Skip to content
  1. Home>
  2. verbs>
  3. caer

How to conjugate Caer in Spanish

To fall Irregular

Introduction

Caer is the Spanish verb for to fall. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivecaerto fall
Past participlecaídofallen
Gerundcayendofalling

Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Indicative Tenses of Caer

Caer in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of caer is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "caigo en el suelo", meaning "I fall on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocaigoI fall
caesyou fall
Ella / Él / Ustedcaes/he fall, you (formal) fall
Nosotras / Nosotroscaemoswe fall
Vosotras / Vosotroscaéisyou (plural) fall
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescaenthey fall, you (plural formal) fall
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of caer is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "caí en el suelo", meaning "I fell on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocaíI fell
caísteyou fell
Ella / Él / Ustedcayós/he fell, you (formal) fell
Nosotras / Nosotroscaímoswe fell
Vosotras / Vosotroscaísteisyou (plural) fell
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescayeronthey fell, you (plural formal) fell
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of caer is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "caía en el suelo", meaning "I used to fall on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocaíaI used to fall
caíasyou used to fall
Ella / Él / Ustedcaías/he used to fall, you (formal) used to fall
Nosotras / Nosotroscaíamoswe used to fall
Vosotras / Vosotroscaíaisyou (plural) used to fall
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescaíanthey used to fall, you (plural formal) used to fall
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of caer is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "caeré en el suelo", meaning "I will fall on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocaeréI will fall
caerásyou will fall
Ella / Él / Ustedcaerás/he will fall, you (formal) will fall
Nosotras / Nosotroscaeremoswe will fall
Vosotras / Vosotroscaeréisyou (plural) will fall
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescaeránthey will fall, you (plural formal) will fall
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of caer is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "caería en el suelo", meaning "I would fall on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocaeríaI would fall
caeríasyou would fall
Ella / Él / Ustedcaerías/he would fall, you (formal) would fall
Nosotras / Nosotroscaeríamoswe would fall
Vosotras / Vosotroscaeríaisyou (plural) would fall
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescaeríanthey would fall, you (plural formal) would fall
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of caer is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he caído en el suelo", meaning "I have fallen on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe caídoI have fallen
has caídoyou have fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedha caídos/he has fallen, you (formal) have fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos caídowe have fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis caídoyou (plural) have fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan caídothey have fallen, you (plural formal) have fallen
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of caer is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había caído en el suelo", meaning "I had fallen on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía caídoI had fallen
habías caídoyou had fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía caídos/he had fallen, you (formal) had fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos caídowe had fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais caídoyou (plural) had fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían caídothey had fallen, you (plural formal) had fallen
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of caer is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré caído en el suelo", meaning "I will have fallen on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré caídoI will have fallen
habrás caídoyou will have fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá caídos/he will have fallen, you (formal) will have fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos caídowe will have fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis caídoyou (plural) will have fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán caídothey will have fallen, you (plural formal) will have fallen
Back to top

Caer in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of caer is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría caído en el suelo", meaning "I would have fallen on the ground".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría caídoI would have fallen
habrías caídoyou would have fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría caídos/he would have fallen, you (formal) would have fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos caídowe would have fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais caídoyou (plural) would have fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían caídothey would have fallen, you (plural formal) would have fallen
Back to top

Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Caer

Caer in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "caiga", meaning "I fall".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocaigaI fall
caigasyou fall
Ella / Él / Ustedcaigas/he fall, you (formal) fall
Nosotras / Nosotroscaigamoswe fall
Vosotras / Vosotroscaigáisyou (plural) fall
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescaiganthey fall, you (plural formal) fall
Back to top

Caer in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "cayera", meaning "I fell".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocayeraI fell
cayerasyou fell
Ella / Él / Ustedcayeras/he fell, you (formal) fell
Nosotras / Nosotroscayéramoswe fell
Vosotras / Vosotroscayeraisyou (plural) fell
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescayeranthey fell, you (plural formal) fell
Back to top

Caer in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "cayere", meaning "I will fall".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YocayereI will fall
cayeresyou will fall
Ella / Él / Ustedcayeres/he will fall, you (formal) will fall
Nosotras / Nosotroscayéremoswe will fall
Vosotras / Vosotroscayereisyou (plural) will fall
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescayerenthey will fall, you (plural formal) will fall
Back to top

Caer in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya caído", meaning "I have fallen".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya caídoI have fallen
hayas caídoyou have fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya caídos/he has fallen, you (formal) have fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos caídowe have fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis caídoyou (plural) have fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan caídothey have fallen, you (plural formal) have fallen
Back to top

Caer in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera caído", meaning "I had fallen".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera caídoI had fallen
hubieras caídoyou had fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera caídos/he had fallen, you (formal) had fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos caídowe had fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais caídoyou (plural) had fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran caídothey had fallen, you (plural formal) had fallen
Back to top

Caer in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere caído", meaning "I will have fallen".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere caídoI will have fallen
hubieres caídoyou will have fallen
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere caídos/he will have fallen, you (formal) will have fallen
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos caídowe will have fallen
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis caídoyou (plural) will have fallen
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren caídothey will have fallen, you (plural formal) will have fallen
Back to top

Imperative Tenses of Caer

Caer in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "caiga", meaning "(to you formal) fall!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
cae(to you) fall!
Ella / Él / Ustedcaiga(to you formal) fall!
Nosotras / Nosotroscaigamos(to we) fall!
Vosotras / Vosotroscaed(to you plural) fall!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedescaigan(to you plural formal) fall!
Back to top

Caer in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no caiga", meaning "(to you formal) don't fall!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no caigas(to you) don't fall!
Ella / Él / Ustedno caiga(to you formal) don't fall!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno caigamos(to we) don't fall!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno caigáis(to you plural) don't fall!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno caigan(to you plural formal) don't fall!
Back to top

Example sentences and usage

  • Tus lentes se cayeron al suelo. Your glasses fell on the floor.
  • La temperatura cayó repentinamente. The temperature has suddenly dropped.
Back to top

Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out necesitar – to need or see the complete list of verbs here.

Back to top

Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Amazing App for practicing spanish verbs. Absolutely helpful with fast progress and great explanations of the tenses.

Star Star Star Star Star

Google Play Store