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How to conjugate Acabar in Spanish

To finish, to end, to complete Regular AR Verb

Introduction

Acabar is the Spanish verb for "to finish, to end, to complete". It is a regular AR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 18 major Spanish tenses!

Similar verbs to acabar include: apurar, terminar, cesar, completar.

SpanishEnglish
Infinitiveacabarto finish, to end, to complete
Past participleacabadofinished
Gerundacabandofinishing
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Indicative Tenses of Acabar

Acabar in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of acabar is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "acabo", meaning "I finish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present is known as "El Presente".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacaboI finish
TĂşacabasyou finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabas/he finish, you (formal) finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabamoswe finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabáisyou (plural) finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabanthey finish, you (plural formal) finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of acabar is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "acabé", meaning "I finished".

In Spanish, the Indicative Preterite is known as "El Pretérito Indefinido".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabéI finished
TĂşacabasteyou finished
Ella / Él / Ustedacabós/he finished, you (formal) finished
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabamoswe finished
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabasteisyou (plural) finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaronthey finished, you (plural formal) finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of acabar is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "acababa", meaning "I used to finish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is known as "El Pretérito Imperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacababaI used to finish
TĂşacababasyou used to finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacababas/he used to finish, you (formal) used to finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabábamoswe used to finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacababaisyou (plural) used to finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacababanthey used to finish, you (plural formal) used to finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Present Continuous

The Indicative Present Continuous of acabar is used to talk about something that is happening continuously or right now. For example, "estoy acabando", meaning "I am finishing".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Continuous is known as "El Presente Progresivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yoestoy acabandoI am finishing
Túestás acabandoyou are finishing
Ella / Él / Ustedestá acabandos/he is finishing, you (formal) are finishing
Nosotras / Nosotrosestamos acabandowe are finishing
Vosotras / Vosotrosestáis acabandoyou (plural) are finishing
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesestán acabandothey are finishing, you (plural formal) are finishing
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Acabar in the Indicative Informal Future

The Indicative Informal Future of acabar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future, especially in the near future. For example, "voy a acabar", meaning "I am going to finish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Informal Future is known as "El Futuro PrĂłximo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yovoy a acabarI am going to finish
TĂşvas a acabaryou are going to finish
Ella / Él / Ustedva a acabars/he is going to finish, you (formal) are going to finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosvamos a acabarwe are going to finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosvais a acabaryou (plural) are going to finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesvan a acabarthey are going to finish, you (plural formal) are going to finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of acabar is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "acabaré", meaning "I will finish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future is known as "El Futuro Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabaréI will finish
Túacabarásyou will finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabarás/he will finish, you (formal) will finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabaremoswe will finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabaréisyou (plural) will finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaránthey will finish, you (plural formal) will finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of acabar is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "acabarĂ­a", meaning "I would finish".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional is known as "El Condicional Simple".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabarĂ­aI would finish
TĂşacabarĂ­asyou would finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabarías/he would finish, you (formal) would finish
Nosotras / NosotrosacabarĂ­amoswe would finish
Vosotras / VosotrosacabarĂ­aisyou (plural) would finish
Ellas / Ellos / UstedesacabarĂ­anthey would finish, you (plural formal) would finish
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Acabar in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of acabar is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he acabado", meaning "I have finished".

In Spanish, the Indicative Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe acabadoI have finished
TĂşhas acabadoyou have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedha acabados/he has finished, you (formal) have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos acabadowe have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis acabadoyou (plural) have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan acabadothey have finished, you (plural formal) have finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of acabar is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "habĂ­a acabado", meaning "I had finished".

In Spanish, the Indicative Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabĂ­a acabadoI had finished
TĂşhabĂ­as acabadoyou had finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía acabados/he had finished, you (formal) had finished
Nosotras / NosotroshabĂ­amos acabadowe had finished
Vosotras / VosotroshabĂ­ais acabadoyou (plural) had finished
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabĂ­an acabadothey had finished, you (plural formal) had finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of acabar is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré acabado", meaning "I will have finished".

