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How to conjugate Alcanzar in Spanish

To reach, to attain, to achieve, to accomplish Irregular

Introduction

Alcanzar is the Spanish verb for to reach, to attain, to achieve, to accomplish. It is an irregular verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitivealcanzarto reach, to attain, to achieve, to accomplish
Past participlealcanzadoreached
Gerundalcanzandoreaching

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Indicative Tenses of Alcanzar

Alcanzar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of alcanzar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "alcanzo al destino", meaning "I reach the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanzoI reach
alcanzasyou reach
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzas/he reach, you (formal) reach
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzamoswe reach
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzáisyou (plural) reach
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzanthey reach, you (plural formal) reach
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of alcanzar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "alcancé al destino", meaning "I reached the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcancéI reached
alcanzasteyou reached
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzós/he reached, you (formal) reached
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzamoswe reached
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzasteisyou (plural) reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzaronthey reached, you (plural formal) reached
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of alcanzar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "alcanzaba al destino", meaning "I used to reach the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanzabaI used to reach
alcanzabasyou used to reach
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzabas/he used to reach, you (formal) used to reach
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzábamoswe used to reach
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzabaisyou (plural) used to reach
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzabanthey used to reach, you (plural formal) used to reach
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of alcanzar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "alcanzaré al destino", meaning "I will reach the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanzaréI will reach
alcanzarásyou will reach
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzarás/he will reach, you (formal) will reach
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzaremoswe will reach
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzaréisyou (plural) will reach
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzaránthey will reach, you (plural formal) will reach
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of alcanzar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "alcanzaría al destino", meaning "I would reach the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanzaríaI would reach
alcanzaríasyou would reach
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzarías/he would reach, you (formal) would reach
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzaríamoswe would reach
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzaríaisyou (plural) would reach
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzaríanthey would reach, you (plural formal) would reach
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of alcanzar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he alcanzado al destino", meaning "I have reached the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe alcanzadoI have reached
has alcanzadoyou have reached
Ella / Él / Ustedha alcanzados/he has reached, you (formal) have reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos alcanzadowe have reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis alcanzadoyou (plural) have reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan alcanzadothey have reached, you (plural formal) have reached
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of alcanzar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había alcanzado al destino", meaning "I had reached the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía alcanzadoI had reached
habías alcanzadoyou had reached
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía alcanzados/he had reached, you (formal) had reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos alcanzadowe had reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais alcanzadoyou (plural) had reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían alcanzadothey had reached, you (plural formal) had reached
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of alcanzar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré alcanzado al destino", meaning "I will have reached the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré alcanzadoI will have reached
habrás alcanzadoyou will have reached
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá alcanzados/he will have reached, you (formal) will have reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos alcanzadowe will have reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis alcanzadoyou (plural) will have reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán alcanzadothey will have reached, you (plural formal) will have reached
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Alcanzar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of alcanzar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría alcanzado al destino", meaning "I would have reached the destination".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría alcanzadoI would have reached
habrías alcanzadoyou would have reached
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría alcanzados/he would have reached, you (formal) would have reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos alcanzadowe would have reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais alcanzadoyou (plural) would have reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían alcanzadothey would have reached, you (plural formal) would have reached
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Alcanzar

Alcanzar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "alcance", meaning "I reach".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanceI reach
alcancesyou reach
Ella / Él / Ustedalcances/he reach, you (formal) reach
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcancemoswe reach
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcancéisyou (plural) reach
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcancenthey reach, you (plural formal) reach
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Alcanzar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "alcanzara", meaning "I reached".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanzaraI reached
alcanzarasyou reached
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzaras/he reached, you (formal) reached
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzáramoswe reached
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzaraisyou (plural) reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzaranthey reached, you (plural formal) reached
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Alcanzar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "alcanzare", meaning "I will reach".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoalcanzareI will reach
alcanzaresyou will reach
Ella / Él / Ustedalcanzares/he will reach, you (formal) will reach
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcanzáremoswe will reach
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzareisyou (plural) will reach
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcanzarenthey will reach, you (plural formal) will reach
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Alcanzar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya alcanzado", meaning "I have reached".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya alcanzadoI have reached
hayas alcanzadoyou have reached
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya alcanzados/he has reached, you (formal) have reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos alcanzadowe have reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis alcanzadoyou (plural) have reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan alcanzadothey have reached, you (plural formal) have reached
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Alcanzar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera alcanzado", meaning "I had reached".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera alcanzadoI had reached
hubieras alcanzadoyou had reached
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera alcanzados/he had reached, you (formal) had reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos alcanzadowe had reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais alcanzadoyou (plural) had reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran alcanzadothey had reached, you (plural formal) had reached
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Alcanzar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere alcanzado", meaning "I will have reached".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere alcanzadoI will have reached
hubieres alcanzadoyou will have reached
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere alcanzados/he will have reached, you (formal) will have reached
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos alcanzadowe will have reached
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis alcanzadoyou (plural) will have reached
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren alcanzadothey will have reached, you (plural formal) will have reached
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Imperative Tenses of Alcanzar

Alcanzar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "alcance", meaning "(to you formal) reach!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
alcanza(to you) reach!
Ella / Él / Ustedalcance(to you formal) reach!
Nosotras / Nosotrosalcancemos(to we) reach!
Vosotras / Vosotrosalcanzad(to you plural) reach!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesalcancen(to you plural formal) reach!
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Alcanzar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no alcance", meaning "(to you formal) don't reach!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no alcances(to you) don't reach!
Ella / Él / Ustedno alcance(to you formal) don't reach!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno alcancemos(to we) don't reach!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno alcancéis(to you plural) don't reach!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno alcancen(to you plural formal) don't reach!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Hambrientos y sedientos, finalmente alcanzamos la posada. Hungry and thirsty, we at last reached the inn.
  • Si te das prisa, le alcanzarás. If you hurry, you'll catch up with him.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out existir – to exist or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

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