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How to conjugate Encerrar in Spanish

To shut down, to enclose Irregular Verb

Introduction

Encerrar is the Spanish verb for "to shut down, to enclose". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

ItemSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveencerrarto shut down, to enclose
Past participleencerradoshut down
Gerundencerrandoshutting down

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Indicative Tenses of Encerrar

Encerrar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of encerrar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "encierro", meaning "I shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoencierro I shut down
encierras you shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencierra s/he shuts down, you (formal) shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerramoswe shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerráisyou (plural) shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencierran they shut down, you (plural formal) shut down

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Encerrar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of encerrar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "encerré", meaning "I shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoencerréI shut down
encerrasteyou shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencerrós/he shut down, you (formal) shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerramoswe shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerrasteisyou (plural) shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencerraronthey shut down, you (plural formal) shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of encerrar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "encerraba", meaning "I used to shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoencerrabaI used to shut down
encerrabasyou used to shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencerrabas/he used to shut down, you (formal) used to shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerrábamoswe used to shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerrabaisyou (plural) used to shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencerrabanthey used to shut down, you (plural formal) used to shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of encerrar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy encerrando", meaning "I am shutting down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy encerrandoI am shutting down
estás encerrandoyou are shutting down
Ella / Él / Ustedestá encerrandos/he is shutting down, you (formal) are shutting down
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos encerrandowe are shutting down
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis encerrandoyou (plural) are shutting down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán encerrandothey are shutting down, you (plural formal) are shutting down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of encerrar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a encerrar", meaning "I am going to shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a encerrarI am going to shut down
vas a encerraryou are going to shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedva a encerrars/he is going to shut down, you (formal) are going to shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a encerrarwe are going to shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a encerraryou (plural) are going to shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a encerrarthey are going to shut down, you (plural formal) are going to shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of encerrar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "encerraré", meaning "I will shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoencerraréI will shut down
encerrarásyou will shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencerrarás/he will shut down, you (formal) will shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerraremoswe will shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerraréisyou (plural) will shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencerraránthey will shut down, you (plural formal) will shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of encerrar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "encerraría", meaning "I would shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoencerraríaI would shut down
encerraríasyou would shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencerrarías/he would shut down, you (formal) would shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerraríamoswe would shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerraríaisyou (plural) would shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencerraríanthey would shut down, you (plural formal) would shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of encerrar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he encerrado", meaning "I have shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe encerradoI have shut down
has encerradoyou have shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedha encerrados/he has shut down, you (formal) have shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos encerradowe have shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis encerradoyou (plural) have shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan encerradothey have shut down, you (plural formal) have shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of encerrar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había encerrado", meaning "I had shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía encerradoI had shut down
habías encerradoyou had shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía encerrados/he had shut down, you (formal) had shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos encerradowe had shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais encerradoyou (plural) had shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían encerradothey had shut down, you (plural formal) had shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of encerrar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré encerrado", meaning "I will have shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré encerradoI will have shut down
habrás encerradoyou will have shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá encerrados/he will have shut down, you (formal) will have shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos encerradowe will have shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis encerradoyou (plural) will have shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán encerradothey will have shut down, you (plural formal) will have shut down

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Encerrar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of encerrar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría encerrado", meaning "I would have shut down".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría encerradoI would have shut down
habrías encerradoyou would have shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría encerrados/he would have shut down, you (formal) would have shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos encerradowe would have shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais encerradoyou (plural) would have shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían encerradothey would have shut down, you (plural formal) would have shut down

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Subjunctive Tenses of Encerrar

Encerrar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "encierre", meaning "I shut down".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoencierre I shut down
encierres you shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencierre s/he shuts down, you (formal) shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerremoswe shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerréisyou (plural) shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencierren they shut down, you (plural formal) shut down

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Encerrar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "encerrara", meaning "I shut down".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoencerraraI shut down
encerrarasyou shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencerraras/he shut down, you (formal) shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerráramoswe shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerraraisyou (plural) shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencerraranthey shut down, you (plural formal) shut down

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Encerrar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "encerrare", meaning "I will shut down".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoencerrareI will shut down
encerraresyou will shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedencerrares/he will shut down, you (formal) will shut down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerráremoswe will shut down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerrareisyou (plural) will shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencerrarenthey will shut down, you (plural formal) will shut down

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Encerrar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya encerrado", meaning "I have shut down".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya encerradoI have shut down
hayas encerradoyou have shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya encerrados/he has shut down, you (formal) have shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos encerradowe have shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis encerradoyou (plural) have shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan encerradothey have shut down, you (plural formal) have shut down

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Encerrar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera encerrado", meaning "I had shut down".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera encerradoI had shut down
hubieras encerradoyou had shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera encerrados/he had shut down, you (formal) had shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos encerradowe had shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais encerradoyou (plural) had shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran encerradothey had shut down, you (plural formal) had shut down

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Encerrar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere encerrado", meaning "I will have shut down".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere encerradoI will have shut down
hubieres encerradoyou will have shut down
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere encerrados/he will have shut down, you (formal) will have shut down
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos encerradowe will have shut down
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis encerradoyou (plural) will have shut down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren encerradothey will have shut down, you (plural formal) will have shut down

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Imperative Tenses of Encerrar

Encerrar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "encierre", meaning "(to you formal) shut! down".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
encierra (to you) shut! down
Ella / Él / Ustedencierre (to you formal) shut! down
Nosotras / Nosotrosencerremoslet's shut! down
Vosotras / Vosotrosencerrad(to you plural) shut! down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesencierren (to you plural formal) shut! down

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Encerrar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no encierre", meaning "(to you formal) don't shut! down".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no encierres (to you) don't shut! down
Ella / Él / Ustedno encierre (to you formal) don't shut! down
Nosotras / Nosotrosno encerremoslet's not shut! down
Vosotras / Vosotrosno encerréis(to you plural) don't shut! down
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno encierren (to you plural formal) don't shut! down

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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