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How to conjugate Comprar in Spanish

To buy Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Comprar is the Spanish verb for "to buy". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivecomprarto buy
Past participlecompradobought
Gerundcomprandobuying
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Indicative Tenses of Comprar

Comprar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of comprar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "compro", meaning "I buy".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomproI buy
comprasyou buy
Ella / Él / Ustedcompras/he buy, you (formal) buy
Nosotras / Nosotroscompramoswe buy
Vosotras / Vosotroscompráisyou (plural) buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescompranthey buy, you (plural formal) buy
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Comprar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of comprar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "compré", meaning "I bought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocompréI bought
comprasteyou bought
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprós/he bought, you (formal) bought
Nosotras / Nosotroscompramoswe bought
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprasteisyou (plural) bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescompraronthey bought, you (plural formal) bought
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Comprar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of comprar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "compraba", meaning "I used to buy".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprabaI used to buy
comprabasyou used to buy
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprabas/he used to buy, you (formal) used to buy
Nosotras / Nosotroscomprábamoswe used to buy
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprabaisyou (plural) used to buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprabanthey used to buy, you (plural formal) used to buy
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Comprar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of comprar is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy comprando", meaning "I am buying".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy comprandoI am buying
estás comprandoyou are buying
Ella / Él / Ustedestá comprandos/he is buying, you (formal) are buying
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos comprandowe are buying
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis comprandoyou (plural) are buying
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán comprandothey are buying, you (plural formal) are buying
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Comprar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of comprar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a comprar", meaning "I am going to buy".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro Próximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a comprarI am going to buy
vas a compraryou are going to buy
Ella / Él / Ustedva a comprars/he is going to buy, you (formal) are going to buy
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a comprarwe are going to buy
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a compraryou (plural) are going to buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a comprarthey are going to buy, you (plural formal) are going to buy
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Comprar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of comprar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "compraré", meaning "I will buy".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocompraréI will buy
comprarásyou will buy
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprarás/he will buy, you (formal) will buy
Nosotras / Nosotroscompraremoswe will buy
Vosotras / Vosotroscompraréisyou (plural) will buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescompraránthey will buy, you (plural formal) will buy
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Comprar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of comprar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "compraría", meaning "I would buy".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocompraríaI would buy
compraríasyou would buy
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprarías/he would buy, you (formal) would buy
Nosotras / Nosotroscompraríamoswe would buy
Vosotras / Vosotroscompraríaisyou (plural) would buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescompraríanthey would buy, you (plural formal) would buy
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Comprar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of comprar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he comprado", meaning "I have bought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe compradoI have bought
has compradoyou have bought
Ella / Él / Ustedha comprados/he has bought, you (formal) have bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos compradowe have bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis compradoyou (plural) have bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan compradothey have bought, you (plural formal) have bought
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Comprar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of comprar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había comprado", meaning "I had bought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía compradoI had bought
habías compradoyou had bought
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía comprados/he had bought, you (formal) had bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos compradowe had bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais compradoyou (plural) had bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían compradothey had bought, you (plural formal) had bought
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Comprar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of comprar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré comprado", meaning "I will have bought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré compradoI will have bought
habrás compradoyou will have bought
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá comprados/he will have bought, you (formal) will have bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos compradowe will have bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis compradoyou (plural) will have bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán compradothey will have bought, you (plural formal) will have bought
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Comprar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of comprar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría comprado", meaning "I would have bought".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría compradoI would have bought
habrías compradoyou would have bought
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría comprados/he would have bought, you (formal) would have bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos compradowe would have bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais compradoyou (plural) would have bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían compradothey would have bought, you (plural formal) would have bought
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Subjunctive Tenses of Comprar

Comprar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "compre", meaning "I buy".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocompreI buy
compresyou buy
Ella / Él / Ustedcompres/he buy, you (formal) buy
Nosotras / Nosotroscompremoswe buy
Vosotras / Vosotroscompréisyou (plural) buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprenthey buy, you (plural formal) buy
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Comprar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "comprara", meaning "I bought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocompraraI bought
comprarasyou bought
Ella / Él / Ustedcompraras/he bought, you (formal) bought
Nosotras / Nosotroscompráramoswe bought
Vosotras / Vosotroscompraraisyou (plural) bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescompraranthey bought, you (plural formal) bought
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Comprar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "comprare", meaning "I will buy".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomprareI will buy
compraresyou will buy
Ella / Él / Ustedcomprares/he will buy, you (formal) will buy
Nosotras / Nosotroscompráremoswe will buy
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprareisyou (plural) will buy
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomprarenthey will buy, you (plural formal) will buy
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Comprar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya comprado", meaning "I have bought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya compradoI have bought
hayas compradoyou have bought
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya comprados/he has bought, you (formal) have bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos compradowe have bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis compradoyou (plural) have bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan compradothey have bought, you (plural formal) have bought
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Comprar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera comprado", meaning "I had bought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera compradoI had bought
hubieras compradoyou had bought
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera comprados/he had bought, you (formal) had bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos compradowe had bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais compradoyou (plural) had bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran compradothey had bought, you (plural formal) had bought
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Comprar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere comprado", meaning "I will have bought".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere compradoI will have bought
hubieres compradoyou will have bought
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere comprados/he will have bought, you (formal) will have bought
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos compradowe will have bought
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis compradoyou (plural) will have bought
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren compradothey will have bought, you (plural formal) will have bought
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Imperative Tenses of Comprar

Comprar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "compre", meaning "(to you formal) buy!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
compra(to you) buy!
Ella / Él / Ustedcompre(to you formal) buy!
Nosotras / Nosotroscompremoslet's buy!
Vosotras / Vosotroscomprad(to you plural) buy!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescompren(to you plural formal) buy!
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Comprar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no compre", meaning "(to you formal) don't buy!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no compres(to you) don't buy!
Ella / Él / Ustedno compre(to you formal) don't buy!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno compremoslet's not buy!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno compréis(to you plural) don't buy!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno compren(to you plural formal) don't buy!
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