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How to conjugate Comer in Spanish

To eat Regular ER Verb

Introduction

Comer is the Spanish verb for "to eat". It is a regular ER verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishEnglish
Infinitivecomerto eat
Past participlecomidoeaten
Gerundcomiendoeating

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Indicative Tenses of Comer

Comer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of comer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "como", meaning "I eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomoI eat
comesyou eat
Ella / Él / Ustedcomes/he eat, you (formal) eat
Nosotras / Nosotroscomemoswe eat
Vosotras / Vosotroscoméisyou (plural) eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenthey eat, you (plural formal) eat
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Comer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of comer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "comí", meaning "I ate".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomíI ate
comisteyou ate
Ella / Él / Ustedcomiós/he ate, you (formal) ate
Nosotras / Nosotroscomimoswe ate
Vosotras / Vosotroscomisteisyou (plural) ate
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomieronthey ate, you (plural formal) ate
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Comer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of comer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "comía", meaning "I used to eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomíaI used to eat
comíasyou used to eat
Ella / Él / Ustedcomías/he used to eat, you (formal) used to eat
Nosotras / Nosotroscomíamoswe used to eat
Vosotras / Vosotroscomíaisyou (plural) used to eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomíanthey used to eat, you (plural formal) used to eat
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Comer in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of comer is used to talk about something that is happening continuosly or right now. For example, "estoy comiendo", meaning "I am eating".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy comiendoI am eating
estás comiendoyou are eating
Ella / Él / Ustedestá comiendos/he is eating, you (formal) are eating
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos comiendowe are eating
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis comiendoyou (plural) are eating
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán comiendothey are eating, you (plural formal) are eating
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Comer in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of comer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a comer", meaning "I am going to eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a comerI am going to eat
vas a comeryou are going to eat
Ella / Él / Ustedva a comers/he is going to eat, you (formal) are going to eat
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a comerwe are going to eat
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a comeryou (plural) are going to eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a comerthey are going to eat, you (plural formal) are going to eat
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Comer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of comer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "comeré", meaning "I will eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomeréI will eat
comerásyou will eat
Ella / Él / Ustedcomerás/he will eat, you (formal) will eat
Nosotras / Nosotroscomeremoswe will eat
Vosotras / Vosotroscomeréisyou (plural) will eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomeránthey will eat, you (plural formal) will eat
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Comer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of comer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "comería", meaning "I would eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomeríaI would eat
comeríasyou would eat
Ella / Él / Ustedcomerías/he would eat, you (formal) would eat
Nosotras / Nosotroscomeríamoswe would eat
Vosotras / Vosotroscomeríaisyou (plural) would eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomeríanthey would eat, you (plural formal) would eat
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Comer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of comer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he comido", meaning "I have eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe comidoI have eaten
has comidoyou have eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedha comidos/he has eaten, you (formal) have eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos comidowe have eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis comidoyou (plural) have eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan comidothey have eaten, you (plural formal) have eaten
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Comer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of comer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había comido", meaning "I had eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía comidoI had eaten
habías comidoyou had eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía comidos/he had eaten, you (formal) had eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos comidowe had eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais comidoyou (plural) had eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían comidothey had eaten, you (plural formal) had eaten
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Comer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of comer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré comido", meaning "I will have eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré comidoI will have eaten
habrás comidoyou will have eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá comidos/he will have eaten, you (formal) will have eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos comidowe will have eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis comidoyou (plural) will have eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán comidothey will have eaten, you (plural formal) will have eaten
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Comer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of comer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría comido", meaning "I would have eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría comidoI would have eaten
habrías comidoyou would have eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría comidos/he would have eaten, you (formal) would have eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos comidowe would have eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais comidoyou (plural) would have eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían comidothey would have eaten, you (plural formal) would have eaten
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Subjunctive Tenses of Comer

Comer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "coma", meaning "I eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomaI eat
comasyou eat
Ella / Él / Ustedcomas/he eat, you (formal) eat
Nosotras / Nosotroscomamoswe eat
Vosotras / Vosotroscomáisyou (plural) eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomanthey eat, you (plural formal) eat
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Comer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "comiera", meaning "I ate".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomieraI ate
comierasyou ate
Ella / Él / Ustedcomieras/he ate, you (formal) ate
Nosotras / Nosotroscomiéramoswe ate
Vosotras / Vosotroscomieraisyou (plural) ate
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomieranthey ate, you (plural formal) ate
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Comer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. For example, "comiere", meaning "I will eat".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomiereI will eat
comieresyou will eat
Ella / Él / Ustedcomieres/he will eat, you (formal) will eat
Nosotras / Nosotroscomiéremoswe will eat
Vosotras / Vosotroscomiereisyou (plural) will eat
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomierenthey will eat, you (plural formal) will eat
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Comer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya comido", meaning "I have eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya comidoI have eaten
hayas comidoyou have eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya comidos/he has eaten, you (formal) have eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos comidowe have eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis comidoyou (plural) have eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan comidothey have eaten, you (plural formal) have eaten
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Comer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera comido", meaning "I had eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera comidoI had eaten
hubieras comidoyou had eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera comidos/he had eaten, you (formal) had eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos comidowe had eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais comidoyou (plural) had eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran comidothey had eaten, you (plural formal) had eaten
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Comer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. For example, "hubiere comido", meaning "I will have eaten".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere comidoI will have eaten
hubieres comidoyou will have eaten
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere comidos/he will have eaten, you (formal) will have eaten
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos comidowe will have eaten
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis comidoyou (plural) will have eaten
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren comidothey will have eaten, you (plural formal) will have eaten
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Imperative Tenses of Comer

Comer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "coma", meaning "(to you formal) eat!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
come(to you) eat!
Ella / Él / Ustedcoma(to you formal) eat!
Nosotras / Nosotroscomamoslet's eat!
Vosotras / Vosotroscomed(to you plural) eat!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescoman(to you plural formal) eat!
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Comer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no coma", meaning "(to you formal) don't eat!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no comas(to you) don't eat!
Ella / Él / Ustedno coma(to you formal) don't eat!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno comamoslet's not eat!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno comáis(to you plural) don't eat!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno coman(to you plural formal) don't eat!
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