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How to conjugate Comprender in Spanish

To comprehend, to understand Regular ER Verb

Introduction

Comprender is the Spanish verb for "to comprehend, to understand". It is a regular ER verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to comprender include: entender.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivecomprenderto comprehend, to understand
Past participlecomprendidocomprehended
Gerundcomprendiendocomprehending
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Indicative Tenses of Comprender

Comprender in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of comprender is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "comprendo", meaning "I comprehend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendoI comprehend
Túcomprendesyou comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendes/he comprehend, you (formal) comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendemoswe comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendéisyou (plural) comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendenthey comprehend, you (plural formal) comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of comprender is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "comprendí", meaning "I comprehended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendíI comprehended
Túcomprendisteyou comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendiós/he comprehended, you (formal) comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendimoswe comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendisteisyou (plural) comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendieronthey comprehended, you (plural formal) comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of comprender is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "comprendía", meaning "I used to comprehend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendíaI used to comprehend
Túcomprendíasyou used to comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendías/he used to comprehend, you (formal) used to comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendíamoswe used to comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendíaisyou (plural) used to comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendíanthey used to comprehend, you (plural formal) used to comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of comprender is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy comprendiendo", meaning "I am comprehending".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy comprendiendoI am comprehending
Túestás comprendiendoyou are comprehending
Ella / Él / Ustedestá comprendiendos/he is comprehending, you (formal) are comprehending
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos comprendiendowe are comprehending
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis comprendiendoyou (plural) are comprehending
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán comprendiendothey are comprehending, you (plural formal) are comprehending
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Comprender in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of comprender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a comprender", meaning "I am going to comprehend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a comprenderI am going to comprehend
Túvas a comprenderyou are going to comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedva a comprenders/he is going to comprehend, you (formal) are going to comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a comprenderwe are going to comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a comprenderyou (plural) are going to comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a comprenderthey are going to comprehend, you (plural formal) are going to comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of comprender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "comprenderé", meaning "I will comprehend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprenderéI will comprehend
Túcomprenderásyou will comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprenderás/he will comprehend, you (formal) will comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprenderemoswe will comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprenderéisyou (plural) will comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprenderánthey will comprehend, you (plural formal) will comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of comprender is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "comprendería", meaning "I would comprehend".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprenderíaI would comprehend
Túcomprenderíasyou would comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprenderías/he would comprehend, you (formal) would comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprenderíamoswe would comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprenderíaisyou (plural) would comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprenderíanthey would comprehend, you (plural formal) would comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of comprender is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he comprendido", meaning "I have comprehended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe comprendidoI have comprehended
Túhas comprendidoyou have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedha comprendidos/he has comprehended, you (formal) have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos comprendidowe have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis comprendidoyou (plural) have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan comprendidothey have comprehended, you (plural formal) have comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of comprender is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había comprendido", meaning "I had comprehended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía comprendidoI had comprehended
Túhabías comprendidoyou had comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía comprendidos/he had comprehended, you (formal) had comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos comprendidowe had comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais comprendidoyou (plural) had comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían comprendidothey had comprehended, you (plural formal) had comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of comprender is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré comprendido", meaning "I will have comprehended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré comprendidoI will have comprehended
Túhabrás comprendidoyou will have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá comprendidos/he will have comprehended, you (formal) will have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos comprendidowe will have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis comprendidoyou (plural) will have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán comprendidothey will have comprehended, you (plural formal) will have comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of comprender is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría comprendido", meaning "I would have comprehended".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría comprendidoI would have comprehended
Túhabrías comprendidoyou would have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría comprendidos/he would have comprehended, you (formal) would have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos comprendidowe would have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais comprendidoyou (plural) would have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían comprendidothey would have comprehended, you (plural formal) would have comprehended
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Subjunctive Tenses of Comprender

Comprender in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "comprenda", meaning "I comprehend".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendaI comprehend
Túcomprendasyou comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendas/he comprehend, you (formal) comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendamoswe comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendáisyou (plural) comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendanthey comprehend, you (plural formal) comprehend
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "comprendiera", meaning "I comprehended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendieraI comprehended
Túcomprendierasyou comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendieras/he comprehended, you (formal) comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendiéramoswe comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendieraisyou (plural) comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendieranthey comprehended, you (plural formal) comprehended
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "comprendiere", meaning "I will comprehend".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendiereI will comprehend
Túcomprendieresyou will comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendieres/he will comprehend, you (formal) will comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendiéremoswe will comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendiereisyou (plural) will comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendierenthey will comprehend, you (plural formal) will comprehend
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya comprendido", meaning "I have comprehended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya comprendidoI have comprehended
Túhayas comprendidoyou have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya comprendidos/he has comprehended, you (formal) have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos comprendidowe have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis comprendidoyou (plural) have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan comprendidothey have comprehended, you (plural formal) have comprehended
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera comprendido", meaning "I had comprehended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera comprendidoI had comprehended
Túhubieras comprendidoyou had comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera comprendidos/he had comprehended, you (formal) had comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos comprendidowe had comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais comprendidoyou (plural) had comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran comprendidothey had comprehended, you (plural formal) had comprehended
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere comprendido", meaning "I will have comprehended".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere comprendidoI will have comprehended
Túhubieres comprendidoyou will have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere comprendidos/he will have comprehended, you (formal) will have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos comprendidowe will have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis comprendidoyou (plural) will have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren comprendidothey will have comprehended, you (plural formal) will have comprehended
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Imperative Tenses of Comprender

Comprender in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "comprenda", meaning "(to you formal) comprehend!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túcomprende(to you) comprehend!
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprenda(to you formal) comprehend!
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendamoslet's comprehend!
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprended(to you plural) comprehend!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendan(to you plural formal) comprehend!
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Comprender in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no comprenda", meaning "(to you formal) don't comprehend!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
Túno comprendas(to you) don't comprehend!
Ella / Él / Ustedno comprenda(to you formal) don't comprehend!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno comprendamoslet's not comprehend!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno comprendáis(to you plural) don't comprehend!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno comprendan(to you plural formal) don't comprehend!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Comprendo cómo te sientes. I understand how you feel.
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