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How to conjugate Construir in Spanish

To build, to construct Irregular Verb

Introduction

Construir is the Spanish verb for "to build, to construct". It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to construir include: edificar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveconstruirto build, to construct
Past participleconstruidobuilt
Gerundconstruyendobuilding
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Indicative Tenses of Construir

Construir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of construir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "construyo", meaning "I build".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoconstruyo I build
TĂșconstruyes you build
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruye s/he builds, you (formal) builds
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruimoswe build
Vosotras / VosotrosconstruĂ­syou (plural) build
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconstruyen they build, you (plural formal) build

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of construir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "construĂ­", meaning "I built".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconstruĂ­I built
TĂșconstruisteyou built
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruyó s/he built, you (formal) built
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruimoswe built
Vosotras / Vosotrosconstruisteisyou (plural) built
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconstruyeron they built, you (plural formal) built

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of construir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "construĂ­a", meaning "I used to build".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconstruĂ­aI used to build
TĂșconstruĂ­asyou used to build
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruías/he used to build, you (formal) used to build
Nosotras / NosotrosconstruĂ­amoswe used to build
Vosotras / VosotrosconstruĂ­aisyou (plural) used to build
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesconstruĂ­anthey used to build, you (plural formal) used to build
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Construir in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of construir is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy construyendo", meaning "I am building".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy construyendo I am building
TĂșestĂĄs construyendo you are building
Ella / Él / Ustedestá construyendo s/he is building, you (formal) are building
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos construyendo we are building
Vosotras / VosotrosestĂĄis construyendo you (plural) are building
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesestĂĄn construyendo they are building, you (plural formal) are building

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of construir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a construir", meaning "I am going to build".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro PrĂłximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a construirI am going to build
TĂșvas a construiryou are going to build
Ella / Él / Ustedva a construirs/he is going to build, you (formal) are going to build
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a construirwe are going to build
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a construiryou (plural) are going to build
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a construirthey are going to build, you (plural formal) are going to build
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Construir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of construir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "construiré", meaning "I will build".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconstruiréI will build
TĂșconstruirĂĄsyou will build
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruirás/he will build, you (formal) will build
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruiremoswe will build
Vosotras / Vosotrosconstruiréisyou (plural) will build
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesconstruirĂĄnthey will build, you (plural formal) will build
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Construir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of construir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "construirĂ­a", meaning "I would build".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconstruirĂ­aI would build
TĂșconstruirĂ­asyou would build
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruirías/he would build, you (formal) would build
Nosotras / NosotrosconstruirĂ­amoswe would build
Vosotras / VosotrosconstruirĂ­aisyou (plural) would build
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesconstruirĂ­anthey would build, you (plural formal) would build
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Construir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of construir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he construido", meaning "I have built".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe construidoI have built
TĂșhas construidoyou have built
Ella / Él / Ustedha construidos/he has built, you (formal) have built
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos construidowe have built
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis construidoyou (plural) have built
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan construidothey have built, you (plural formal) have built
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Construir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of construir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "habĂ­a construido", meaning "I had built".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabĂ­a construidoI had built
TĂșhabĂ­as construidoyou had built
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía construidos/he had built, you (formal) had built
Nosotras / NosotroshabĂ­amos construidowe had built
Vosotras / VosotroshabĂ­ais construidoyou (plural) had built
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabĂ­an construidothey had built, you (plural formal) had built
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Construir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of construir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré construido", meaning "I will have built".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré construidoI will have built
TĂșhabrĂĄs construidoyou will have built
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá construidos/he will have built, you (formal) will have built
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos construidowe will have built
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis construidoyou (plural) will have built
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂĄn construidothey will have built, you (plural formal) will have built
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Construir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of construir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the past but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría construido", meaning "I would have built".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabrĂ­a construidoI would have built
TĂșhabrĂ­as construidoyou would have built
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría construidos/he would have built, you (formal) would have built
Nosotras / NosotroshabrĂ­amos construidowe would have built
Vosotras / VosotroshabrĂ­ais construidoyou (plural) would have built
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂ­an construidothey would have built, you (plural formal) would have built
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Subjunctive Tenses of Construir

Construir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "construya", meaning "I build".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoconstruya I build
TĂșconstruyas you build
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruya s/he builds, you (formal) builds
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruyamos we build
Vosotras / VosotrosconstruyĂĄis you (plural) build
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconstruyan they build, you (plural formal) build

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "construyera", meaning "I built".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoconstruyera I built
TĂșconstruyeras you built
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruyera s/he built, you (formal) built
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruyéramos we built
Vosotras / Vosotrosconstruyerais you (plural) built
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconstruyeran they built, you (plural formal) built

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "construyere", meaning "I will build".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoconstruyere I will build
TĂșconstruyeres you will build
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruyere s/he will build, you (formal) will build
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruyéremos we will build
Vosotras / Vosotrosconstruyereis you (plural) will build
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconstruyeren they will build, you (plural formal) will build

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya construido", meaning "I have built".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya construidoI have built
TĂșhayas construidoyou have built
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya construidos/he has built, you (formal) have built
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos construidowe have built
Vosotras / VosotroshayĂĄis construidoyou (plural) have built
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan construidothey have built, you (plural formal) have built
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Construir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera construido", meaning "I had built".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera construidoI had built
TĂșhubieras construidoyou had built
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera construidos/he had built, you (formal) had built
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos construidowe had built
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais construidoyou (plural) had built
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran construidothey had built, you (plural formal) had built
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Construir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere construido", meaning "I will have built".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere construidoI will have built
TĂșhubieres construidoyou will have built
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere construidos/he will have built, you (formal) will have built
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos construidowe will have built
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis construidoyou (plural) will have built
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren construidothey will have built, you (plural formal) will have built
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Imperative Tenses of Construir

Construir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "construya", meaning "(to you formal) build!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂșconstruye (to you) build!
Ella / Él / Ustedconstruya (to you formal) build!
Nosotras / Nosotrosconstruyamos let's build!
Vosotras / Vosotrosconstruid(to you plural) build!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconstruyan (to you plural formal) build!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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Construir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no construya", meaning "(to you formal) don't build!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂșno construyas (to you) don't build!
Ella / Él / Ustedno construya (to you formal) don't build!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno construyamos let's not build!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno construyĂĄis (to you plural) don't build!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno construyan (to you plural formal) don't build!

The red dot () above denotes an irregular conjugation.

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