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How to conjugate Despertar in Spanish

To wake, to awaken Irregular Verb

Introduction

Despertar is the Spanish verb for "to wake, to awaken". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivedespertarto wake, to awaken
Past participledespertadowoken
Gerunddespertandowaking
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Indicative Tenses of Despertar

Despertar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of despertar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "despierto", meaning "I wake".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yodespierto I wake
despiertas you wake
Ella / Él / Usteddespierta s/he wake, you (formal) wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertamoswe wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertáisyou (plural) wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespiertan they wake, you (plural formal) wake

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Despertar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of despertar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "desperté", meaning "I woke".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YodespertéI woke
despertasteyou woke
Ella / Él / Usteddespertós/he woke, you (formal) woke
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertamoswe woke
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertasteisyou (plural) woke
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespertaronthey woke, you (plural formal) woke
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Despertar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of despertar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "despertaba", meaning "I used to wake".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YodespertabaI used to wake
despertabasyou used to wake
Ella / Él / Usteddespertabas/he used to wake, you (formal) used to wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertábamoswe used to wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertabaisyou (plural) used to wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespertabanthey used to wake, you (plural formal) used to wake
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Despertar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of despertar is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy despertando", meaning "I am waking".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy despertandoI am waking
estás despertandoyou are waking
Ella / Él / Ustedestá despertandos/he is waking, you (formal) are waking
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos despertandowe are waking
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis despertandoyou (plural) are waking
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán despertandothey are waking, you (plural formal) are waking
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Despertar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of despertar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a despertar", meaning "I am going to wake".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a despertarI am going to wake
vas a despertaryou are going to wake
Ella / Él / Ustedva a despertars/he is going to wake, you (formal) are going to wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a despertarwe are going to wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a despertaryou (plural) are going to wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a despertarthey are going to wake, you (plural formal) are going to wake
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Despertar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of despertar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "despertaré", meaning "I will wake".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YodespertaréI will wake
despertarásyou will wake
Ella / Él / Usteddespertarás/he will wake, you (formal) will wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertaremoswe will wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertaréisyou (plural) will wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespertaránthey will wake, you (plural formal) will wake
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Despertar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of despertar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "despertaría", meaning "I would wake".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YodespertaríaI would wake
despertaríasyou would wake
Ella / Él / Usteddespertarías/he would wake, you (formal) would wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertaríamoswe would wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertaríaisyou (plural) would wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespertaríanthey would wake, you (plural formal) would wake
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Despertar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of despertar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he despertado", meaning "I have woken".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe despertadoI have woken
has despertadoyou have woken
Ella / Él / Ustedha despertados/he has woken, you (formal) have woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos despertadowe have woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis despertadoyou (plural) have woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan despertadothey have woken, you (plural formal) have woken
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Despertar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of despertar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había despertado", meaning "I had woken".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía despertadoI had woken
habías despertadoyou had woken
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía despertados/he had woken, you (formal) had woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos despertadowe had woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais despertadoyou (plural) had woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían despertadothey had woken, you (plural formal) had woken
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Despertar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of despertar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré despertado", meaning "I will have woken".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré despertadoI will have woken
habrás despertadoyou will have woken
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá despertados/he will have woken, you (formal) will have woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos despertadowe will have woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis despertadoyou (plural) will have woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán despertadothey will have woken, you (plural formal) will have woken
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Despertar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of despertar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría despertado", meaning "I would have woken".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría despertadoI would have woken
habrías despertadoyou would have woken
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría despertados/he would have woken, you (formal) would have woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos despertadowe would have woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais despertadoyou (plural) would have woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían despertadothey would have woken, you (plural formal) would have woken
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Subjunctive Tenses of Despertar

Despertar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "despierte", meaning "I wake".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yodespierte I wake
despiertes you wake
Ella / Él / Usteddespierte s/he wake, you (formal) wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertemoswe wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertéisyou (plural) wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespierten they wake, you (plural formal) wake

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Despertar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "despertara", meaning "I woke".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YodespertaraI woke
despertarasyou woke
Ella / Él / Usteddespertaras/he woke, you (formal) woke
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertáramoswe woke
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertaraisyou (plural) woke
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespertaranthey woke, you (plural formal) woke
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Despertar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "despertare", meaning "I will wake".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YodespertareI will wake
despertaresyou will wake
Ella / Él / Usteddespertares/he will wake, you (formal) will wake
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertáremoswe will wake
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertareisyou (plural) will wake
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespertarenthey will wake, you (plural formal) will wake
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Despertar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya despertado", meaning "I have woken".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya despertadoI have woken
hayas despertadoyou have woken
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya despertados/he has woken, you (formal) have woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos despertadowe have woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis despertadoyou (plural) have woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan despertadothey have woken, you (plural formal) have woken
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Despertar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera despertado", meaning "I had woken".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera despertadoI had woken
hubieras despertadoyou had woken
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera despertados/he had woken, you (formal) had woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos despertadowe had woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais despertadoyou (plural) had woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran despertadothey had woken, you (plural formal) had woken
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Despertar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere despertado", meaning "I will have woken".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere despertadoI will have woken
hubieres despertadoyou will have woken
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere despertados/he will have woken, you (formal) will have woken
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos despertadowe will have woken
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis despertadoyou (plural) will have woken
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren despertadothey will have woken, you (plural formal) will have woken
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Imperative Tenses of Despertar

Despertar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "despierte", meaning "(to you formal) wake!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
despierta (to you) wake!
Ella / Él / Usteddespierte (to you formal) wake!
Nosotras / Nosotrosdespertemoslet's wake!
Vosotras / Vosotrosdespertad(to you plural) wake!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesdespierten (to you plural formal) wake!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Despertar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no despierte", meaning "(to you formal) don't wake!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no despiertes (to you) don't wake!
Ella / Él / Ustedno despierte (to you formal) don't wake!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno despertemoslet's not wake!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno despertéis(to you plural) don't wake!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno despierten (to you plural formal) don't wake!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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