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How to conjugate Comenzar in Spanish

To start, to commence, to begin Irregular

Introduction

Comenzar is the Spanish verb for to start, to commence, to begin. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivecomenzarto start, to commence, to begin
Past participlecomenzadostarted
Gerundcomenzandostarting

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Indicative Tenses of Comenzar

Comenzar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of comenzar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "comienzo el día con el desayuno", meaning "I start the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomienzoI start
comienzasyou start
Ella / Él / Ustedcomienzas/he start, you (formal) start
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzamoswe start
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzáisyou (plural) start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomienzanthey start, you (plural formal) start
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Comenzar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of comenzar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "comencé el día con el desayuno", meaning "I started the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomencéI started
comenzasteyou started
Ella / Él / Ustedcomenzós/he started, you (formal) started
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzamoswe started
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzasteisyou (plural) started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenzaronthey started, you (plural formal) started
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Comenzar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of comenzar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "comenzaba el día con el desayuno", meaning "I used to start the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomenzabaI used to start
comenzabasyou used to start
Ella / Él / Ustedcomenzabas/he used to start, you (formal) used to start
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzábamoswe used to start
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzabaisyou (plural) used to start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenzabanthey used to start, you (plural formal) used to start
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Comenzar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of comenzar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "comenzaré el día con el desayuno", meaning "I will start the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomenzaréI will start
comenzarásyou will start
Ella / Él / Ustedcomenzarás/he will start, you (formal) will start
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzaremoswe will start
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzaréisyou (plural) will start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenzaránthey will start, you (plural formal) will start
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Comenzar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of comenzar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "comenzaría el día con el desayuno", meaning "I would start the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomenzaríaI would start
comenzaríasyou would start
Ella / Él / Ustedcomenzarías/he would start, you (formal) would start
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzaríamoswe would start
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzaríaisyou (plural) would start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenzaríanthey would start, you (plural formal) would start
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Comenzar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of comenzar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he comenzado el día con el desayuno", meaning "I have started the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe comenzadoI have started
has comenzadoyou have started
Ella / Él / Ustedha comenzados/he has started, you (formal) have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos comenzadowe have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis comenzadoyou (plural) have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan comenzadothey have started, you (plural formal) have started
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Comenzar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of comenzar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había comenzado el día con el desayuno", meaning "I had started the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía comenzadoI had started
habías comenzadoyou had started
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía comenzados/he had started, you (formal) had started
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos comenzadowe had started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais comenzadoyou (plural) had started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían comenzadothey had started, you (plural formal) had started
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Comenzar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of comenzar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré comenzado el día con el desayuno", meaning "I will have started the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré comenzadoI will have started
habrás comenzadoyou will have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá comenzados/he will have started, you (formal) will have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos comenzadowe will have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis comenzadoyou (plural) will have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán comenzadothey will have started, you (plural formal) will have started
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Comenzar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of comenzar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría comenzado el día con el desayuno", meaning "I would have started the day with breakfast".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría comenzadoI would have started
habrías comenzadoyou would have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría comenzados/he would have started, you (formal) would have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos comenzadowe would have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais comenzadoyou (plural) would have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían comenzadothey would have started, you (plural formal) would have started
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Comenzar

Comenzar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "comience", meaning "I start".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomienceI start
comiencesyou start
Ella / Él / Ustedcomiences/he start, you (formal) start
Nosotras / Nosotroscomencemoswe start
Vosotras / Vosotroscomencéisyou (plural) start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomiencenthey start, you (plural formal) start
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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "comenzara", meaning "I started".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomenzaraI started
comenzarasyou started
Ella / Él / Ustedcomenzaras/he started, you (formal) started
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzáramoswe started
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzaraisyou (plural) started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenzaranthey started, you (plural formal) started
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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "comenzare", meaning "I will start".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocomenzareI will start
comenzaresyou will start
Ella / Él / Ustedcomenzares/he will start, you (formal) will start
Nosotras / Nosotroscomenzáremoswe will start
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzareisyou (plural) will start
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomenzarenthey will start, you (plural formal) will start
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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya comenzado", meaning "I have started".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya comenzadoI have started
hayas comenzadoyou have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya comenzados/he has started, you (formal) have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos comenzadowe have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis comenzadoyou (plural) have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan comenzadothey have started, you (plural formal) have started
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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera comenzado", meaning "I had started".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera comenzadoI had started
hubieras comenzadoyou had started
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera comenzados/he had started, you (formal) had started
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos comenzadowe had started
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais comenzadoyou (plural) had started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran comenzadothey had started, you (plural formal) had started
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Comenzar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere comenzado", meaning "I will have started".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere comenzadoI will have started
hubieres comenzadoyou will have started
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere comenzados/he will have started, you (formal) will have started
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos comenzadowe will have started
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis comenzadoyou (plural) will have started
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren comenzadothey will have started, you (plural formal) will have started
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Imperative Tenses of Comenzar

Comenzar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "comience", meaning "(to you formal) start!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
comienza(to you) start!
Ella / Él / Ustedcomience(to you formal) start!
Nosotras / Nosotroscomencemos(to we) start!
Vosotras / Vosotroscomenzad(to you plural) start!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescomiencen(to you plural formal) start!
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Comenzar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no comience", meaning "(to you formal) don't start!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no comiences(to you) don't start!
Ella / Él / Ustedno comience(to you formal) don't start!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno comencemos(to we) don't start!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno comencéis(to you plural) don't start!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno comiencen(to you plural formal) don't start!
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Example sentences and usage

  • La ceremonia comenzó con su discurso. The ceremony began with his speech.
  • Las vacaciones de verano comienzan el próximo lunes. Summer vacation begins next Monday.
  • La vida comienza cuando uno paga impuestos. Life begins when you pay taxes.
  • ¿Crees que comenzará la guerra? Do you believe war will start?
  • Sería mejor que comenzaras. You'd better start now.
  • ¿Cuándo comenzaste a estudiar inglés? When did you begin studying English?
  • De repente comenzó a llover. Suddenly rain began to fall.
  • La ceremonia comenzó con su discurso. The ceremony began with his speech.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out partir – to split, to depart or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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