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How to conjugate Acabar in Spanish

To finish, to end, to complete

Introduction

Acabar is the Spanish verb for to finish, to end, to complete. It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveacabarto finish, to end, to complete
Past participleacabadofinished
Gerundacabandofinishing

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Indicative Tenses of Acabar

Acabar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of acabar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "acabo", meaning "I finish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacaboI finish
acabasyou finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabas/he finish, you (formal) finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabamoswe finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabáisyou (plural) finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabanthey finish, you (plural formal) finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of acabar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "acabé", meaning "I finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabéI finished
acabasteyou finished
Ella / Él / Ustedacabós/he finished, you (formal) finished
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabamoswe finished
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabasteisyou (plural) finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaronthey finished, you (plural formal) finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of acabar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "acababa", meaning "I used to finish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacababaI used to finish
acababasyou used to finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacababas/he used to finish, you (formal) used to finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabábamoswe used to finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacababaisyou (plural) used to finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacababanthey used to finish, you (plural formal) used to finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of acabar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "acabaré", meaning "I will finish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabaréI will finish
acabarásyou will finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabarás/he will finish, you (formal) will finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabaremoswe will finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabaréisyou (plural) will finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaránthey will finish, you (plural formal) will finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of acabar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "acabaría", meaning "I would finish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabaríaI would finish
acabaríasyou would finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabarías/he would finish, you (formal) would finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabaríamoswe would finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabaríaisyou (plural) would finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaríanthey would finish, you (plural formal) would finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of acabar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he acabado", meaning "I have finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe acabadoI have finished
has acabadoyou have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedha acabados/he has finished, you (formal) have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos acabadowe have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis acabadoyou (plural) have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan acabadothey have finished, you (plural formal) have finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of acabar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había acabado", meaning "I had finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía acabadoI had finished
habías acabadoyou had finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía acabados/he had finished, you (formal) had finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos acabadowe had finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais acabadoyou (plural) had finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían acabadothey had finished, you (plural formal) had finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of acabar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré acabado", meaning "I will have finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré acabadoI will have finished
habrás acabadoyou will have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá acabados/he will have finished, you (formal) will have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos acabadowe will have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis acabadoyou (plural) will have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán acabadothey will have finished, you (plural formal) will have finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of acabar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría acabado", meaning "I would have finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría acabadoI would have finished
habrías acabadoyou would have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría acabados/he would have finished, you (formal) would have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos acabadowe would have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais acabadoyou (plural) would have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían acabadothey would have finished, you (plural formal) would have finished
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Acabar

Acabar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "acabe", meaning "I finish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabeI finish
acabesyou finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabes/he finish, you (formal) finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabemoswe finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabéisyou (plural) finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabenthey finish, you (plural formal) finish
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "acabara", meaning "I finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabaraI finished
acabarasyou finished
Ella / Él / Ustedacabaras/he finished, you (formal) finished
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabáramoswe finished
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabaraisyou (plural) finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaranthey finished, you (plural formal) finished
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "acabare", meaning "I will finish".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabareI will finish
acabaresyou will finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabares/he will finish, you (formal) will finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabáremoswe will finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabareisyou (plural) will finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabarenthey will finish, you (plural formal) will finish
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya acabado", meaning "I have finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya acabadoI have finished
hayas acabadoyou have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya acabados/he has finished, you (formal) have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos acabadowe have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis acabadoyou (plural) have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan acabadothey have finished, you (plural formal) have finished
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera acabado", meaning "I had finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera acabadoI had finished
hubieras acabadoyou had finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera acabados/he had finished, you (formal) had finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos acabadowe had finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais acabadoyou (plural) had finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran acabadothey had finished, you (plural formal) had finished
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere acabado", meaning "I will have finished".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere acabadoI will have finished
hubieres acabadoyou will have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere acabados/he will have finished, you (formal) will have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos acabadowe will have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis acabadoyou (plural) will have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren acabadothey will have finished, you (plural formal) will have finished
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Imperative Tenses of Acabar

Acabar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "acabe", meaning "(to you formal) finish!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
acaba(to you) finish!
Ella / Él / Ustedacabe(to you formal) finish!
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabemos(to we) finish!
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabad(to you plural) finish!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacaben(to you plural formal) finish!
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Acabar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no acabe", meaning "(to you formal) don't finish!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no acabes(to you) don't finish!
Ella / Él / Ustedno acabe(to you formal) don't finish!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno acabemos(to we) don't finish!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno acabéis(to you plural) don't finish!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno acaben(to you plural formal) don't finish!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Esto no acabará nunca. This is never going to end.
  • ¿Ya acabaste tu tarea? Have you finished doing your homework yet?
  • Las vacaciones siempre acaban demasiado pronto. The holidays always end all too soon.
  • El verano ya se acabó. Summer is gone.
  • ¿Ya acabaste tu tarea? Have you finished doing your homework yet?
  • Se te acabó el tiempo. Your time is up.
  • No puedes tener hambre. Acabas de cenar. You can't be hungry. You've just had dinner.
  • Él no puede tener hambre, acaba de comer. He cannot be hungry; he has just had lunch.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out tener – to have or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

This is a really great format for genuine learning. Kudos to the developers! Having to type out the conjugations rather than choose from a multiple choice quiz may seem like an inconvenience at first, but it does wonders for one’s recall.

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