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How to conjugate Conocer in Spanish

To know (people, places) Irregular

Introduction

Conocer is the Spanish verb meaning "to know" (people, places). Some examples: "Do you know my friend Juan?" / "I have been to Valencia once before, but I don't know it very well". Conocer is not to be confused for the verb Saber, which also means "to know".

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveconocerto know (people, places)
Past participleconocidoknown
Gerundconociendoknowing

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Indicative Tenses of Conocer

Conocer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of conocer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "conozco la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I know the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconozcoI know
conocesyou know
Ella / Él / Ustedconoces/he know, you (formal) know
Nosotras / Nosotrosconocemoswe know
Vosotras / Vosotrosconocéisyou (plural) know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconocenthey know, you (plural formal) know
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Conocer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of conocer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "conocí la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I knew the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconocíI knew
conocisteyou knew
Ella / Él / Ustedconociós/he knew, you (formal) knew
Nosotras / Nosotrosconocimoswe knew
Vosotras / Vosotrosconocisteisyou (plural) knew
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconocieronthey knew, you (plural formal) knew
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Conocer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of conocer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "conocía la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I used to know the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconocíaI used to know
conocíasyou used to know
Ella / Él / Ustedconocías/he used to know, you (formal) used to know
Nosotras / Nosotrosconocíamoswe used to know
Vosotras / Vosotrosconocíaisyou (plural) used to know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconocíanthey used to know, you (plural formal) used to know
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Conocer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of conocer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "conoceré la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I will know the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconoceréI will know
conocerásyou will know
Ella / Él / Ustedconocerás/he will know, you (formal) will know
Nosotras / Nosotrosconoceremoswe will know
Vosotras / Vosotrosconoceréisyou (plural) will know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconoceránthey will know, you (plural formal) will know
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Conocer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of conocer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "conocería la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I would know the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconoceríaI would know
conoceríasyou would know
Ella / Él / Ustedconocerías/he would know, you (formal) would know
Nosotras / Nosotrosconoceríamoswe would know
Vosotras / Vosotrosconoceríaisyou (plural) would know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconoceríanthey would know, you (plural formal) would know
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Conocer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of conocer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he conocido la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I have known the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe conocidoI have known
has conocidoyou have known
Ella / Él / Ustedha conocidos/he has known, you (formal) have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos conocidowe have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis conocidoyou (plural) have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan conocidothey have known, you (plural formal) have known
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Conocer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of conocer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había conocido la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I had known the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía conocidoI had known
habías conocidoyou had known
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía conocidos/he had known, you (formal) had known
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos conocidowe had known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais conocidoyou (plural) had known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían conocidothey had known, you (plural formal) had known
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Conocer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of conocer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré conocido la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I will have known the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré conocidoI will have known
habrás conocidoyou will have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá conocidos/he will have known, you (formal) will have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos conocidowe will have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis conocidoyou (plural) will have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán conocidothey will have known, you (plural formal) will have known
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Conocer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of conocer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría conocido la cuidad de Sevilla", meaning "I would have known the city of Seville".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría conocidoI would have known
habrías conocidoyou would have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría conocidos/he would have known, you (formal) would have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos conocidowe would have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais conocidoyou (plural) would have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían conocidothey would have known, you (plural formal) would have known
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Conocer

Conocer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "conozca", meaning "I know".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconozcaI know
conozcasyou know
Ella / Él / Ustedconozcas/he know, you (formal) know
Nosotras / Nosotrosconozcamoswe know
Vosotras / Vosotrosconozcáisyou (plural) know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconozcanthey know, you (plural formal) know
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Conocer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "conociera", meaning "I knew".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconocieraI knew
conocierasyou knew
Ella / Él / Ustedconocieras/he knew, you (formal) knew
Nosotras / Nosotrosconociéramoswe knew
Vosotras / Vosotrosconocieraisyou (plural) knew
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconocieranthey knew, you (plural formal) knew
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Conocer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "conociere", meaning "I will know".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoconociereI will know
conocieresyou will know
Ella / Él / Ustedconocieres/he will know, you (formal) will know
Nosotras / Nosotrosconociéremoswe will know
Vosotras / Vosotrosconociereisyou (plural) will know
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconocierenthey will know, you (plural formal) will know
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Conocer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya conocido", meaning "I have known".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya conocidoI have known
hayas conocidoyou have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya conocidos/he has known, you (formal) have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos conocidowe have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis conocidoyou (plural) have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan conocidothey have known, you (plural formal) have known
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Conocer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera conocido", meaning "I had known".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera conocidoI had known
hubieras conocidoyou had known
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera conocidos/he had known, you (formal) had known
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos conocidowe had known
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais conocidoyou (plural) had known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran conocidothey had known, you (plural formal) had known
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Conocer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere conocido", meaning "I will have known".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere conocidoI will have known
hubieres conocidoyou will have known
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere conocidos/he will have known, you (formal) will have known
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos conocidowe will have known
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis conocidoyou (plural) will have known
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren conocidothey will have known, you (plural formal) will have known
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Imperative Tenses of Conocer

Conocer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "conozca", meaning "(to you formal) know!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
conoce(to you) know!
Ella / Él / Ustedconozca(to you formal) know!
Nosotras / Nosotrosconozcamos(to we) know!
Vosotras / Vosotrosconoced(to you plural) know!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesconozcan(to you plural formal) know!
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Conocer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no conozca", meaning "(to you formal) don't know!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no conozcas(to you) don't know!
Ella / Él / Ustedno conozca(to you formal) don't know!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno conozcamos(to we) don't know!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno conozcáis(to you plural) don't know!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno conozcan(to you plural formal) don't know!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Si no me conocías así, entonces simplemente no me conocías. If you didn't know me that way then you simply didn't know me.
  • ¿Quién no conoce este problema? Who doesn't know this problem?!
  • Aquellos que le conocen le aprecian. Those who know him like him.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out vivir – to live or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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