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How to conjugate Comprender in Spanish

To comprehend, to understand

Introduction

Comprender is the Spanish verb for to comprehend, to understand. It is a regular ER verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivecomprenderto comprehend, to understand
Past participlecomprendidocomprehended
Gerundcomprendiendocomprehending

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Indicative Tenses of Comprender

Comprender in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of comprender is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "comprendo", meaning "I comprehend".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendoI comprehend
comprendesyou comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendes/he comprehend, you (formal) comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendemoswe comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendéisyou (plural) comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendenthey comprehend, you (plural formal) comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of comprender is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "comprendí", meaning "I comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendíI comprehended
comprendisteyou comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendiós/he comprehended, you (formal) comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendimoswe comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendisteisyou (plural) comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendieronthey comprehended, you (plural formal) comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of comprender is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "comprendía", meaning "I used to comprehend".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendíaI used to comprehend
comprendíasyou used to comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendías/he used to comprehend, you (formal) used to comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendíamoswe used to comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendíaisyou (plural) used to comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendíanthey used to comprehend, you (plural formal) used to comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of comprender is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "comprenderé", meaning "I will comprehend".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprenderéI will comprehend
comprenderásyou will comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprenderás/he will comprehend, you (formal) will comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprenderemoswe will comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprenderéisyou (plural) will comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprenderánthey will comprehend, you (plural formal) will comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of comprender is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "comprendería", meaning "I would comprehend".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprenderíaI would comprehend
comprenderíasyou would comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprenderías/he would comprehend, you (formal) would comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprenderíamoswe would comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprenderíaisyou (plural) would comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprenderíanthey would comprehend, you (plural formal) would comprehend
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Comprender in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of comprender is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he comprendido", meaning "I have comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe comprendidoI have comprehended
has comprendidoyou have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedha comprendidos/he has comprehended, you (formal) have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos comprendidowe have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis comprendidoyou (plural) have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan comprendidothey have comprehended, you (plural formal) have comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of comprender is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había comprendido", meaning "I had comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía comprendidoI had comprehended
habías comprendidoyou had comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía comprendidos/he had comprehended, you (formal) had comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos comprendidowe had comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais comprendidoyou (plural) had comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían comprendidothey had comprehended, you (plural formal) had comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of comprender is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré comprendido", meaning "I will have comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré comprendidoI will have comprehended
habrás comprendidoyou will have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá comprendidos/he will have comprehended, you (formal) will have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos comprendidowe will have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis comprendidoyou (plural) will have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán comprendidothey will have comprehended, you (plural formal) will have comprehended
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Comprender in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of comprender is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría comprendido", meaning "I would have comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría comprendidoI would have comprehended
habrías comprendidoyou would have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría comprendidos/he would have comprehended, you (formal) would have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos comprendidowe would have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais comprendidoyou (plural) would have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían comprendidothey would have comprehended, you (plural formal) would have comprehended
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Comprender

Comprender in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "comprenda", meaning "I comprehend".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendaI comprehend
comprendasyou comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendas/he comprehend, you (formal) comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendamoswe comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendáisyou (plural) comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendanthey comprehend, you (plural formal) comprehend
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "comprendiera", meaning "I comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendieraI comprehended
comprendierasyou comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendieras/he comprehended, you (formal) comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendiéramoswe comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendieraisyou (plural) comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendieranthey comprehended, you (plural formal) comprehended
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "comprendiere", meaning "I will comprehend".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprendiereI will comprehend
comprendieresyou will comprehend
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprendieres/he will comprehend, you (formal) will comprehend
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendiéremoswe will comprehend
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprendiereisyou (plural) will comprehend
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendierenthey will comprehend, you (plural formal) will comprehend
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya comprendido", meaning "I have comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya comprendidoI have comprehended
hayas comprendidoyou have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya comprendidos/he has comprehended, you (formal) have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos comprendidowe have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis comprendidoyou (plural) have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan comprendidothey have comprehended, you (plural formal) have comprehended
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera comprendido", meaning "I had comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera comprendidoI had comprehended
hubieras comprendidoyou had comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera comprendidos/he had comprehended, you (formal) had comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos comprendidowe had comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais comprendidoyou (plural) had comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran comprendidothey had comprehended, you (plural formal) had comprehended
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Comprender in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere comprendido", meaning "I will have comprehended".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere comprendidoI will have comprehended
hubieres comprendidoyou will have comprehended
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere comprendidos/he will have comprehended, you (formal) will have comprehended
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos comprendidowe will have comprehended
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis comprendidoyou (plural) will have comprehended
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren comprendidothey will have comprehended, you (plural formal) will have comprehended
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Imperative Tenses of Comprender

Comprender in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "comprenda", meaning "(to you formal) comprehend!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
comprende(to you) comprehend!
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprenda(to you formal) comprehend!
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprendamos(to we) comprehend!
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprended(to you plural) comprehend!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprendan(to you plural formal) comprehend!
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Comprender in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no comprenda", meaning "(to you formal) don't comprehend!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no comprendas(to you) don't comprehend!
Ella / Él / Ustedno comprenda(to you formal) don't comprehend!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno comprendamos(to we) don't comprehend!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno comprendáis(to you plural) don't comprehend!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno comprendan(to you plural formal) don't comprehend!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Comprendo cómo te sientes. I understand how you feel.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out cambiar – to change or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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