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How to conjugate Abrir in Spanish

To open

Introduction

Abrir is the Spanish verb for to open. It is a regular IR verb. Read on below to see how it is conjugated in the 16 major Spanish tenses!

SpanishSpanishEnglish
Infinitiveabrirto open
Past participleabiertoopened
Gerundabriendoopening

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Indicative Tenses of Abrir

Abrir in the Indicative Present

The Indicative Present of abrir is used to talk about situations, events or thoughts that are happening now or in the near future. It is also used to talk about facts and truths. For example, "abro la puerta", meaning "I open the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabroI open
abresyou open
Ella / Él / Ustedabres/he open, you (formal) open
Nosotras / Nosotrosabrimoswe open
Vosotras / Vosotrosabrísyou (plural) open
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabrenthey open, you (plural formal) open
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Abrir in the Indicative Preterite

The Indicative Preterite of abrir is used to talk about actions completed in the past, at a specific point in time. For example, "abrí la puerta", meaning "I opened the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabríI opened
abristeyou opened
Ella / Él / Ustedabriós/he opened, you (formal) opened
Nosotras / Nosotrosabrimoswe opened
Vosotras / Vosotrosabristeisyou (plural) opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabrieronthey opened, you (plural formal) opened
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Abrir in the Indicative Imperfect

The Indicative Imperfect of abrir is used to describe regular and repeated actions that happened in the past and descriptions of things you used to do. For example, "abría la puerta", meaning "I used to open the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabríaI used to open
abríasyou used to open
Ella / Él / Ustedabrías/he used to open, you (formal) used to open
Nosotras / Nosotrosabríamoswe used to open
Vosotras / Vosotrosabríaisyou (plural) used to open
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabríanthey used to open, you (plural formal) used to open
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Abrir in the Indicative Future

The Indicative Future of abrir is used to talk about something that will happen in the future. For example, "abriré la puerta", meaning "I will open the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabriréI will open
abrirásyou will open
Ella / Él / Ustedabrirás/he will open, you (formal) will open
Nosotras / Nosotrosabriremoswe will open
Vosotras / Vosotrosabriréisyou (plural) will open
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabriránthey will open, you (plural formal) will open
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Abrir in the Indicative Conditional

The Indicative Conditional of abrir is used to talk about something that may happen in the future, hypothesis and probabilities. For example, "abriría la puerta", meaning "I would open the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabriríaI would open
abriríasyou would open
Ella / Él / Ustedabrirías/he would open, you (formal) would open
Nosotras / Nosotrosabriríamoswe would open
Vosotras / Vosotrosabriríaisyou (plural) would open
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabriríanthey would open, you (plural formal) would open
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Abrir in the Indicative Present Perfect

The Indicative Present Perfect of abrir is used to describe actions that started recently (in the past) and are still happening now or things that have been done recently. For example, "he abierto la puerta", meaning "I have opened the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohe abiertoI have opened
has abiertoyou have opened
Ella / Él / Ustedha abiertos/he has opened, you (formal) have opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshemos abiertowe have opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshabéis abiertoyou (plural) have opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshan abiertothey have opened, you (plural formal) have opened
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Abrir in the Indicative Past Perfect

The Indicative Past Perfect of abrir is used to talk about actions that happened before another action in the past. For example, "había abierto la puerta", meaning "I had opened the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabía abiertoI had opened
habías abiertoyou had opened
Ella / Él / Ustedhabía abiertos/he had opened, you (formal) had opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshabíamos abiertowe had opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshabíais abiertoyou (plural) had opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabían abiertothey had opened, you (plural formal) had opened
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Abrir in the Indicative Future Perfect

The Indicative Future Perfect of abrir is used to talk about something that will have happened in the future after something else has already happened. For example, "habré abierto la puerta", meaning "I will have opened the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabré abiertoI will have opened
habrás abiertoyou will have opened
Ella / Él / Ustedhabrá abiertos/he will have opened, you (formal) will have opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshabremos abiertowe will have opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshabréis abiertoyou (plural) will have opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrán abiertothey will have opened, you (plural formal) will have opened
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Abrir in the Indicative Conditional Perfect

The Indicative Conditional Perfect of abrir is used to talk about something that would have happened in the future but didn’t due to another action. For example, "habría abierto la puerta", meaning "I would have opened the door".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohabría abiertoI would have opened
habrías abiertoyou would have opened
Ella / Él / Ustedhabría abiertos/he would have opened, you (formal) would have opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshabríamos abiertowe would have opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshabríais abiertoyou (plural) would have opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshabrían abiertothey would have opened, you (plural formal) would have opened
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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

