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How to conjugate Cumplir in Spanish

To carry out, to fulfil Regular IR Verb

Introduction

Cumplir is the Spanish verb for "to carry out, to fulfil". It is a regular IR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to cumplir include: desempeñar, realizar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivecumplirto carry out, to fulfil
Past participlecumplidocarried out
Gerundcumpliendocarrying out
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Indicative Tenses of Cumplir

Cumplir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of cumplir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "cumplo", meaning "I carry out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumploI carry out
cumplesyou carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumples/he carry out, you (formal) carry out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumplimoswe carry out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumplísyou (plural) carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplenthey carry out, you (plural formal) carry out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of cumplir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "cumplí", meaning "I carried out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumplíI carried out
cumplisteyou carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumpliós/he carried out, you (formal) carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumplimoswe carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumplisteisyou (plural) carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplieronthey carried out, you (plural formal) carried out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of cumplir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "cumplía", meaning "I used to carry out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumplíaI used to carry out
cumplíasyou used to carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumplías/he used to carry out, you (formal) used to carry out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumplíamoswe used to carry out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumplíaisyou (plural) used to carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplíanthey used to carry out, you (plural formal) used to carry out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of cumplir is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy cumpliendo", meaning "I am carrying out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy cumpliendoI am carrying out
estás cumpliendoyou are carrying out
Ella / Él / Ustedestá cumpliendos/he is carrying out, you (formal) are carrying out
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos cumpliendowe are carrying out
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis cumpliendoyou (plural) are carrying out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán cumpliendothey are carrying out, you (plural formal) are carrying out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of cumplir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a cumplir", meaning "I am going to carry out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a cumplirI am going to carry out
vas a cumpliryou are going to carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedva a cumplirs/he is going to carry out, you (formal) are going to carry out
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a cumplirwe are going to carry out
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a cumpliryou (plural) are going to carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a cumplirthey are going to carry out, you (plural formal) are going to carry out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of cumplir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "cumpliré", meaning "I will carry out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumpliréI will carry out
cumplirásyou will carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumplirás/he will carry out, you (formal) will carry out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumpliremoswe will carry out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumpliréisyou (plural) will carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumpliránthey will carry out, you (plural formal) will carry out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of cumplir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "cumpliría", meaning "I would carry out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumpliríaI would carry out
cumpliríasyou would carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumplirías/he would carry out, you (formal) would carry out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumpliríamoswe would carry out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumpliríaisyou (plural) would carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumpliríanthey would carry out, you (plural formal) would carry out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of cumplir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he cumplido", meaning "I have carried out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe cumplidoI have carried out
has cumplidoyou have carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedha cumplidos/he has carried out, you (formal) have carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos cumplidowe have carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis cumplidoyou (plural) have carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan cumplidothey have carried out, you (plural formal) have carried out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of cumplir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había cumplido", meaning "I had carried out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía cumplidoI had carried out
habías cumplidoyou had carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía cumplidos/he had carried out, you (formal) had carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos cumplidowe had carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais cumplidoyou (plural) had carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían cumplidothey had carried out, you (plural formal) had carried out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of cumplir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré cumplido", meaning "I will have carried out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré cumplidoI will have carried out
habrás cumplidoyou will have carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá cumplidos/he will have carried out, you (formal) will have carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos cumplidowe will have carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis cumplidoyou (plural) will have carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán cumplidothey will have carried out, you (plural formal) will have carried out
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Cumplir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of cumplir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría cumplido", meaning "I would have carried out".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría cumplidoI would have carried out
habrías cumplidoyou would have carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría cumplidos/he would have carried out, you (formal) would have carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos cumplidowe would have carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais cumplidoyou (plural) would have carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían cumplidothey would have carried out, you (plural formal) would have carried out
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Subjunctive Tenses of Cumplir

Cumplir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "cumpla", meaning "I carry out".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumplaI carry out
cumplasyou carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumplas/he carry out, you (formal) carry out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumplamoswe carry out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumpláisyou (plural) carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplanthey carry out, you (plural formal) carry out
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Cumplir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "cumpliera", meaning "I carried out".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumplieraI carried out
cumplierasyou carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumplieras/he carried out, you (formal) carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumpliéramoswe carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumplieraisyou (plural) carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplieranthey carried out, you (plural formal) carried out
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Cumplir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "cumpliere", meaning "I will carry out".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocumpliereI will carry out
cumplieresyou will carry out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumplieres/he will carry out, you (formal) will carry out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumpliéremoswe will carry out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumpliereisyou (plural) will carry out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplierenthey will carry out, you (plural formal) will carry out
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Cumplir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya cumplido", meaning "I have carried out".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya cumplidoI have carried out
hayas cumplidoyou have carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya cumplidos/he has carried out, you (formal) have carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos cumplidowe have carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis cumplidoyou (plural) have carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan cumplidothey have carried out, you (plural formal) have carried out
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Cumplir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera cumplido", meaning "I had carried out".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera cumplidoI had carried out
hubieras cumplidoyou had carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera cumplidos/he had carried out, you (formal) had carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos cumplidowe had carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais cumplidoyou (plural) had carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran cumplidothey had carried out, you (plural formal) had carried out
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Cumplir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere cumplido", meaning "I will have carried out".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere cumplidoI will have carried out
hubieres cumplidoyou will have carried out
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere cumplidos/he will have carried out, you (formal) will have carried out
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos cumplidowe will have carried out
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis cumplidoyou (plural) will have carried out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren cumplidothey will have carried out, you (plural formal) will have carried out
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Imperative Tenses of Cumplir

Cumplir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "cumpla", meaning "(to you formal) carry! out".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
cumple(to you) carry! out
Ella / Él / Ustedcumpla(to you formal) carry! out
Nosotras / Nosotroscumplamoslet's carry! out
Vosotras / Vosotroscumplid(to you plural) carry! out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescumplan(to you plural formal) carry! out
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Cumplir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no cumpla", meaning "(to you formal) don't carry! out".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no cumplas(to you) don't carry! out
Ella / Él / Ustedno cumpla(to you formal) don't carry! out
Nosotras / Nosotrosno cumplamoslet's not carry! out
Vosotras / Vosotrosno cumpláis(to you plural) don't carry! out
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno cumplan(to you plural formal) don't carry! out
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Why not check out Cumplir – to carry out, to fulfil or see the complete list of verbs here.

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