (plural) used to understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendíanthey used to understand, you (plural formal) used to understand
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Entender in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of entender is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy entendiendo las reglas", meaning "I am understanding the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy entendiendoI am understanding
Túestás entendiendoyou are understanding
Ella / Él / Ustedestá entendiendos/he is understanding, you (formal) are understanding
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos entendiendowe are understanding
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis entendiendoyou (plural) are understanding
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán entendiendothey are understanding, you (plural formal) are understanding
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Entender in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of entender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a entender las reglas", meaning "I am going to understand the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a entenderI am going to understand
Túvas a entenderyou are going to understand
Ella / Él / Ustedva a entenders/he is going to understand, you (formal) are going to understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a entenderwe are going to understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a entenderyou (plural) are going to understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a entenderthey are going to understand, you (plural formal) are going to understand
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Entender in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of entender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "entenderé las reglas", meaning "I will understand the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentenderéI will understand
Túentenderásyou will understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentenderás/he will understand, you (formal) will understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentenderemoswe will understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentenderéisyou (plural) will understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentenderánthey will understand, you (plural formal) will understand
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Entender in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of entender is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "entendería las reglas", meaning "I would understand the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentenderíaI would understand
Túentenderíasyou would understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentenderías/he would understand, you (formal) would understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentenderíamoswe would understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentenderíaisyou (plural) would understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentenderíanthey would understand, you (plural formal) would understand
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Entender in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of entender is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he entendido las reglas", meaning "I have understood the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe entendidoI have understood
Túhas entendidoyou have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedha entendidos/he has understood, you (formal) have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos entendidowe have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis entendidoyou (plural) have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan entendidothey have understood, you (plural formal) have understood
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Entender in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of entender is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había entendido las reglas", meaning "I had understood the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía entendidoI had understood
Túhabías entendidoyou had understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía entendidos/he had understood, you (formal) had understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos entendidowe had understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais entendidoyou (plural) had understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían entendidothey had understood, you (plural formal) had understood
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Entender in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of entender is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré entendido las reglas", meaning "I will have understood the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré entendidoI will have understood
Túhabrás entendidoyou will have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá entendidos/he will have understood, you (formal) will have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos entendidowe will have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis entendidoyou (plural) will have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán entendidothey will have understood, you (plural formal) will have understood
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Entender in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of entender is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría entendido las reglas", meaning "I would have understood the rules".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría entendidoI would have understood
Túhabrías entendidoyou would have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría entendidos/he would have understood, you (formal) would have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos entendidowe would have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais entendidoyou (plural) would have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían entendidothey would have understood, you (plural formal) would have understood
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Subjunctive Tenses of Entender

Entender in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "entienda", meaning "I understand".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoentienda I understand
Túentiendas you understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentienda s/he understand, you (formal) understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendamoswe understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendáisyou (plural) understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentiendan they understand, you (plural formal) understand

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Entender in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "entendiera", meaning "I understood".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendieraI understood
Túentendierasyou understood
Ella / Él / Ustedentendieras/he understood, you (formal) understood
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendiéramoswe understood
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendieraisyou (plural) understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendieranthey understood, you (plural formal) understood
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Entender in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "entendiere", meaning "I will understand".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoentendiereI will understand
Túentendieresyou will understand
Ella / Él / Ustedentendieres/he will understand, you (formal) will understand
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendiéremoswe will understand
Vosotras / Vosotrosentendiereisyou (plural) will understand
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentendierenthey will understand, you (plural formal) will understand
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Entender in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya entendido", meaning "I have understood".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya entendidoI have understood
Túhayas entendidoyou have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya entendidos/he has understood, you (formal) have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos entendidowe have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis entendidoyou (plural) have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan entendidothey have understood, you (plural formal) have understood
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Entender in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera entendido", meaning "I had understood".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera entendidoI had understood
Túhubieras entendidoyou had understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera entendidos/he had understood, you (formal) had understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos entendidowe had understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais entendidoyou (plural) had understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran entendidothey had understood, you (plural formal) had understood
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Entender in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere entendido", meaning "I will have understood".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere entendidoI will have understood
Túhubieres entendidoyou will have understood
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere entendidos/he will have understood, you (formal) will have understood
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos entendidowe will have understood
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis entendidoyou (plural) will have understood
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren entendidothey will have understood, you (plural formal) will have understood
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Imperative Tenses of Entender

Entender in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "entienda", meaning "(to you formal) understand!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túentiende (to you) understand!
Ella / Él / Ustedentienda (to you formal) understand!
Nosotras / Nosotrosentendamoslet's understand!
Vosotras / Vosotrosentended(to you plural) understand!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesentiendan (to you plural formal) understand!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Entender in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no entienda", meaning "(to you formal) don't understand!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno entiendas (to you) don't understand!
Ella / Él / Ustedno entienda (to you formal) don't understand!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno entendamoslet's not understand!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno entendáis(to you plural) don't understand!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno entiendan (to you plural formal) don't understand!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Example sentences and usage

  • Hay muchas palabras que no entiendo. There are many words that I don't understand.
  • Soy tan tonto... estoy intentando explicarte cosas que no entiendo ni yo. I'm so dumb... I'm trying to explain things to you that I don't understand myself.
  • No entiendo el alemán. I don't understand German.
  • Entiendo perfectamente tu postura. I understand your position perfectly.
  • No entiendo lo que quieres decir. I don't get what you mean.
  • Llegará un momento en que lo entenderás. The time will come when you will understand this.
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