Subjunctive Tenses of Abrir

Abrir in the Subjunctive Present

The Subjunctive Present is used to talk about situations of uncertainty, or emotions such as wishes, desires and hopes. It differs from the indicative mood due to the uncertainty of the events which are being spoken about. For example, "abra", meaning "I open".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabraI open
abrasyou open
Ella / Él / Ustedabras/he open, you (formal) open
Nosotras / Nosotrosabramoswe open
Vosotras / Vosotrosabráisyou (plural) open
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabranthey open, you (plural formal) open
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Abrir in the Subjunctive Imperfect

The Subjunctive Imperfect is used to speak about unlikely or uncertain events in the past or to cast an opinion (emotional) about something that happened in the past. For example, "abriera", meaning "I opened".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabrieraI opened
abrierasyou opened
Ella / Él / Ustedabrieras/he opened, you (formal) opened
Nosotras / Nosotrosabriéramoswe opened
Vosotras / Vosotrosabrieraisyou (plural) opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabrieranthey opened, you (plural formal) opened
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Abrir in the Subjunctive Future

The Subjunctive Future is used For example, "abriere", meaning "I will open".

PronounSpanishEnglish
YoabriereI will open
abrieresyou will open
Ella / Él / Ustedabrieres/he will open, you (formal) will open
Nosotras / Nosotrosabriéremoswe will open
Vosotras / Vosotrosabriereisyou (plural) will open
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabrierenthey will open, you (plural formal) will open
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Abrir in the Subjunctive Present Perfect

The Subjunctive Present Perfect is used to describe past actions or events that are still connected to the present day and to speak about an action that will have happened by a certain time in the future. For example, "haya abierto", meaning "I have opened".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohaya abiertoI have opened
hayas abiertoyou have opened
Ella / Él / Ustedhaya abiertos/he has opened, you (formal) have opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshayamos abiertowe have opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshayáis abiertoyou (plural) have opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshayan abiertothey have opened, you (plural formal) have opened
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Abrir in the Subjunctive Past Perfect

The Subjunctive Past Perfect is used to speak about hypothetical situations, and actions/events that occurred before other actions/events in the past. For example, "hubiera abierto", meaning "I had opened".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiera abiertoI had opened
hubieras abiertoyou had opened
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiera abiertos/he had opened, you (formal) had opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéramos abiertowe had opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshubierais abiertoyou (plural) had opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieran abiertothey had opened, you (plural formal) had opened
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Abrir in the Subjunctive Future Perfect

The Subjunctive Future Perfect is used For example, "hubiere abierto", meaning "I will have opened".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yohubiere abiertoI will have opened
hubieres abiertoyou will have opened
Ella / Él / Ustedhubiere abiertos/he will have opened, you (formal) will have opened
Nosotras / Nosotroshubiéremos abiertowe will have opened
Vosotras / Vosotroshubiereis abiertoyou (plural) will have opened
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedeshubieren abiertothey will have opened, you (plural formal) will have opened
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Imperative Tenses of Abrir

Abrir in the Imperative Affirmative

The Imperative Affirmative is used to give orders and commands, to tell someone to do something. For example, "abra", meaning "(to you formal) open!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
abre(to you) open!
Ella / Él / Ustedabra(to you formal) open!
Nosotras / Nosotrosabramos(to we) open!
Vosotras / Vosotrosabrid(to you plural) open!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesabran(to you plural formal) open!
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Abrir in the Imperative Negative

The Imperative Negative is used to give orders and commands, telling someone not to do something. For example, "no abra", meaning "(to you formal) don't open!".

PronounSpanishEnglish
Yo--
no abras(to you) don't open!
Ella / Él / Ustedno abra(to you formal) don't open!
Nosotras / Nosotrosno abramos(to we) don't open!
Vosotras / Vosotrosno abráis(to you plural) don't open!
Ellas / Ellos / Ustedesno abran(to you plural formal) don't open!
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Example sentences and usage

  • ¿Con qué lo abriste? What did you open it with?
  • Abre el armario de la izquierda, allí están las botellas. Open the cupboard to the left, the bottles are in there.
  • ¿Con qué lo abriste? What did you open it with?
  • Abre tu libro por la página nueve. Open your book to page nine.
  • Abrid vuestros textos en la página 50. Open your texts to page 50.
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Want to explore other verb conjugations?

Why not check out decir – to say, to tell or see the complete list of verbs here.

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Want a better way to learn conjugations?

Ella Verbs guides you through 30 levels of bite sized lessons and verb drills, helping you to master the 16 main Spanish tenses from our verb library of over 1,000 verbs.

This is a really great format for genuine learning. Kudos to the developers! Having to type out the conjugations rather than choose from a multiple choice quiz may seem like an inconvenience at first, but it does wonders for one’s recall.

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