In Spanish, the Indicative Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré acabadoI will have finished
Túhabrás acabadoyou will have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá acabados/he will have finished, you (formal) will have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos acabadowe will have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis acabadoyou (plural) will have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán acabadothey will have finished, you (plural formal) will have finished
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Acabar in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of acabar is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría acabado", meaning "I would have finished".

In Spanish, the Indicative Conditional Perfect is known as "El Condicional Perfecto".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YohabrĂ­a acabadoI would have finished
TĂşhabrĂ­as acabadoyou would have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría acabados/he would have finished, you (formal) would have finished
Nosotras / NosotroshabrĂ­amos acabadowe would have finished
Vosotras / VosotroshabrĂ­ais acabadoyou (plural) would have finished
Ellas / Ellos / UstedeshabrĂ­an acabadothey would have finished, you (plural formal) would have finished
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Subjunctive Tenses of Acabar

Acabar in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "acabe", meaning "I finish".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present is known as "El Presente de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabeI finish
TĂşacabesyou finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabes/he finish, you (formal) finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabemoswe finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabéisyou (plural) finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabenthey finish, you (plural formal) finish
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "acabara", meaning "I finished".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Imperfect is known as "El Imperfecto Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabaraI finished
TĂşacabarasyou finished
Ella / Él / Ustedacabaras/he finished, you (formal) finished
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabáramoswe finished
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabaraisyou (plural) finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabaranthey finished, you (plural formal) finished
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that may happen in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "acabare", meaning "I will finish".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future is known as "El Futuro de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoacabareI will finish
TĂşacabaresyou will finish
Ella / Él / Ustedacabares/he will finish, you (formal) will finish
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabáremoswe will finish
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabareisyou (plural) will finish
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacabarenthey will finish, you (plural formal) will finish
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya acabado", meaning "I have finished".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Present Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya acabadoI have finished
TĂşhayas acabadoyou have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya acabados/he has finished, you (formal) have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos acabadowe have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis acabadoyou (plural) have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan acabadothey have finished, you (plural formal) have finished
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera acabado", meaning "I had finished".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Past Perfect is known as "El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera acabadoI had finished
TĂşhubieras acabadoyou had finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera acabados/he had finished, you (formal) had finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos acabadowe had finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais acabadoyou (plural) had finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran acabadothey had finished, you (plural formal) had finished
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Acabar in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used to speak about something that will have happened if a hypothetical situations occurs in the future. Note that this is very rarely used in Spanish. For example, "hubiere acabado", meaning "I will have finished".

In Spanish, the Subjunctive Future Perfect is known as "El Futuro Perfecto de Subjuntivo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere acabadoI will have finished
TĂşhubieres acabadoyou will have finished
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere acabados/he will have finished, you (formal) will have finished
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos acabadowe will have finished
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis acabadoyou (plural) will have finished
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren acabadothey will have finished, you (plural formal) will have finished
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Imperative Tenses of Acabar

Acabar in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "acabe", meaning "(to you formal) finish!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Affirmative is known as "El Imperativo Afirmativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂşacaba(to you) finish!
Ella / Él / Ustedacabe(to you formal) finish!
Nosotras / Nosotrosacabemoslet's finish!
Vosotras / Vosotrosacabad(to you plural) finish!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesacaben(to you plural formal) finish!
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Acabar in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no acabe", meaning "(to you formal) don't finish!".

In Spanish, the Imperative Negative is known as "El Imperativo Negativo".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
TĂşno acabes(to you) don't finish!
Ella / Él / Ustedno acabe(to you formal) don't finish!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno acabemoslet's not finish!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno acabéis(to you plural) don't finish!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno acaben(to you plural formal) don't finish!
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Example sentences and usage

  • Esto no acabará nunca. This is never going to end.
  • ÂżYa acabaste tu tarea? Have you finished doing your homework yet?
  • Las vacaciones siempre acaban demasiado pronto. The holidays always end all too soon.
  • El verano ya se acabĂł. Summer is gone.
  • ÂżYa acabaste tu tarea? Have you finished doing your homework yet?
  • Se te acabĂł el tiempo. Your time is up.
  • No puedes tener hambre. Acabas de cenar. You can't be hungry. You've just had dinner.
  • Él no puede tener hambre, acaba de comer. He cannot be hungry; he has just had lunch.
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